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In the Shadow of the Incarnation

Essays on Jesus Christ in the Early Church in Honor of Brian E. Daley, S.J.

Edited by Peter W. Martens

Publication Year: 2008

The early centuries of the Christian church are widely regarded as the most decisive and influential for the formation of the church’s convictions about Jesus Christ. The essays in this volume offer readers a fresh orientation, and ground-breaking analyses, of the figure of Jesus in late antiquity. Written by historians and theologians who examine the thought of leading theologians, Latin and Greek, from the second through the seventh centuries, these essays honor and complement the scholarship of Brian E. Daley, Catherine F. Huisking Professor of Theology at the University of Notre Dame. While most discussions still confine patristic Christology to its conciliar trajectory, this volume broadens our horizons. The essays gathered here explore aspects of early Christology that cannot be narrowly confined to the path marked by the ecumenical councils. The contributors locate Jesus within a rich matrix of relationships: they explore how early Christian theologians connected Jesus Christ to their other doctrinal concerns about God, the gift of salvation, and the eschaton, and they articulate how convictions about Jesus Christ informed numerous practices, including discipleship, martyrdom, scriptural interpretation, and even the practice of thinking well about Christ.

Published by: University of Notre Dame Press


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pp. v-vii


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pp. ix

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pp. 1-10

The essays in this volume are offered in warm gratitude to Brian E. Daley, S.J. They serve, to be sure, as only a small expression of thanks from a handful of the many who count themselves as Brian’s friends. They are centered on the topic of Jesus Christ in the early church and were commissioned on the occasion of our honoree’s sixty-I cannot introduce Brian Daley more succinctly or more faithfully ...

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The Apocalypse, Christ, and the Martyrs of Gaul

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pp. 11-28

In 43 B.C., Lucius Munatius Plancus, the governor of Further Gaul and a faithful servant of Julius Caesar in the Gallic wars, founded Roman Lugdunum, as the Senate had directed. He established the city on the hill of the Forum vetus, the old forum, or the fourvière hill, the origin of modern Lyons. Lugdunum, located at the intersection of the Rhone and Saône rivers, became the capital of the three Provinces of ...

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Athanasius’s Christology Today The Life, Death, and Resurrection of Christ in On the Incarnation

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pp. 29-49

In his essay “Christology Today?”1 Karl Rahner begins with an acknowledgment that the articulation of a Christology adequate to our time must be in fundamental continuity with that of “classical Christology.” The rationale for this assertion is that classical Christology is formative of the consciousness of the church, which is where God’s defi nitive and irrevocable Word in Christ is continually...

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Expectatio Beatitudinis: The Eschatological Frame of Hilary of Poitiers’ Tractatus super Psalmos

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pp. 50-70

Recent scholarship on patristic commentaries of the Psalms empha- sizes the close correspondence between the exegetical method and the theological vision of the author. Karen Jo Torjesen, for instance, notes that Origen regarded exegesis as Christian paideia.1 For this ancient Alexandrian, the interpretation of a psalm renders Christ present by transposing the reader into the world of the psalm, so that, from re-...

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Suffering without Pain The Scandal of Hilary of Poitiers’ Christology

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pp. 71-96

In the final books of De Trinitate, Hilary of Poitiers argues that Christ suffered on the cross without experiencing pain. This argument has endured more criticism throughout the history of the church than any other aspect of Hilary’s theology. Within a hundred years of Hilary’s death, Claudianus Mamertus accused him of undermining the truth of Christ’s passion and threatening our redemption.1 In the thirteenth ...

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Gregory of Nazianzus on the Unity of Christ

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pp. 97-120

One of the many fruits of Brian Daley’s career as a patristic scholar has been his demonstration that Cappadocian Christology is much richer than the received categories of interpretation have admitted. In two recent articles and in his 2002 D’Arcy Lectures in Oxford, Daley has shown that Gregory of Nyssa offers a consistent and powerful “Christology of transformation.”1 Despite his reputation for being...

