Rawlsian Political Analysis
Rethinking the Microfoundations of Social Science
Publication Year: 2012
In Rawlsian Political Analysis: Rethinking the Microfoundations of Social Science, Paul Clements develops a new, morally grounded model of political and social analysis as a critique of and improvement on both neoclassical economics and rational choice theory. What if practical reason is based not only on interests and ideas of the good, as these theories have it, but also on principles and sentiments of right? The answer, Clements argues, requires a radical reorientation of social science from the idea of interests to the idea of social justice.
Published by: University of Notre Dame Press
Title Page, Copyright
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I am particularly grateful to Emily Hauptmann for working with me on earlier stages of this project, for collaborating on the critique of rational choice theory, and for friendship and support throughout. Peter . . .
Chapter One: Introduction: Why Rawlsian Political Analysis?
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Good and bad and right and wrong are our most fundamental moral concepts. We are instructed from early childhood to “be good,” we want what is good for ourselves and for our families and friends, and . . .
Chapter Two: The Cognition of Principles and the Role of Rawlsian Political Analysis
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This chapter aims to secure the place of principles as coequal with interests in the microfoundations of political analysis, and to consider how this recasts the role of political analysis. In order to do these . . .
Chapter Three: The Analytic Limits of Rational Choice Theory
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From a Rawlsian perspective, rational choice theory has two kinds of analytic limits. First, it has limits as a positive theory, because it fails to account for patterns and dynamics associated with the reasonable, . . .
Chapter Four: Program Analysis of the Grameen Bank
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Program analysis aims to support cost-effective allocations of resources by public agencies, such as governments, international development agencies, and nonprofit organizations. From the perspective of an . . .
Chapter Five: Political Analysis of Problems in Bihar
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This chapter presents Rawlsian political analysis by employing it to explain the causes of economic and social problems in the Indian state of Bihar.2 It illustrates the distinctive character of Rawlsian political . . .
Chapter Six: The Ethics and the Politics of Climate Change
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To explain the causes for a region’s poverty, as chapter 5 attempts for Bihar, Rawlsian analysis inevitably turns to political history. To address the ethics of an emerging social problem not contained within . . .
Chapter Seven: Kantian Ontology of Practical Reason and Social Science
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If our social world is constructed substantially from principles, it follows that social analysis cannot be merely empirical. The social world remains part of our natural world, and we cannot conceive of it . . .
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About the Author
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Page Count: 264
Publication Year: 2012