Research Misconduct Policy in Biomedicine
Beyond the Bad-Apple Approach
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The MIT Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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...I am pleased to present the thirty-eighth book in the Basic Bioethics series. The series makes innovative works in bioethics available to a broad audience and introduces seminal scholarly manuscripts, state-of-the-art reference works, and textbooks. Topics engaged include the philosophy of medicine, advancing...
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...Public policy on research misconduct, which has developed contentiously in the United States and a few other countries over the past thirty years, remains largely untested as to whether it yields clearly specific outcomes; alternative policies that might reach those outcomes remain unexamined. Each widely publicized case of research misconduct creates a new scandal...
1 Has Something Important Happened to Scientific Ethics?
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...The persistence of research misconduct reported in recent decades raises a question — does this situation represent a deterioration of ethical standards or a decline in the ability of the scientific community to self-regulate? What has happened to the “ old system ” and the ideas that guided it? Are they viable...
2 Will Approaches from the Psychosocial and Organizational Sciences Improve Research Misconduct Regulation?
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...These sciences offer insights and suggest approaches not commonly incorporated into the regulation of research misconduct. For example, they have found clear evidence that at least some cases of research misconduct involve moral disengagement or self-deception, and that the social environment in...
3 What Combination of Regulatory Tools Will Minimize Research Misconduct?
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...Like other areas of research ethics, research misconduct policy has developed in response to egregious cases, each of which has shaped the ongoing evolution of the regulatory system and is recorded in the history of the Office of Research Integrity...
4 Are Current Publication Standards Protecting the Integrity of the Scientific Record?
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...Publication is an important end product of the research process, carrying significant rewards for the researchers and essential to the accumulation of scientific knowledge. At the same time, traditional mechanisms thought to control research misconduct, such as peer review and replication, are central...
5 Lessons from Clinical Case Studies in Research Misconduct
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...Although countries are building infrastructures to deter and manage research misconduct and to anticipate its consequences, there is still a general sense that such infrastructures may not be sufficient. Each reported scandal appears as a shock that...
6 Research Misconduct Policy, Its Evolution and Culture of Morality
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...Preceding chapters support the notion that our current treatment of research misconduct represents an early version of future regulatory policy, one that needs to further evolve. Although, at this time, countries around the world model their...
7 The Unity of Moral Science
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...This chapter places research misconduct and its regulation in the broader context of the principal goal of science and the framework of current science policy. It shows that parallels between the three domains of ethical research regulation — research misconduct, human subjects protection, and conflict...
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Page Count: 208
Publication Year: 2013