A Defense of Dignity
Creating Life, Destroying Life, and Protecting the Rights of Conscience
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Notre Dame Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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...tute this book first appeared elsewhere. i am grateful to the respective publishers for their permission to make use of this material: “the ethics of ectopic Pregnancy: A critical reconsideration of Salpingostomy and methotrexate,” Linacre Quarterly (August 2009): 265–82; “embryo Adoption and the Artificial uterus,” in The Ethics of Embryo Adoption and ...
Chapter One: Introduction
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...the subject of human dignity has received a fair bit of attention. Both the report of the President’s council on Bioethics, Human Dignity and Bioethics, and the Vatican declaration Dignitas Personae have high-lighted the idea of human dignity in the public eye while they have also raised important and difficult questions.1 “What exactly is “dignity”? ...
Chapter Two: Are All Species Equal in Dignity?
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...basic rights, or moral worth, but whether any non-human animals have dignity, basic rights, or moral worth remains a matter of great debate. the debate over animal rights involves many different questions. is eating meat morally permissible?1 can hunting be justified?2 Do sentient ani-mals deserve greater consideration than non-sentient human beings? this ...
Chapter Three: Equal Dignity and Equal Access to Fertility Treatments
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...if all human beings have intrinsic dignity, this dignity extends to the very beginnings of human life and the procreation of human life it-self. For this reason and others, the ethical response to infertility, includ-ing the risks of iVF to women and children,1 remains a topic of much discussion.2 An important contribution was published in 2009 by the ...
Chapter Four: Procreative Beneficence
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...bad name and was widely viewed as incompatible with human dignity, but recent ethicists have sought to rehabilitate eugenics in a non-racist, non-totalitarian form. Do we have a duty to choose children whose ge-netic endowments would predispose them to have the best life? Julian Savulescu is perhaps the most articulate and prolific defender of an affir-...
Chapter Five: Embryo Adoption and Artificial Wombs
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...being, disputes persist about whether the use of artificial wombs or the adoption of an embryo into a donor womb is permissible. in this chapter, i will offer a tentative assessment of the ethics of both embryo adoption (heterologous embryo transfer, or het) and the use of an artificial uterus, taking into account currently articulated catholic teaching. While ...
Chapter Six: The Ethics of Ectopic Pregnancy
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...if all human beings, including those in utero, deserve to be re-spected and treated with the human dignity accorded to every person, how then should cases of ectopic pregnancy be treated? Among those who accept that all human beings deserve equal human rights, there re-mains a lively debate about how to handle such cases. extrauterine or ec-...
Chapter Seven: The Ethics of Fetal Surgery
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...chapter, i would like to consider only three. is the fetal human being a “patient,” and if so, under what conditions? Why does the “reduction” of a twin pregnancy to one baby cause such difficulty for defenders of abor-tion? is it morally permissible to prevent a dying fetal twin from bringing about the death or serious injury of a healthy fetal twin by means of um-...
Chapter Eight: The Violinist Argument Revisited
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...human dignity of an unborn human being yet still justifies abortion. the argument begins with the picture of someone who wakes up to find him-self hooked up as a source of life support for a famous violinist. it is held that he is justified in unplugging himself from the violinist, even though the violinist is a person. the analogy is then extended to the case of a ...
Chapter Nine: Faith, Reason, and Physician-Assisted Suicide
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...around the beginning of life and end of life. earlier chapters have ad-dressed several beginning-of-life issues, and the next three chapters ad-dress end-of-life issues. this chapter addresses two challenges to the view that suicide (including physician-assisted suicide) is ethically impermis-sible, a violation of the dignity of the human person and natural law. ...
Chapter Ten: PVS Patients and Pope John Paul II
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...ministered nutrition and hydration (ANh) from patients in permanent coma, post-coma unresponsiveness, or what is commonly but somewhat pejoratively called persistent vegetative state (PVS). A PVS state may be permanent and irreversible, or it may be temporary. Although the case of teri Schindler Schiavo brought this condition to national attention, these ...
Chapter Eleven: Organ Donation after Cardiac Death
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...heart-beating donation (NhBD) or non-heart-beating cadaveric dona-tion (NhBcD), remains an issue of both ethical and practical interest, in part due to the increasing demand for viable organs. “the greatly en-hanced technical ability to transplant organs has also led to an ever- increasing need for transplantable organs. the explosive growth in the ...
Chapter Twelve: Conscience Protection and the Incompatibility Thesis
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An operating-room nurse arrives at her weekend call shift. it is carlo comes to her assignment desk just as she has countless times in her five years at the hospital. But this morning is different. cathy is assigned to circulate in a room where a twenty-two-week “D&e” promptly calls for clarification, noting that the hospital has known ...
Chapter Thirteen: Conscientious Objection and Health Care
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...in several articles,1 Bernard Dickens argues in favor of reducing or eliminating legal protection(s) for conscientiously objecting health-care workers and institutions. this chapter examines his arguments that (1) appeals to discrimination as a basis for conscientious objection are il-legitimate, (2) conscientious objection undermines patients’ rights and ...
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Page Count: 216
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Notre Dame Studies in Medical Ethics
Series Editor Byline: David Solomon, series editor