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Immigration and the Border

Politics and Policy in the New Latino Century

Edited by David L. Leal and José E. Limón

Publication Year: 2012

The advent of the twenty-first century marks a significant moment in the history of Latinos in the United States. The “fourth wave” of immigration to America is primarily Latino, and the last decades of the twentieth century saw a significant increase in the number of Latino migrants, a diversification of the nations contributing to this migration, and an increase in the size of the native-born Latino population. A backlash against unauthorized immigration, which may indict all Latinos, is also underway. Understanding the growing Latino population, especially its immigrant dimensions, is therefore a key task for researchers in the social sciences and humanities. The contributors to Immigration and the Border address immigration and border politics and policies, focusing on the U.S. side of the border. The volume editors have arranged the essays into five sections. The two chapters in the first section set the stage and discuss the binational lives of Mexican migrants; chapters in the subsequent sections highlight specific political and policy themes: civic engagement, public policies, political reactions against immigrants, and immigrant leadership. Because the immigration experience encompasses many facets of political life and public policy, the varied perspectives of the contributors offer a mosaic that contextualizes the impact of and contributions by contemporary Latino immigrants. Their research will appeal not only to scholars but to policymakers and the public and will inform contentious debates about migration and migrants.

Published by: University of Notre Dame Press

Title Page, About the Series, Copyright

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pp. 2-6

Contents

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pp. v-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

This volume began as a selection of papers presented at the first Inter-University Program for Latino Research (IUPLR) conference, “Siglo XXI: Latino Research into the Twenty-First Century,” held at the University of Texas at Austin in 2005. We subsequently solicited additional papers specifically for the volume. ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-42

Borders matter in our world more—and less—than ever before. With international migration at unprecedented levels, immigrants (with or without legal status) are increasingly visible and consequential in both host and sending nations. They are putting down roots, finding jobs, starting families, creating local and transnational networks, ...

Part I: Setting the Stage—Binational Lives

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Chapter One: Formal and Informal Institutions in the Construction of Transnational Lives: A Study of Mexican and Mexican American Experiences in San Antonio, Texas—A Mexican-Majority U.S. City

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pp. 45-85

This study is an exploration of the transnational experiences of Mexican origin residents in San Antonio, Texas. The context of the city of San Antonio, with a history of U.S.-Mexico relations and a majority Mexican origin population, creates an environment of organizations, institutions, work, and family relationships that promote transnational ties. ...

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Chapter Two: Looking North and the Immigrant’s Social Imaginary

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pp. 86-104

In an interdisciplinary examination of the impact of immigration on the North American social landscape at the end of the millennium, Marcelo Suárez-Orozco (1998) noted that the phenomenon is likely to have a “momentous” effect on American culture and society. The current climate of debate over national immigration policy ...

Part II: Immigrants and Civic Life

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Chapter Three: Latino Immigrants: Transnationalism, Patterns of Multiple Citizenships, and Social Capital

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pp. 107-129

Studies of immigration have centered on the flows, nature, impact, and adaptation of immigrants on the economic, sociocultural, and political life of the receiving countries. In addition, the formation of immigrant communities and the social networks they utilize serve to facilitate economic, political, and sociocultural transactions. ...

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Chapter Four: The Political Consequences of Latino Immigrant Transnational Ties

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pp. 130-148

The manner by which immigrants incorporate themselves into the American political system has generated much scholarly attention in recent years (Rogers 2006; Wong 2006; Ramakrishnan 2005; Barreto and Muñoz 2003). Although research on immigrant political incorporation is not new ...

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Chapter Five: From Naturalized Citizen to Voter: The Context of Naturalization and Electoral Participation in Latino Communities

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pp. 149-181

In the 1990s, naturalization surged to levels unprecedented in the history of its federal regulation since 1907 (see Table 5.1). The more than five million immigrants who naturalized as U.S. citizens in the 1990s exceeded the number of naturalizees in the previous three decades combined. ...

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Chapter Six: At Home Abroad? The Dominican Diaspora in New York City as a Transnational Political Actor

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pp. 182-206

Although American diplomatic history is replete with examples of ethnic minorities shaping American foreign policy, the participation of Latinos as transnational political actors has not received serious scholarly attention. This may be due in part to the belief that aside from Cuban Americans (Fernández 1987), ...

Part III: Immigration and Public Policy

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Chapter Seven: U.S. and Mexican Schools as Regulators of Dropout Rates for Chicano Students

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pp. 209-235

This chapter focuses on the education of Mexican immigrant and Mexican-American students. While these two populations often need to be distinguished, at other times they need to be combined to gain a larger picture; the combined populations will be referred to as Chicano students.1 ...

