Power and Regionalism in Latin America
The Politics of MERCOSUR
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Notre Dame Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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List of Tables
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List of Figures
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List of Abbreviations
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Chapter One: Introduction
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Regions have gained centrality in the post–September 11 international system. As a result, students of international and comparative politics have turned to the growing role of emerging regional powers, such as Russia, China, India, and Brazil, in the face of the alleged decline in American hegemony. But what exactly is the role of these regional powers...
Chapter Two: Patterns of Conflict and Cooperation in the Southern Cone
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A puzzling combination of conflict and cooperation has characterized Argentine-Brazilian commercial and diplomatic relations since the 1990s. What explains these erratic and unsteady dynamics of regional cooperation? In answering this question, we will consider four competing theoretical approaches to regional cooperation, which focus, respectively,...
Chapter Three: Systemic Incentives, Domestic Constraints, and Regional Cooperation
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This chapter presents a theoretical framework that explains the erratic patterns of conflict and cooperation characterizing the evolution of regionalism in the Southern Cone. In line with neoclassical realist explanations in International Relations (IR), the approach developed here emphasizes the complex ways in which systemic incentives and domestic political ...
Chapter Four: The Automobile Sector Crisis
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The automobile sector has been a recurrent source of commercial friction between Argentina and Brazil since the creation of MERCOSUR. In 1991, the car industry was excluded from the program of automatic tariff liberalization established by the Treaty of Asunción and placed under a special regime of managed trade. Four years later, when MERCOSUR was launched as a customs union, Argentina and Brazil agreed to postpone ...
Chapter Five: The Footwear Industry Dispute
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The devaluation of the Brazilian currency in January 1999 marked the beginning of a highly conflictive period in the Southern Cone. For the next year and a half, Argentina and Brazil were almost continuously involved in commercial disputes, triggered by recurrent unilateral restrictions on intraregional trade. The highest peak of tension between the...
Chapter Six: Failure to Relaunch
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After more than a year of ongoing tension, Brazil and Argentina agreed in 2000 to “relaunch” MERCOSUR. Together with their two smaller partners, Uruguay and Paraguay, they pledged to work jointly in the resolution of sectoral disputes and in the completion of the customs union. Yet in the first quarter of 2001 commercial and diplomatic friction ...
Chapter Seven: A Narrow Escape
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Despite seemingly improved prospects for regional cooperation, commercial tension between Argentina and Brazil resurfaced after 2003, in the aftermath of the Argentine crisis. During this period, however, MERCOSUR partners adopted a more diplomatic and cooperative approach in dealing with trade friction. Instead of automatically resorting ...
Chapter Eight: Conclusions
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In previous chapters, I have argued that the erratic and unstable patterns of regional cooperation in the Southern Cone have reflected the tension and interaction between systemic power-related incentives and domestic political factors. MERCOSUR’s evolution and survival have been shaped in important ways by overlapping asymmetries of power within and...
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Page Count: 296
Illustrations: 8 line drawings; 25 tables
Publication Year: 2013