Catechism and Primary Education in Early Modern France
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: University of Notre Dame Press
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One of the most interesting questions in the study of religion centers around belief: why do adherents of a particular religious confession believe what they believe? For the early modern period in France, this question has often led historians to matters of religious conversion...
Chapter 1: The Science of Salvation
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Bishop BÃ©gon of the diocese of Toul was just one of several early modern French bishops to refer to a knowledge of Christian truths as a science. For example, a bishop of Saint-Claude described his newly revised catechism as the âscience of salvationâ and emphasized that any child who...
Chapter 2: The Catechetical Method
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By the end of the seventeenth century, efforts to reform the Catholic Church were well under way in most French dioceses. Bishops were more committed to residing in their dioceses and overseeing both administrative and spiritual affairs. Accordingly, many bishops dedicated themselves...
Chapter 3: The Cur
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When Bishop FÃ©lix Vialart de Herse of ChÃ¢lons-sur-Marne issued a catechism for his diocese in 1660, he outlined his views of the Catholic Reformation in his introductory ordinance. He described the Catholic Church as a âbonne MÃ¨reâ and the spouse of Christ, whose goal was the eternal...
Chapter 4: The Village Schoolmaster
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At the end of the seventeenth century in the diocese of Reims, two clergymen shared jurisdiction over the teachers of the petites
Chapter 5: Boys and Girls at School
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As part of his effort to combat Protestantism after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, Louis XIV issued an edict requiring every parish in the kingdom to establish primary schools where all French boys and girls could learn to read, write, and recite their catechism:...
Chapter 6: Learning to Read, Write, and Recite
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Students in the petites
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In 1695 a peasant boy named Valentin Jamerey-Duval was born and baptized in the village of Arthonnay, in what is today the department of the Yonne. Valentin spent the early years of his life in abject povertyâhis mother, a widow, could barely eke out a living for her family, and when she...
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Page Count: 328
Publication Year: 2011