Research Misconduct Policy in Biomedicine
Beyond the Bad-Apple Approach
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The MIT Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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...arly manuscripts, state-of-the-art reference works, and textbooks. genetics and biotechnology, end-of-life care, health and social ...
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...over the past thirty years, remains largely untested as to whether in current public policy, all attention is on those individuals research; they can help it to build trust in its conduct and the that individuals are able to control both the risk factors they is that a fair and effective policy must reflect both the context ...
1 Has Something Important Happened to Scientific Ethics?
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...decades raises a question — does this situation represent a dete-rioration of ethical standards or a decline in the ability of the the “ old system ” and the ideas that guided it? Are they viable tural conditions in science, and society ’ s unrealistic expecta-It started with Robert K. Merton ’ s “ ethos of science ” (1942) ...
2 Will Approaches from the Psychosocial and Organizational Sciences Improve Research Misconduct Regulation?
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...duct. For example, they have found clear evidence that at least which science is practiced can weaken the restraining influence of a researcher ’ s moral identity, even when it is highly devel-misconduct regulations, institutions are required only to follow duct. They aren ’ t required to provide ethical education (other ...
3 What Combination of Regulatory Tools Will Minimize Research Misconduct?
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Like other areas of research ethics, research misconduct policy of regulatory theory makes plain, there are alternatives to the The history of the Office of Scientific Integrity (OSI), estab-lished in 1989 at the National Institutes of Health, along with its oversight Office of Scientific Integrity Review (OSIR) in the ...
4 Are Current Publication Standards Protecting the Integrity of the Scientific Record?
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...efforts of publishers and editors, however, are greatly limited Although they have evolved over the years, journal publication oped authorship criteria, attempting to prevent future instances Hendrik Sch ö n case, nearly twenty years later, even though at were found to contain falsified data, only Sch ö n was found to ...
5 Lessons from Clinical Case Studies in Research Misconduct
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...there is still a general sense that such infrastructures may not frequently precipitates a reactive move. Can preventive measures such as education in the ethically responsible conduct of research Science and in general medical journals, although these reports, United States, publicly available information likely overreports ...
6 Research Misconduct Policy, Its Evolution and Culture of Morality
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...dence of our current policy ’ s effectiveness either in prevent-• Our current strategy for governing science entails highly ciently valid and reliable for society ’ s purposes. Although it • Disputes about the appropriate role of the public in science • Rethinking the autonomy of science requires reexamining ...
7 The Unity of Moral Science
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One can say that the challenge of “ moral science ” (i.e., pursuing science in a morally justified manner) is one that every generation — “ Moral Science: Protecting Participants in Human Subjects of interest — both explain underlying assumptions about research highlight research misconduct. But, as illustrated in the cases ...
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Peter A. Ubel, Pricing Life: Why It ’ s Time for Health Care Rationing Mark G. Kuczewski and Ronald Polansky, eds., Bioethics: Ancient Suzanne Holland, Karen Lebacqz, and Laurie Zoloth, eds., The Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy Gita Sen, Asha George, and Piroska Ö stlin, eds., Engendering Inter-...
Page Count: 208
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Basic Bioethics