Of Myth, Life, and War in Plato's Republic
Publication Year: 2002
Published by: Indiana University Press
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A project that, not unlike the one presented here, spanned various lifetimes (various times in life, of life) and involved journeying to many places is the fruit of numberless encounters, exposures, and conversations. On this occasion I wish to mention with heartfelt gratitude the following mentors, colleagues, and friends: John Sallis, Idit Dobbs-Weinstein, Gregg Horowitz, Charles Scott, ...
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Yet another work on Plato, on that most universally recognized among the Platonic dialogues—the Republic.The Republic of Plato (so we call it, today, in this part of the world): a seminal text, inaugurating an epoch of which we are still witnessing the development—or is it a twilight, a closure, the coming to an end of its day? In virtue of its circulation and resonance since antiquity, one hesitates ...
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It is, then, from out of and through this vision, thanks to the comparison with this image he has envisioned, that Glaukon can form the image of our nature. The envisioning of the cave, the lighting of the dark density of the ground (indeed, of the underground), the imaging of the otherwise inherently invisible receptacle, has a somewhat originary, originating character. ...
PART ONE. “OLD WOMEN TELLING TALES” (350 e):THE CITY IN VIEW, THE CITY ENVISIONED
I. On Regeneration
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More precisely, the theme under consideration is that of political re-generation—of a movement, that is, striving to re-constitute, to re-conﬁgure, and perhaps surprisingly transform the communal organism which is as such already in view. In this sense—let it be noticed already—founding does not appear as fully originary but, rather, as a matter of renewal, of a certain repetition. The task undertaken here, then, is following the way in which ...
II. The Law of (Re)production
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Such an attempt at founding a city that may be called just without any further qualiﬁcation and at isolating justice in its essence takes place in spite of the circumstances pointed out in the previous chapter. Indeed, it was shown above that the articulation of justice occurs out of injustice and inseparably from it. Socrates, however, does not seem immediately to relinquish the dream of a ...
PART TWO. “A TALE WAS SAVED AND NOT LOST” (621 b): VISION AT THE END OF THE VISIBLE
There is no doubt that the Greeks sought to explain to themselves the ultimate mysteries “of the destiny of the soul” and everything they knew concerning education and puriﬁcation, above all concerning the immovable order of rank and inequality of value from human being to human being, from their Dionysian experiences: here is the great depth, the great silence ...
III. Preliminary Remarks in a Rhapsodic Form
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Heterogeneous reﬂections, occasioned by the ﬁnal myth as well as Socrates’ statements on poetic matters, converge here, bringing together the theme of myth as restitution and recollection, the question of imitation in its ethical valence, the problematization of the thought of subjectivity in light of the experience ...
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Socrates’ narration is in a crucial way connected with the disclosure and unfolding of war.1 But, as was observed above, Socrates’ saying, unlike those other narrations, is not simultaneous with the action it narrates. Rather, it occurs at a certain remove from action and allows for the manifestation of the remoteness of what is ...
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And yet this moment of utter suspension is but the promise and incubation of an other movement. Harbored (carried) within the motionless landscape, protected by the desolate screen of what appears after the war, invisibly, movement is already beginning to unfold anew. This seems to be so, at least, according to the words that Er reportedly said when he came back up to life ...
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Through Er’s story a vision is shared, the contemplation of the souls’ getting ready to return to that place where one is at war with oneself, ﬂuctuating, oscillating, never of one mind—to the domain of conﬂict, of change, and of work as which time stretches out, gives itself, passes. (If, that is, the souls ever left behind these traits and modes which essentially deﬁne the articulation of becoming ...
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Thus, “a tale was saved and was not lost.” Why this is so is not said. No necessity is made apparent according to which the myth of Necessity would be saved, remembered, told. To save a myth is a matter of receptiveness and responsiveness to the unexplainable that comes, of availability to an advent that cannot be appropriated. So much so that, in the end, Socrates even lets go of the ...
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Page Count: 264
Illustrations: 1 index
Publication Year: 2002
Series Title: Studies in Continental Thought