Black Female Playwrights
An Anthology of Plays before 1950
Publication Year: 1990
Published by: Indiana University Press
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In 1981, with the assistance of a Ford Foundation Fellowship, I began extensive research on the contributions of blacks in the non-performing areas of the American theatre-designers, directors, producers, choreographers, musical directors, technicians and other craftspeople behind the scenes. While researching the life of Shirley Graham...
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During the Civil Rights movement, Lorraine Hansberry emerged as the first black woman to present a drama on Broadway with her 1959 production of A Raisin in the Sun. Never before had a black female playwright commanded such attention in the American theatre. In Raisin, Hansberry was able to realistically address an array of issues such as the strength...
Georgia Douglas Johnson
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One of the first black modern female poets of the twentieth century, Georgia Douglas Johnson was an inspiration and role model for the many black women writers who emerged during the 1920s. A prolific poet and playwright, Johnson gained recognition as an established writer with the publication of her collection of poems...
Mary P. Burrill
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The September 1919 issue of Birth Control Review, a monthly periodical advocating birth control rights of women, featured a special issue on "The Negroes' Need for Birth Control, as Seen by Themselves." In this issue Mary P. Burrill contributed her play They That Sit in Darkness, along with a short story by her close friend...
Zora Neale Hurston
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At an early age, Zora Neale Hurston's mother told her to "jump at de sun," and Hurston spent her life doing just that. She attended Howard University from 1919 to 1924, where she developed her talents as a writer. In 1928, she became the first black to graduate from Barnard College in New York City...
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Eulalie Soence was one of the more experienced female playwrights prior to the 1950s. She graduated from New York City's Wadleigh High School and the New York Training School for Teachers, then received a B.A. from New York University in 1937 and an M.A. from Teachers College, Columbia University, in 1939...
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May Miller (Sullivan) was presented with the 1986 Mister Brown Award for Excellence in Drama and Poetry by the National Conference of African American Theatre at Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland. (Mr. William Brown was manager of the African Company in New York, 1816-1823.) Presently hailed...
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In 1964, playwright Adrienne Kennedy was awarded an Obie for her surrealistic play Funnyhouse of a Negro (1962). This play commanded attention primarily because Kennedy deviated from the realistic style of writing that was prevalent among black writers. She would eventually adapt this surrealistic...
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The many contributions of Shirley Graham have on the whole been neglected in the annals of American theatre history. Graham was one of few black women, prior to the 1950s, to actively pursue a career in professional theatre as a playwright, composer, designer, and director. The fact that only one...
Plays and Pageants by Black Women Before 1950
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Page Count: 300
Illustrations: 10 b&w photos
Publication Year: 1990
Series Title: Blacks in the Diaspora