Derrida and Husserl
The Basic Problem of Phenomenology
Publication Year: 2002
"[A] magnificent work... that will definitely shape the discussion on Derrida for years to come." -- Rodolphe Gasché
What is the nature of the relationship of Jacques Derrida and deconstruction to Edmund Husserl and phenomenology? Is deconstruction a radical departure from phenomenology or does it trace its origins to the phenomenological project? In Derrida and Husserl, Leonard Lawlor illuminates Husserl's influence on the French philosophical tradition that inspired Derrida's thought. Beginning with Eugen Fink's pivotal essay on Husserl's philosophy, Lawlor carefully reconstructs the conceptual context in which Derrida developed his interpretation of Husserl. Lawlor's investigations of the work of Jean Cavaillès, Tran-Duc-Thao, and Jean Hyppolite, as well as recent texts by Derrida, reveal the depth of Derrida's relationship to Husserl's phenomenology. Along the way, Lawlor revisits and sheds light on the origin of many important Derridean concepts, such as deconstruction, the metaphysics of presence, différance, intentionality, the trace, and spectrality.
Published by: Indiana University Press
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The Original Motivation: Defend the Derridean Faith
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This book, I hope, will at least be the keystone of a genuine work of philosophy that I shall produce some day. Over the time that I wrote this book,1 I slowly realized that Heideggerâs attempt in Being and Time to reopen the question of being is the defining event of twentieth-century philosophy.2 ...
1. Genesis as the Basic Problem of Phenomenology
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It is well known that Eugen Finkâs 1933 Kantstudien essay, âThe Phenomenological Philosophy of Edmund Husserl and Contemporary Criticism,â finally expanded the French understanding of Husserlâs phenomenology;1 in particular, Fink introduced terms such as âact-intentionality,â...
2. The Critique of Phenomenology: An Investigation of â âGenesis and Structureâ and Phenomenologyâ
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Although the examination of Finkâs 1933 Kantstudien essay places Derrida firmly in the center of an incontestable tradition of Husserlâs interpretation, Derridaâs interpretation of Husserl must be seen as a critique of Husserlian phenomenology. The critique can be seen most easily in Derridaâs ââGenesis and Structureâ and Phenomenology.â ...
3. The Critique of Ontology: An Investigation of âThe Ends of Manâ
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The revisions Derrida made to â âGenesis and Structureâ â for its inclusion in the 1967 Writing and Difference show that Derrida was in the process of rethinking the relation of phenomenology to metaphysics. In Derridaâs 1968 âThe Ends of Man,â his âcritique of phenomenologyâ is a critique of it as the metaphysics of presence. ...
4. Upping the Ante on Dialectic: An Investigation of Le ProblÃ¨me de la genÃ¨se dans la philosophie de Husserl
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In Derridaâs first investigation of Husserl, his MeÌmoire from the academic year 1953â54, Le ProbleÌme de la geneÌse dans la philosophie de Husserl (only published in 1990), his critique of phenomenology, his critique of its teleology and its archeology, is already in place. ...
5. The Root, That Is Necessarily One, of Every Dilemma: An Investigation of the Introduction to Husserlâs âThe Origin of Geometryâ
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In Le ProbleÌme de la geneÌse, Derrida asks the question that leads Husserl in âThe Origin of Geometryâ to a consideration of language: âHow do we pass from an absolutely originary pre-predicative individual state . . . to the existence of a geometrical being in its ideal objectivityâ (PGH 267)? ...
6. More Metaphysical than Metaphysics: An Investigation ofâViolence and Metaphysicsâ
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We now enter the most crucial period in the development of Derridaâs early thinking, the mid-sixties.1 Four things seem to happen during this period. First, Derrida deepens his understanding of the dialectic between phenomenology and ontology with which he closed both the 1962 Introduction...
7. The Test of the Sign: An Investigation of Voice and Phenomenon
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We now enter the climax of our investigation. When one is investigating Voice and Phenomenon, it is always important to keep in mind its subtitle: âIntroduction to the Problem of the Sign in Husserlâs Phenomenology.â The problem of the sign has come to replace, for Derrida, the problem of genesis. ...
8. Looking for Noon at Two OâClock: An Investigation of Specters of Marx
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Voice and Phenomenon brings Derridaâs formative period to a close.1 As is well known, from 1967 on, Derridaâs thought will develop in many directions and into many domains. In general, however, the concepts forged during this first period (from 1954 to 1967) remain in place in the later writings. ...
The Final Idea: Memory and Life
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The phrase âlooking for noon at two oâclockâ defines the new kind of thinking that Derrida inaugurated, deconstruction. We have laid out the narrative of this inauguration. The prologue to this narrative was Finkâs famous 1933 Kantstudien essay on Husserl; indeed, the phrase âthe basic problem of phenomenologyâ...
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Page Count: 304
Illustrations: 1 index
Publication Year: 2002
Series Title: Studies in Continental Thought