Economic and Political Reform in Africa
Publication Year: 2013
What are the local effects of major economic and political reforms in Africa? How have globalized pro-market and pro-democracy reforms impacted local economics and communities? Examining case studies from The Gambia, Ghana, Mozambique, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Somalia, Peter D. Little shows how rural farmers and others respond to complex agendas of governments, development agencies, and non-governmental organizations. The book explores the contradictions between what policy reforms were supposed to do and what actually happened in local communities. Little’s bold vision of development challenges common narratives of African poverty, dependency, and environmental degradation and suggests that sustainable development in Africa can best be achieved by strengthening local livelihoods, markets, and institutions.
Published by: Indiana University Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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Table of Contents
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...this book took much too long to complete! it perennially was on the back-burner, always precluded by more urgent commitments. it has hung around in partially completed form for several years and confronted lots of false starts and stops along the way. an important change in the project?s pace came in 2007?2008 when i was awarded a Guggenheim fellowship, which allowed me to commit full- ...
Introduction: What it means to be “Reformed”
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...i began to think about this book about thirteen years ago on a short visit to Ba-ringo district, Kenya, where i had conducted my Phd dissertation research dur-ing 1980?1981. i had not been there for almost three years when i visited in march 1998. standing on the parched and badly receding shores of the district?s name-sake, lake Baringo, a nearby young man explained that its retreat was evidence ...
1: “They think we can Manufacture Crops”: Contract Farming and the Nontraditional Commodity Business
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...in May 1994 i sat at a meeting in the office of a large international development organization in downtown Banjul, the small capital city of The Gambia, West africa. The conversation centered on the need to diversify the country?s exports and its dependence on groundnuts, a traditional export crop whose annual ex-port earnings had been declining for the past decade. The discussion eventually ...
2: “Everybody is a Petty Trader”: Peri-urban Trade in Postconflict Maputo, Mozambique
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...a c.scom.scm.scon sight in africa?s sprawling urban and peri- urban areas is the wide-spread proliferation of petty traders, hawking items from foods to cigarettes to cheap imported electronics. These street hawkers and other self- employed trad-ers represent the fastest- growing segment of the labor market in africa, attract-ing the unemployed, the displaced, and the impoverished as well as those seek-...
3: “We now Milk Elephants”: The Community Conservation Business in Rural Kenya
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...an el.scd.scer.scl.scy S.scam.scbu.scr.scu.sc woman on the hot, dusty plains of north ern Kenya ex-plains to a visiting group of government and development officials that pastoral-ists have learned the value of wildlife. she notes unabashedly that ?we now milk elephants like we do our cows?they provide us with income to buy food? (field notes, Janu ary 1995). The mixed crowd of state officials and development work-...
4: “They are Beating Us over the Head with Democracy”: Multiparty Elections in Rural Kenya
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...a r.scec.scent head.scl.scine f.scr.scom.sc the British Broadcasting corporation (BBc) cele-brates a ?landmark ruling for Kenya nomads.? The account tells the story of a ?historic court ruling? that awarded the same il chamus pastoral community discussed in chapter 3 the right to elect their own parliamentary representative (BBc 2006). The court case is one of several pending in the Kenyan courts where ...
5: “The Government is Always Telling Us What to think”: Narratives of Food Aid Dependence in Rural Ethiopia
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...in 2007 a large government billboard on a road in amhara Region, Ethiopia, warily cautions rural residents about the harms of depending on food relief and developing a ?dependency attitude.? This same message is communicated at a workshop during the same year in the regional town of dessie, south Wollo Zone, where government officials warn farmers about depending too much on food re-...
6: “Counting the Poor”: The Politics of Pastoralist Poverty Assessments in Kenya
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Ethiop.scia?s ex.scp.scensiv.sce and.sc expansive PsnP activity is a product of a new ap-proach to poverty alleviation that uses both safety net and pro- market interven-tions to protect the poor, as well as to promote smallholder commercial agricul-ture. The implementation of Poverty Reduction strategy Plans (PRsPs) in Ethiopia and other poor countries was an implicit admission that more had to be done to ...
7: “A Sort of Free Business”: Hyper-liberalization and Somali Transnationalism
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...in J.scanu.sc ar.scy 2011 somalia attained the unenviable status of being twenty years without a real central government, the longest period of statelessness in the post?World War i era. less than a year earlier (July 1, 2010) the territory had marked fify years of independence from colonial administration, an event that might have been a cause for celebration in most former colonies but was hardly noticed ...
Conclusions: Rethinking Encounters and Reformist Narratives
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...this book has been about social and economic changes in several af ri can coun-tries that can be traced to economic and po liti cal reform programs first intro-duced in the early 1980s. it has used the twin platforms of neoliberalism, with its emphases on individualism and economic growth, and globalization, with its focus on global flows of goods, technologies, and ideas, to explain a series of eth-...
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About the Author
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...director of the Program in development studies, Emory University. He received his Phd from indiana University in 1983 and has held visiting appointments at Kyoto University, oxford University, and the University of nairobi. during the past twenty- nine years, dr. little has conducted research and directed interdisciplinary programs on development and ...
Page Count: 258
Illustrations: 8 b&w illus.
Publication Year: 2013