Publication Year: 2010
Published by: The MIT Press
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Title Page, Series Page, Copyright
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When we began the research for this book in 2007, food justice was still a relatively obscure term.“ What is food justice?” we’d constantly be asked.“ Who's involved?” “How do you define it?” Just a few years later, although definitions still tend to vary, the use of the term itself is more prevalent, even while identifying different approaches. What connects...
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I am pleased to present the fifth book in the Food, Health, and the Environment series. This series explores the global and local dimensions of food systems and examines issues of access, justice, and environmental and community well-being. It includes books that focus on the way food is grown, processed, manufactured, distributed, sold, and consumed. ...
Introduction: Taking Root
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A year had passed since Hurricane Katrina. Most schools in New Orleans had been destroyed or damaged and had only begun to reopen in 2006. As the rebuilding efforts got under way, education emerged as a critical issue, since the schools had been in such poor shape even before the hurricane. New Orleans residents talked of turning the tragedy into an ...
I. An Unjust Food System
1. Growing and Producing Food
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On Thanksgiving Day, 1960, Edward R. Murrow introduced his CBS
Reports program with these famous words:
This scene is not taking place in the Congo. It has nothing to do with Johannesburg or Cape Town. It is not Nyasaland or Nigeria. This is Florida. These are citizens of the United States, 1960. This is a shape-up for migrant...
2. Accessing Food
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When Peter Ueberroth, the businessman who helped facilitate the 1984 Olympics Games in Los Angeles, strode to the stage along with executives of four leading supermarket chains, there was much anticipation regarding the promises they were about to make concerning food access in inner-city Los Angeles. The 1992 civil disorders in the city had visibly ...
3. Consuming Food
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The mood was festive in Millau, France, as the townspeople gathered in support of the farmers who had decided to target the construction site for a new McDonald’s. Situated in the heart of Roquefort country, Millau had deep culinary and cultural associations for the region as well as for the country. It was 1999, almost twenty-seven years after ...
4. Food Politics
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When Barack Obama strode to the podium to announce that former Iowa governor Tom Vilsack was his choice for the thirtieth secretary of agriculture, the selection was greeted with unhappiness by several food justice and alternative food groups. Up until the December 17, 2008, announcement, many of those advocates had sought to weigh in on who ...
5. The Food System Goes Global
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More than 108,000 people crowded into California ’ s Central Valley town of Gilroy, “ the Garlic Capital of the World, ” to celebrate the Thirty-first Annual Garlic Festival. The event, as always, was a colorful affair, with the Garlic Idol singing contest (which once offered a prize of 1,000 gallons of gasoline), the Garlic Festival Cook-Off (the 2009 ...
II. Food Justice Action and Strategies
6. Growing Justice
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Nestled in the Connecticut River Valley in western Massachusetts is the city of Holyoke. The poorest city in the state, with more than a quarter of the population living below the poverty line, Holyoke is also home to one of the most dynamic, hands-on, visionary food justice organizations in the country — Nuestras Raíces. For more than a decade, this group ...
7. Forging New Food Routes
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For the press that had gathered to hear plans about a multi-million-dollar redevelopment of the northern Philadelphia – based Progress Plaza, the nation’s oldest African American–owned shopping center, “the political wattage was blinding,” as a Philadelphia Inquirer story characterized the event. The governor was there, as were the mayor of Philadelphia, a state ...
8. Transforming the Food Experience
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When Carlo Petrini, the grand ideologue and inspirer of the slow food like-minded slow food advocates, he wasn’t prepared for the scene the midst of a social upheaval. The country had fallen into a severe economic depression, with hundreds of thousands of people out of work and going hungry. The country’s president, Carlos Andrés Pérez ...
9. A New Food Politics
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The weather was dreary, yet the room buzzed with excitement. Only five months earlier, on April 4, 1996, the Farm Bill had been signed into law, with a mandate for supporting community food projects (CFPs). The relevant part of the bill — a small item in the overall legislation — provided annual funding for projects that could “ meet the needs of low-income ...
10. An Emerging Movement
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It started as an idea, not a campaign. Longtime food activist and Maine resident and gardener Roger Doiron, most recently the founder of a group called Kitchen Gardeners International (KGI), felt that proposing a garden at the White House might have some traction. KGI, with its 5,000 members in the United States and a handful of other countries, served ...
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Page Count: 304
Illustrations: 19 b&w photos
Publication Year: 2010
Series Title: Food, Health, and the Environment
Series Editor Byline: Robert Gottlieb