Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: The MIT Press
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The Ernst Strüngmann Forum
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Founded on the tenets of scientifi c independence and the inquisitive nature of the human mind, the Ernst Strüngmann Forum is dedicated to the continual expansion of knowledge. Through its innovative communication process, the Ernst Strüngmann Forum provides a creative environment within which experts...
List of Contributors
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The Ernst Strüngmann Forum is, in its unique format, a setting that fosters an optimal environment for creative scientific inquiry and dialog. Indeed, the idea for this book grew out of interactions at the fourth Ernst Strüngmann Forum, “Linkages of Sustainability” (Graedel and van de Voet 2008), to which...
1. Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era: An Introduction
Karen C. Seto and Anette Reenberg
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Be it conserving forests for biodiversity, preserving farmland for agricultural production, or halting urban sprawl, land issues are emerging as central to geopolitics, economics, globalization, human well-being, and environmental sustainability. With a projected 9 billion people on the planet by the middle...
2. Trends in Global Land-Use Competition
Eric F. Lambin and Patrick Meyfroidt
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Despite a continuous increase in the productivity of agriculture and forestry, the pressure to convert natural ecosystems remains high. Human population growth and increases in per capita consumption of material goods is expected to continue to lead to a growing demand for commodities produced from the...
3. Food Production and Land Use
Peter J. Gregory and John S. I. Ingram
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A key challenge facing humanity is how a future global population of another 2–3 billion over the next 50 years can all be fed nutritionally and healthily, thereby delivering food security for all. This chapter examines the interactions between the production of food from crops, crop yield, and the land area...
4. Finite Land Resources and Competition
Helmut Haberl, Cheikh Mbow, Xiangzheng Deng, Elena G. Irwin, Suzi Kerr, Tobias Kuemmerle, Ole Mertz, Patrick Meyfroidt, and B. L. Turner II
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Competition for land is emerging as a globally pressing issue due to the sheer scale of global demand for land-based products and critical changes in processes of society-nature interaction that affect land use. The potential magnitude of the changes to the land surface of Earth that result from this increased competition...
5. Land-Use Competition between Food Production and Urban Expansion in China
Xiangzheng Deng, Yingzhi Lin, and Karen C. Seto
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For over thirty years, China has experienced a period of rapid economic growth and is gradually transitioning to a stage of sustained, stable, and integrated economic and social development. In this stage, land use for food production and urbanization often conflicts with each other, causing new phenomena to occur...
Distal Land Connections
6. Globalization, Economic Flows, and Land-Use Transitions
Peter J. Marcotullio
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This chapter has several goals. First, it reviews trends in globalization or the constellation of events, processes, and linkages that have created “transplanetary and supra- territorial connections between people” (Scholte 2005:8) resulting in a “widening, deepening and speeding up of cross-border interconnectedness
7. Applications of the Telecoupling Framework to Land-Change Science
Jianguo Liu, Vanessa Hull, Emilio Moran, Harini Nagendra, Simon R. Swaffi eld, and B. L. Turner II
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Over the past two decades, many advances have been made in understanding and predicting land-use dynamics at a global scale (Turner et al. 2007). In particular, land-use change has been extensively studied using systems frameworks, such as coupled human-natural systems (McConnell et al. 2011...
8. Significance of Telecoupling for Exploration of Land-Use Change
Hallie Eakin, Ruth DeFries, Suzi Kerr, Eric F. Lambin, Jianguo Liu, Peter J. Marcotullio, Peter Messerli, Anette Reenberg, Ximena Rueda, Simon R. Swaffi eld, Birka Wicke, and Karl Zimmerer
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Over the last decade, connectivity between processes of land change and actors, decisions, and activities has accelerated across geographically distant places. The 2007–2008 global food crisis, the expansion of biofuel production, and the global emergence of niche and “green” markets have had widespread and often...
9. Palm Oil as a Case Study of Distal Land Connections
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Immense increases in palm oil production in Southeast Asia, particularly in Indonesia and Malaysia, have come hand in hand with environmental, ecological, and social issues, mainly related to the land-use change (LUC) associated with the large areal expansion of palm oil production. Palm oil production has...
Decision Making, Governance, and Institutions
10. Emergent Global Land Governance
Matias E. Margulis
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Compared to past decades, land occupies a significantly higher profile in current governance deliberations at the global level. Driving this has been concern over large-scale acquisitions of agricultural land, which itself is part of the broader global phenomenon known as “land grabbing...
11. Large-Scale Land Transactions: Actors, Agency, Interactions
Carol A. Hunsberger, Saturnino M. Borras Jr., Jennifer C. Franco, and Wang Chunyu
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In recent years there has been an explosion of new land deals and land deal-making, raising questions about how these processes and outcomes can be understood and their implications for the governance of land resources. In this chapter we aim to contribute to the ongoing discussion by focusing attention...
12. Private Market-Based Regulations: What They Are, and What They Mean for Land-Use Governance
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Private market-based regulations (hereafter private regulations) are becoming prevalent features of governance across economic sectors. Their significance and potential import as governance mechanisms which operate alongside or in complement to governmental processes and rules has spurred a great deal of...
13. Changes in Land-Use Governance in an Urban Era
Bradford S. Gentry, Thomas Sikor, Graeme Auld, Anthony J. Bebbington, Tor A. Benjaminsen, Carol A. Hunsberger, Anne-Marie Izac, Matias E. Margulis, Tobias Plieninger, Heike Schroeder, and Caroline Upton
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Land use is undergoing fundamental transformations worldwide (see Seto and Reenberg, this volume). It is becoming a global issue in that land-use changes in particular places tend to originate from distant locations or are driven by actors operating around the world. As a result, new global-level governance initiatives...
Urbanization and Land Use
14. Range of Contemporary Urban Patterns and Processes
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To provide a theoretical background to the issues of global land use, this chapter reviews and reflects on major contemporary urban patterns and processes. Historically, urbanization has been represented by six characteristics: density of population, durable built environments, governance, specialized economic activities...
15. How Is Urban Land Use Unique?
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There is no consensus as to what defines a city or an urban area, but a commonly accepted definition stipulates that cities are large and permanent settlements characterized by high population densities and complex supply systems for housing, business, transportation, sanitation, and utilities (Jenks and Dempsey...
16. Reconceptualizing Land for Sustainable Urbanity
Christopher G. Boone, Charles L. Redman, Hilda Blanco, Dagmar Haase, Jennifer Koch, Shuaib Lwasa, Harini Nagendra, Stephan Pauleit, Steward T. A. Pickett, Karen C. Seto, and Makoto Yokohari
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Standard urban-rural land classification systems are insufficient for analytical or planning purposes. The delineation of Earth’s surface into discrete categories of land covers (e.g., forest, rural) and uses (e.g., recreation, agriculture) ignores the multiple functions those areas may provide and the movement of...
17. Ways Forward to Explore Sustainable Land Use in an Urbanizing World
Anette Reenberg and Karen C. Seto
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Our original ambition for this Ernst Strüngmann Forum was to refine existing and develop new perspectives to address and better understand the challenges and opportunities for sustainable land use in the 21st century. Whereas sustainable land use is often considered to be a global issue, urban land use is often...
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Page Count: 408
Publication Year: 2014
Series Title: Strüngmann Forum Reports