Catechism and Primary Education in Early Modern France
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: University of Notre Dame Press
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One of the most interesting questions in the study of religion centers around belief: why do adherents of a particular religious confession believe what they believe? For the early modern period in France, this question has often led historians to matters of religious conversion...
Chapter 1: The Science of Salvation
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Bishop Bégon of the diocese of Toul was just one of several early modern French bishops to refer to a knowledge of Christian truths as a science. For example, a bishop of Saint-Claude described his newly revised catechism as the “science of salvation” and emphasized that any child who...
Chapter 2: The Catechetical Method
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By the end of the seventeenth century, efforts to reform the Catholic Church were well under way in most French dioceses. Bishops were more committed to residing in their dioceses and overseeing both administrative and spiritual affairs. Accordingly, many bishops dedicated themselves...
Chapter 3: The Cur� and the Catechism
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When Bishop Félix Vialart de Herse of Châlons-sur-Marne issued a catechism for his diocese in 1660, he outlined his views of the Catholic Reformation in his introductory ordinance. He described the Catholic Church as a “bonne Mère” and the spouse of Christ, whose goal was the eternal...
Chapter 4: The Village Schoolmaster
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At the end of the seventeenth century in the diocese of Reims, two clergymen shared jurisdiction over the teachers of the petites �coles: the archbishop and the �col�tre (one of the cathedral canons). By virtue of his benefice, the �col�tre had the right to both approve and dismiss village schoolmasters...
Chapter 5: Boys and Girls at School
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As part of his effort to combat Protestantism after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, Louis XIV issued an edict requiring every parish in the kingdom to establish primary schools where all French boys and girls could learn to read, write, and recite their catechism:...
Chapter 6: Learning to Read, Write, and Recite
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Students in the petites �coles were expected to learn to read, write, and recite their catechism and to practice Christian morals and behavior. These are the skills that Louis XIV emphasized in his 1698 edict, and the bishops and village notables who hired schoolmasters for their communities had similar aims as well. The potential for the existence of...
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In 1695 a peasant boy named Valentin Jamerey-Duval was born and baptized in the village of Arthonnay, in what is today the department of the Yonne. Valentin spent the early years of his life in abject poverty—his mother, a widow, could barely eke out a living for her family, and when she...
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Page Count: 328
Publication Year: 2011