Distributed Morphology Today
Morphemes for Morris Halle
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The MIT Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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Morris, Distributed: An Introduction
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This Festschrift honors Morris Halle, on the occasion of his ninetieth birthday, for his many foundational and lasting contributions to our understanding of morphology. Morris projects such a giant presence in linguistics in general and in morphology specifically that we, as his students, felt we could only attempt to honor a small, particular chapter in his linguistic life, that of a ...
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1 Variability and Allomorphy in the Morphosyntax of Catalan Past Perfective
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The past perfective in Catalan illustrates a case of Labovian variability (Labov 1969 and related work) in that it shows up to three different forms (1): a syn-thetic form (S), spoken in some varieties of Valencian, Rossellonese, and Balearic Catalan (Majorcan and Ibizan) (1a); and two analytic forms, the standard (A1), which contains an inflected form historically derived from the ...
2 Phonological and Morphological Interaction in Proto-Indo-European Accentuation
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The reconstruction of the grammar of word accentuation in Proto-Indo-Euro-pean (PIE) has long been a central topic in historical linguistics, as well as the focus of a number of studies within generative phonology of the daughter languages that preserve relicts of the anterior system (Halle and Kiparsky 1977; Halle and Vergnaud 1987). Within traditional historical linguistics a ...
3 Agree and Fission in Georgian Plurals
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One of Morris Halle’s many lasting contributions to the study of morphology is his elaboration of a principled relationship between morphology and syntax. In particular, his work in Distributed Morphology argues that syntactic nodes provide the domains within which morphological disjunctivity obtains (Halle and Marantz 1993, 1994; Halle 1997a, inter alia). More specified Vocabulary ...
4 More or Better: On the Derivation of Synthetic Comparatives and Superlatives in English
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As illustrated in (1), English comparatives and superlatives can be synthetic, derived with the suffixes -er and -st, respectively, or analytic, requiring the freestanding morphemes more and most. While in some syntactic environ-ments, such as metalinguistic comparison (see Bresnan 1973 and Kennedy 1999, among others), only analytic forms are possible, generally only “short” ...
5 Is Word Structure Relevant for Stress Assignment?
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In this chapter, I compare two different positions as to the relevance of struc-ture when it comes to stress assignment in English derived words: the “classic derivational” and the optimality theory (OT hereafter) approach. The central issue is how to account for the preservation of stress (and vowel quality) in English affixation and whether the structure of derived words plays any role ...
6 Locality Domains for Contextual Allomorphy across the Interfaces
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The origins of Distributed Morphology can be traced to an argument Morris Halle and I had when I arrived (back) at MIT to teach in the fall of 1990. I came with “lexicalist” assumptions about morphology, as worked out for example in Lieber 1992—not the notion that words were built in the lexicon but rather the notion that lexical items, identified by their phonology, brought syntactic and ...
7 Cycles, Vocabulary Items, and Stem Forms in Hiaki
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The analysis of arbitrary morphological classes has a number of architectural implications in Distributed Morphology (Halle and Marantz 1993). There is no central repository of Saussurean ‘words’ in the framework—no sound-meaning pairings that are the building blocks for both phonological and semantic sentence-level representations. Instead, there are separate lists. One ...
8 “Not Plus” Isn’t “Not There”: Bivalence in Person, Number, and Gender
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Halle (1957) gives arguments for adopting binary features in phonetics and phonology, but this is unusual; the internal structure of features tends to be assumed rather than When he was young, Morris Halle taught himself to write backwards (as did I). His method involved decomposing letters into their constituent ascenders, descenders, loops, and humps, and mastering reversal just of this smaller set ...
9 Morphemes and Morphophonological Loci
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Some questions in linguistics have persisted through hosts of theoretical changes. The conflict between affixless and morpheme-based theories raises questions of this type. In its contemporary incarnation, at least two significant objections raised against affixless theories are that they (i) render the interface between syntax and morphology opaque, and (ii) have serious difficulties with the analy-...
10 Agreement in Two Steps (at Least)
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In many languages the elements of a DP agree with a head noun (nominal concord). This is illustrated in (1) with an example from Spanish, where there is gender and number concord with the head noun, which appears in However, concord seems to fail in many languages for some positions, a phenomenon that has been called lazy concord (see Haiman and Benincà 1992; ...
11 Suspension across Domains
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The notion of a cyclic derivation, defining (sub)domains in a grammatical derivation to which rules apply, dates from some of the earliest work in modern linguistics and is a recurring theme in the work of Morris Halle (see, famously, Chomsky and Halle 1968). In phonology, it is recognized that not all mor-pheme concatenation triggers cyclic rule application, but that certain mor-...
12 Contextual Neutralization and the Elsewhere Principle
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Against the setting of this book, our aim is to contextualize the present chapter within the background of developments in phonological and morphological theory of the last forty-odd years, largely those arising from contributions by Morris Halle and his collaborators. The notions of specificity-based competi-tion and blocking, with their indubitable Pa¯ ninian pedigree, found their way ...
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Page Count: 304
Publication Year: 2013