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Coming Clean

Information Disclosure and Environmental Performance

Michael E. Kraft, Mark Stephan, and Troy D. Abel

Publication Year: 2011

Coming Clean is the first book to investigate the process of information disclosure as a policy strategy for environmental protection.

Published by: The MIT Press

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. iii-iv


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p. v-v

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Series Foreword

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pp. vii-x

The numerous illegal activities by leaders of some of America ’ s largest corporations at the turn of the century undermined the trust and confidence the public had in private firms and the ability of corporations to promote social responsibility was understandably questioned. More ...

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Preface and Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiv

Business today clearly takes its environmental performance far more seriously than it did over the past several decades. Corporate managers increasingly understand that a positive environmental record matters to the public and to shareholders, and as a consequence many tout the green ...

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1. Information Disclosure and Environmental Performance

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pp. 1-22

By all accounts, industrial corporations today take their environmental performance seriously. Increasingly, corporate managers believe that people care about the way companies affect the environment, and they recognize the need to show due regard for the health of the communities ...

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2. How Does Information Disclosure Work?

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pp. 23-52

In the earliest years of the TRI program, as information about chemical releases became public, many of the nation’s leading corporations prominently proclaimed their dedication to reducing those releases substantially. Some of the largest companies confessed that they had no idea ...

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3. Reducing Toxic Releases and Community Risks

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pp. 53-82

One of the most striking developments upon the implementation of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) and release of the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) was the flurry of announcements from major corporations suddenly attuned to new public expectations ...

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4. States of Green

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pp. 83-118

Any review of TRI data since the program’s first public report in 1988 leads to an inescapable conclusion of substantial progress over time. As we recounted in chapters 1 and 3, reductions in overall releases of toxic chemicals by the nation’s manufacturing industries have been truly ...

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5. Facility-Level Perspectives on the TRI and Environmental Performance

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pp. 119-152

As is true of most environmental programs, progress within the TRI program is in the eye of the beholder. As the opening quotations from our respondents indicate, variation in perceptions of the program and related efforts at pollution control and prevention is common. In addition ...

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6. Environmental Leaders and Laggards

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pp. 153-176

The findings presented in chapter 5 leave us with at least one clear conclusion: variation is both a hallmark of environmental performance at facilities and a key signpost of the differing opinions about the TRI program, the nature of toxic chemical management, and the extent of ...

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7. Conclusions and Policy Implications

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pp. 177-202

The 2009 TRI Public Data Release reported the release of 4.1 billion pounds of toxic chemicals in the United States. This represented a drop of 5 percent from the previous year and reflected a continuing trend of decreasing releases as a result of pollution prevention, changes in industrial ...


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pp. 203-220


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pp. 221-240


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pp. 241-249

E-ISBN-13: 9780262295208
Print-ISBN-13: 9780262014953

Page Count: 264
Publication Year: 2011