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Beyond Consensus

Improving Collaborative Planning and Management

Richard D. Margerum

Publication Year: 2011

An examination of how to move from consensus to implementation using collaborative approaches to natural resource management, urban planning, and environmental policy.

Published by: The MIT Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. vii-viii

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pp. ix-xiv

This book is based on over fifteen years of research on collaboration in natural resources, land use planning, social services, and transportation planning. Much of this work is drawn from case study research, because I believe that theories for guiding practice need to take into account the complexities of real-world settings (Yin 2009). ...

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pp. xv-xvi

There are many people to thank for their help over the many years of my research on collaboration. I deeply appreciate the mentorship of Dr. Stephen Born early in my research career. Steve first got me interested in complex interjurisdictional problems, stressed the politics of environmental management, ...

Part I: Introduction

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1. What Is Collaboration?

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pp. 3-18

There are places that you can easily fall in love with. Aimlessly floating down the Lower Wisconsin River past sandy beaches, you find yourself gazing up at the thickly forested hillsides. Your trance is only interrupted when your fellow canoeists find another sandy beach to stop at for a swim. ...

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2. Typologies for Collaboration

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pp. 19-46

The Long Tom Watershed Council is a collaborative stakeholder group working to improve the water quality and restore habitat across 410 square miles in western Oregon. The group is led by a twelve-member steering committee, which is composed of a cross section of people with interests in the watershed. ...

Part II: Consensus Building

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3. Convening Collaboratives

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pp. 49-82

Every collaborative has a story. Sometimes it is a story about conflict and controversy. At other times it is a story about a new vision for an old problem. And sometimes it is a story about a leader going around to meet with others and seek out their participation in a new way to address old problems. ...

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4. Stakeholder Deliberation and Public Participation

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pp. 83-116

On a warm, sunny morning in April 2006, the Southern Willamette Groundwater Management Advisory Committee—affectionately known as the “gwa-ma”—was hurriedly trying to wrap up its business. The committee included a cross section of elected officials, community members, businesspeople, ...

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5. High-Quality Collaboration Products

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pp. 117-142

In 1994, the state of Queensland finalized the Regional Framework for Growth Management—a regional plan developed collaboratively by state agencies and eighteen local governments. The initiative grew out of concerns about the impacts of rapid growth, including the loss of open space due to development. ...

Part III: Beyond Consensus

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6. Sustaining Collaboratives

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pp. 145-180

This book focuses on collaborative efforts that involve ongoing implementation with adaptation based on feedback. The form of these ongoing collaboratives will vary. Some are community-based entities that depend entirely on volunteers. Some collaboratives are associations or nonprofit organizations with employees. ...

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7. Producing Results through Social Networks

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pp. 181-206

On numerous occasions when I have met with collaboratives working in a community, they have cited the importance of social networks for implementing their work. The first time I noticed the role of these networks was in 1995, when I was visiting a streambank restoration project with a catchment coordinator in Queensland. ...

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8. Producing Results through Interorganizational Networks

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pp. 207-234

In the 1990s when I was working with the Wisconsin DNR, one of our administrator’s goals was to improve support for the collaborative activities of the agency (Besadny 1991; Margerum 1995b).1 The department was a large agency responsible for both resource management (e.g., forests, water resources, and parks) ...

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9. Producing Results through Political Networks

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pp. 235-256

During 2008–2009, several prominent collaborative efforts that I had been following faced dramatic turning points. In the Murray Darling basin, continued degradation and drought led to a significant shift in management from a collaborative model to a regional agency with new powers. ...

Part IV: Synthesis

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10. The Translation to Practice

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pp. 259-288

As a researcher who has often had one foot in academia and another in professional work, I have been interested in the interaction between theory and practice. Theory provides an important perspective that doesn’t fully explain practice but instead can supply a critical lens that allows practitioners to critique, analyze, and improve their work. ...

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11. The Future of Collaboration

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pp. 289-306

During my year as a visiting researcher in Brisbane, I sat at a desk overlooking a courtyard lined with palm trees. This subtropical climate has been one of the factors leading to more than twenty years of substantial growth in South East Queensland. Yet the climate in the region didn’t seem very subtropical during my stay. ...

Appendix: Research Methods

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pp. 307-322


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pp. 323-332


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pp. 333-358


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pp. 359-395

E-ISBN-13: 9780262298605
Print-ISBN-13: 9780262015813

Page Count: 416
Publication Year: 2011