The Costs of Justice
How New Leaders Respond to Previous Rights Abuses
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: University of Notre Dame Press
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The dramatic end of the Cold War in the late 1980s marked a fascinating twist in the study of transitional justice, those responses to a former regime’s repressive acts following a change in political...
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In this chapter, I explore the rationale for justice and theoretical arguments designed to explain under what conditions new regimes choose particular justice policies. It is worth prefacing this chapter with a reminder of my definition of transitional justice: a new or nominally new....
2.The Justice Spectrum
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In this chapter, I discuss methodological problems that currently hinder us from effectively analyzing key determinants of justice policies, and propose a new tool to help us overcome these problems. More specifically, I argue that underspecification of the dependent...
3. The Peculiarities of Postcommunist Justice
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This book evaluates seven frequently utilized mechanisms of justice but purposely omits one mechanism particular to postcommunist countries: lustration. I have not included lustration for several reasons. Perhaps most important, many observers have expressed...
4. The Method of Study
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This book relies on a case study approach, using interview and archival data from four diverse postcommunist countries to explore the central research question. This study stands out in several respects,...
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In 1989, following negotiations between members of the Communist Party and the Solidarity opposition movement, Poland became the first Eastern Bloc country to abandon communism. Between the 1989...
6. Serbia and Montenegro
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Unlike their Polish counterparts, Serbia’s democratic opposition emerged in 2000 not merely from a half-century of communist rule and a decade of economic decline, but also from a series of 1990s wars that amounted to the bloodiest conflict in post-1945 Europe...
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Croatian pro-democracy political leaders who won power in late 1999 faced transitional justice challenges very similar to those of their one-time “brothers” in Serbia. Croatia had been a part of Yugoslavia since the end of World War II (and a component of the Kingdom...
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Whereas new elites took power in Poland, Serbia, and Croatia, they were incarcerated, exiled, or murdered in Uzbekistan. This was not, however, a foregone conclusion early in the process of transformation. As a Soviet republic, Uzbekistan’s communist leadership...
9. Transitional Justice in a Cross-National Perspective
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Polish demonstrator Joanna Lenartowicz, Bosnian mayor Muhamed Čehajić, and Uzbek human rights activist Shovruk Ruzimuradov lived in three worlds that at first glance appear to be far removed. These worlds violently collided when Lenartowicz was fatally beaten...
10. Reassessing How We Think about Justice
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In many ways, transitional justice has over the past half century proved to be a misnomer. Most obviously, increased international attention has made it an ever-more permanent fixture in the international human rights regime. The rise of the International Criminal Court...
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Page Count: 368
Publication Year: 2010