God as Reason
Essays in Philosophical Theology
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Notre Dame Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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Philosophy and Christianity are both based on a special relationship to the Logos, that is, Reason, and yet they have often been inimical to each other. The deepest cause is that both have absolute claims to defend, and a plurality of absolute claims inevitably causes difficulties, if they contra-dict each other. Perhaps it is a wise solution to prev ent any such con-...
Chapter 1: The Idea of a Rationalistic Philosophy of Religion and Its Challenges
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One of the most important intellectual changes that has occurred within the Catholic Church in the last decades is the shift away from fideism toward rationalismâor, to be more precise , and to use comparati ve rather than classificatory concepts, a move from a more fideistic to a more rationalistic stance.1 For there is no sharp demarcation but rather a ...
Chapter 2: Why Teleological Principles Are Inevitable for Reason
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One of the most amiable characteristics of Charles Darwin is doubtless his modesty. In his Autobiography, which was begun in 1876 and continued to receive additions until 1882, he sincerely avers that his work has been âover and over again greatly overpraisedâ1 and never claims to be particu-larly talented in metaphysical matters: âMy power to follow a long and ...
Chapter 3: Theodicy Strategies in Leibniz, Hegel, Jonas
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Much has been written about the moral, political, and social impor t of religion; even critical intellectuals easily and quickly agree about that. But presumably the theoretical relevance of religion is not inferior to its prac-tical significance. By advocating propositions that appear counterintui-tive, it has forced the human mind to assume a perspective on reality that ...
Chapter 4: Rationalism, Determinism, Freedom
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An excellent book about determinism ends with the following advice: âAs a practical âsolutionâ I recommend the ostrich tactic: donât think too closely or too long on the issues raised here , and in daily life continue with the presumption that the âIâ that chooses and the self to which we attach value judgments are autonomous. Let those who want to call ...
Chapter 5:Encephalius: A Conversation about the Mind-Body Problem
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Philonous: Theophilus, what are you thinking about? To be sure, I can tell by your facial expression that y ou are concentrating intently and medi tating on something difficult, but I cannot discover the content of your thoughts. Only you have immediate access to that content, and it is up to your free will alone whether you want to share it with us. ...
Chapter 6: Religion, Theology, Philosophy
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In our age, a fresh contemplation of the relation between theology and philosophy is perhaps more urgent than ever. The manifest crisis Chris-tian theology has been laboring under for several decades now is partly a result of the upheavals that the concept of philosophy underwent in the late nineteenth century, which have exerted not always an immediate and ...
A Rationalist’s Tradition: Interpretations of Classical Texts
Chapter 7: Philosophy and the Interpretation of the Bible
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One can hardly deny that hermeneutics is one of the basic disciplines of philosophy. Philosophers deal not only (or at least ought not to deal only) with texts and other entities in need of interpretation, such as lectures or discussions at conferences, but certainly they dedicate to them a v ery great amount of their time. Partly they are the direct object of their ef-...
Chapter 8: To What Extent Is the Concept of Spirit (Geist) in German Idealism a Legitimate Heir to the Concept of Spirit (Pneuma) in the New Testament?
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Theology has a peculiar status within the theory of science. On the one hand it is, as its name says, not just a human science (Geisteswissenschaft) dealing with the reconstruction of beliefs, for its theme is God himself. Its concern is not primarily of a hermeneutic-historical kind: it cannot, in contrast to the scientific study of religion, be satisfied with an investiga-...
Chapter 9: Reasons, Emotions, and God’s Presence in Anselm of Canterbury’s Dialogue Cur Deus homo
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One of the most important results of the historiography of medieval philosophy in the twentieth century was the rejection of the monolithic image that the neo-scholastic revival of medieval thought had favored in the late nineteenth century. One of the reasons medieval philosophy is an important epoch in the history of philosophy is precisely that it con-...
Chapter 10: Interreligious Dialogues during the Middle Ages and Early Modernity
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One of the defining features of religiosity in the contemporary world is the fact that almost ev ery religious person is confronted, already in his immediate life-world, with a plurality of religious offers. This is one of the necessary consequences of globalizationâthe expansion of our historical and geographical horizon, the mixing of people through mi-...
Chapter 11: Platonism and Anti-Platonism in Nicholas of Cusa’s Philosophy of Mathematics
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One of the reasons Cusanus so deeply fascinates the historians both of ideas and of philosophy in our time consists certainly in the fact that he can be regarded as a Janus-faced thinker, whose thought simultaneously completes medieval philosophy and anticipates central ideas of modern philosophy and science .1 Traditional scholastic thought, Raim undus ...
Chapter 12: Can Abraham Be Saved? And: Can Kierkegaard Be Saved?
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In this chapter I attempt to answer two questions that appear to stand in tension with one another. First, can Abraham be saved? This question is posed by SÃ¸ren Kierkegaard with gripping intensity, and insofar as I take it up again, I at least recognize that the question must be asked, and that Kierkegaard demonstrates his greatness in asking it. On the other hand, ...
Chapter 13: A Metaphysical History of Atheism
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Charles Taylorâs most recent book, pithily entitled A Secular Age,1 which grew out of the Gifford Lectures of 1999, can in many ways be consid-ered a synthesis of his extensive oeuvre: his outstanding methodology in the history of ideas, trained in Georg Wilhelm F riedrich Hegelâs phe-nomenological approach, is connected with his v aluable reflections on ...
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...1. âThe Idea of a Rationalistic Philosophy of Religion and Its Challenges,â Jahrbuch fÃ¼r Religionsphilosophie 6 (2007): 159â81; German translation: Wiener 2. âWhy Teleological Principles Are Inevitable for Reason: Natural Theology after Darwin,â in Biological Evolution: Facts and Theories, ed. G. Auletta, M. LeClerc, and R. A. Martinez (Roma: Gregorian & Biblical Press, 2011), 433â60; Ger-...
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Page Count: 416
Publication Year: 2013
Series Editor Byline: John Smith, Will Wordsworth