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Chapter Eight: Eligibility, Enrollment, Utilization: Barriers to Public Insurance Access among Latino Families in the Age of Welfare and Health Care Reform

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pp. 236-267

In a study examining the differential impact of Medicaid expansions on the health status of children by race and ethnicity, Lykens and Jargowsky (2002) have pointed out that access to public health insurance programs depends on three distinct realms of action. ...

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Chapter Nine: Cultural Sensitivity or Cultural Innovation? A Review of Interventions to Improve Enrollment of Latino Immigrant Children in Public Insurance Programs

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pp. 268-284

In their study of the ways in which managed care plans in California have adapted their services to meet the health needs of the state’s diverse populations, Coye and Alvarez (1999) introduce the idea of cultural competency by distinguishing it from cultural sensitivity. ...

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Chapter Ten: Policy Actors and the Immigration Policy Process

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pp. 285-298

The immigration policy process is as follows: Popular and emotional reactions to undocumented immigration develop at the local and state level. When these sentiments eventually reach politicians at the federal level, Congress responds with a new policy, which only creates more responsibilities for immigration policy actors, ...

Part IV: Political Reactions to Immigration

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Chapter Eleven: Rhetoric and Realities: American Immigration Policy after September 11, 2001

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pp. 301-320

American immigration policy is based on a mix of fact and fiction. The maintenance and control of a border between nations is as much a function of economic and human resources as it is about rhetoric and symbolism (Massey 1990). The U.S.-Mexico border is a case in point. ...

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Chapter Twelve: Indecent Proposal? The Rise and Success of Arizona Proposition 200

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pp. 321-346

Long before Arizona SB10701 came to symbolize the most stringent anti-immigration policy in the country, Proposition 2002 placed immigration enforcement at the center of Arizona politics. The 2004 campaign for Prop 200 framed state immigration policy in a manner that blurred the lines between Latino identity, national security, ...

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Chapter Thirteen: Proposition 200 in Arizona: Déjà vu All Over Again

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pp. 347-362

A decade after the passage of Proposition 187 in California, a move to block undocumented immigrants from receiving public services in Arizona developed as a backdrop to the 2004 election. The heightened sense of concern about undocumented immigration has in part been due to a downturn in the state economy, ...

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Chapter Fourteen: Are Anti-Immigrant Statements Racist or Nativist? What Difference Does It Make?

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pp. 363-400

The topic of immigration continues to receive considerable attention as the press media reports on demographic shifts, proposed immigration laws and policies, and accounts of popular reaction to immigrants including reports of anti-immigrant statements. A key question in the press media reports of anti-immigrant statements ...

Part V: Immigrants and Leadership

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Chapter Fifteen: Latino Youth Activists in the Age of Globalization

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pp. 403-433

The relationship between youth and nation building has long been a concern of political philosophers. In The Republic, Plato wrote about the social impact of children’s education, particularly on those who would grow up to be future rulers, so as to ensure the creation of a just society (Plato 1941). ...

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Chapter Sixteen: The Emerging Community Leadership and Transnational Politics of Mexican National Immigrants in New England

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pp. 434-468

The presence of Mexican nationals1 in the United States has been historically, socially, and politically well documented and researched during the past one hundred years (Suro 2005; C. Suarez-Orozco and M. Suarez-Orozco 2001).2 Waters and Jimenez (2005, 119) argue that “Mexicans are the only immigrant group to span the Great European Migration, ...

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Contributors

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pp. 469-479

Ricardo Ainslie is a native of Mexico City, Mexico. He earned his bachelor’s degree at the University of California at Berkeley and his Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology at the University of Michigan. He is currently a Professor in the Department of Educational Psychology at the University of Texas at Austin ...

Index

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pp. 480-488

Back Cover

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p. 501-501


E-ISBN-13: 9780268085698
E-ISBN-10: 0268085692
Print-ISBN-13: 9780268013356
Print-ISBN-10: 0268013357

Page Count: 504
Illustrations: 17 line drawings; 33 tables
Publication Year: 2012

Series Title: Latino Perspectives
Series Editor Byline: Gilberto Cardenas and Andrew Deliyannides

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Subject Headings

  • Hispanic Americans -- Politics and government.
  • Hispanic Americans -- Social conditions.
  • Immigrants -- Political activity -- United States.
  • Immigrants -- United States -- Social conditions.
  • Latin America -- Emigration and immigration.
  • United States #xEmigration and immigration.
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