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Two Early Nicenes Eustathius of Antioch and Marcellus of Ancyra

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pp. 121-148

The controversy set off by Arius of Alexandria in the second decade of the fourth century continues to generate important scholarship. While Athanasius of Alexandria has received the lion’s share of attention, in recent years attention has also shifted to other supporters and opponents of Arius, notably, Marcellus of Ancyra, an opponent of Arius, and Eusebius of Caesarea, at least at one time a supporter of the ...

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Loving Christ according to Origen and Augustine

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pp. 149-175

When I was first invited to contribute to Brian Daley’s Festschrift, I was asked to provide an overview of recent trends in the litera-ture on the soteriology of early Christian authors.1 While such an overview would certainly prove useful, it unfortunately lies beyond the more modest ambitions that I have set forth for this essay. I will, rather, limit myself to two theologians, Origen of Alexandria and Augustine ...

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Augustine’s Christology Its Spirituality and Rhetoric

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pp. 176-189

In his enormously rich monograph, Les conversions des. Augustin (1950), J.-M. Le Blond observed that Augustine saw the incarnation as a révélation de méthode spirituelle. Augustine’s deepest and most significant “conversion,” he suggested, is that from Gottesmystik to Christusmystik, meaning not that the incarnate Christ somehow replaces the transcendent divine nature for Augustine as an object of...

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Christology as Contemplative Practice Understanding the Union of Natures in Augustine’s Letter 137

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pp. 190-211

It is a delight to be able to honor Fr. Brian Daley, S.J.2 Brian has been to me an exemplary friend, mentor, and priest—all this must be said before his scholarship is even mentioned. As a scholar, Brian has been a beacon for those who believe in the significance of the study of early Christian theology in its own right...

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What Was “Wrong” with Augustine? The Sixth-Century Reception (or Lack Thereof ) of Augustine’s Christology

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pp. 212-227

A christological controversy erupted in Constantinople in the first decades of the sixth century, which quickly expanded to include a controversy about grace. A group of monks from Scythia, who were in Constantinople to get a hearing for their christological views, fought both fronts of this battle. They relied, however, on separate authorities for each front. For Christology, they drew primarily on the writings of ...

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The Persistence of Decay Bodily Disintegration and Cyrillian Christology

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pp. 228-245

In one of the most memorable scenes from Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s magisterial work The Brothers Karamazov, Alyosha’s mentor, the monk Zosima, dies. Because of his exemplary life, many in the monastery and around the village in which the monastery is located expect that Zosima’s death will be accompanied by some kind of miracle. Perhaps, some wonder publicly, he might even be one of those given the ...

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Mystery or Conundrum? The Apprehension of Christ in the Chalcedonian Definition

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pp. 246-259

I remember once, in an interdisciplinary meeting of university professors and graduate students, mainly from Classics and Religion, the sardonic remark that New Testament “types”1 had so trampled their small number of texts into the ground, with such vast tonnage of commentary compressing them into an impenetrable density, that any hope for a sensible future of exegesis seemed ill-grounded. I cannot remem-...

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From Doctrine of Christ to Icon of Christ St. Maximus the Confessor on the Transfiguration of Christ

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pp. 260-275

Throughout the Eastern Christian theological tradition—from its first flowering with St. Irenaeus in the second century to the gathering up of the tradition by St. Gregory Palamas in the fourteenth century, and beyond—the mystery of the transfiguration has been central.1 We find Irenaeus’s most famous utterance in the course of a series of reflections focused by the mystery of the transfiguration: “gloria enim Dei ...

The Works of Brian E. Daley, S. J.

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pp. 276

Books, Translations, and Monographs

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pp. 276

Articles (Excluding Reviews)

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pp. 277-281


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pp. 282-284

General Index

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pp. 285-287

Scripture Index

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pp. 288-290

E-ISBN-13: 9780268086732
E-ISBN-10: 0268086737
Print-ISBN-13: 9780268035112
Print-ISBN-10: 0268035113

Page Count: 304
Publication Year: 2008