The House at Ujazdowskie 16
Jewish Families in Warsaw after the Holocaust
Publication Year: 2013
In a turn-of-the-century, once elegant building at 16 Ujazdowskie Avenue in the center of Warsaw, 10 Jewish families began reconstructing their lives after the Holocaust. While most surviving Polish Jews were making their homes in new countries, these families rebuilt on the rubble of the Polish capital and created new communities as they sought to distance themselves from the memory of a painful past. Based on interviews with family members, intensive research in archives, and the families' personal papers and correspondence, Karen Auerbach presents an engrossing story of loss and rebirth, political faith and disillusionment, and the persistence of Jewishness.
Published by: Indiana University Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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CON T E N T S
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...2 The Families of 1six.o Ujazdowskie Avenue, 1nine.o00–1nine.o4eight.o 30six.o Finding the Obliterated Traces of the Path: Seeds of Revival 155...
AC KNOWL E DGME NT S
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This project has benef_ited from the assistance and generosity of many individuals. I would like f_irst of all to express my gratitude to Antony Polonsky, whose guidance and wealth of knowledge as my doctoral ad-visor at Brandeis University inf_luenced every aspect of this book. David Cesarani, ChaeRan Freeze, Seamus O’Hanlon, Jonathan Plaut, Jona-...
R E S I D E NT S O F 16 U JA ZDOWS K I E AV E NUE
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Emil Adler, coeditor of Marxist-Leninist literature, with Stefan Bergman, for the Book and Knowledge publishing house until 1nine.o50 and profes-sor of Marxist philosophy at Warsaw University. Born Mendel Adler in 1nine.o0six.o in Tarnów to Markus and Helena Adler and raised in Brody. Emil emigrated from Poland with his family to Göt_tingen, Germany, ...
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At dawn one morning in October 1945, eleven-year-old Zofia Berg-man arrived with her mother, Aleksandra, by train into War saw, the demolished capital of liberated Poland, after a long journey from the So-viet Union. The cold days of early winter had already set in. Mother and daughter walked through rubble-lined streets, past skeletons of build-...
The Adlers and the BergmansC H AP T E R O N E
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...took a train from the Soviet Union across the rubble of the Polish land-scape in October 1945, their future neighbor Eugenia Adler walked to freedom through the gates of the Nazi concentration camp Gross-Rosen in Germany. When the Red Army liberated the camp that May, she was camp made their way by foot, wagon, and train back to their native coun-...
C H AP T E R TWO
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In 1930, Barbara H. arrived in Warsaw at twenty-three years old, yearning for knowledge and access to the wider world. The Polish capi-tal was still an impressive European city then, its avenues lined with ornate buildings and the pastels of its medieval old town lending it a quaint atmosphere. The trip from Barbara’s hometown of Końskie to ...
C H AP T E R T H R E E
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The Jewish quarter in Warsaw occupied one-fifth of the city, two-hundred fifty thousand people were concentrated there, so one-third of the city’s residents. . . . This little world seemed very big to me. I admired the passageway of Friedman on Swiętojerska [Street] with an exit onto Wałowa [Street]. It was possible to live there without going out onto the street at all. There were two prayerhouses, ...
C H AP T E R FOU R
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...“There exists in humanity a desire, inherited from generations long dead, to display heroism. Those who have no opportunity to do that elsewhere come to us. It is the ‘professional’ revolutionary type that does that mostly, a type very common among us Jews. With us this desire is a desire for martyrdom inherited from our forefathers, a natural need, nurtured through generations, ...
C H AP T E R F I V E
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She believed above all in the weight of education. Only it could assure them a dignified place in Polish society. With her own parents and brothers she spoke in German or in Yiddish, and she spoke Polish with a distinct Yiddish accent. Her children she sent to Polish schools, where they learned flawless Polish, It would have been significantly more comfortable to raise all nine as cos-...
CHAP T E R S I X
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Perhaps the time has finally come to shake off this feeling of fear and shame, coded in one’s genes, hidden deep in the soul. It is high time to find the obliter-ated traces of the path. To restore the existence of names of people long dead.Jews who emigrated after March 1968 remembered that time as one of severed roots and exile from their country. The atmosphere that sur-...
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When I visited Warsaw for the first time in February 1997, I wan-dered around looking for a trace of the familiar. My grandmother had grown up in the city, and after her death ten months earlier, I became curious about where she was from. I wanted to walk the streets she had left behind for New York in 1923 and see the images she had in her head. ...
NOT E S
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...1. The postwar communist party’s ideological publishing house was known as Book (Książka) until the fall of 1948, when it absorbed the Polish Socialist Party publishing house, Knowledge (Wiedza), to become Book and Knowledge (Książka i Wiedza). That change followed the dissolution and absorption of the Polish Socialist Party into Poland’s communist party, called the Polish Workers’ Party, to form the Polish United Workers’ ...
B I B L IOG R APHY
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Archiwum Akt Nowych [Central Archives of Modern Records, AAN], Warsaw.Główny Urząd Kontroli Prasy Publikacji i Widowisk [Main Commission for Con-Komitet Centralny Polskiej Partii Robotniczej [Central Committee of the Polish Komitet Centralny Polskiej Zjednoczonej Partii Robotniczej [Central Committee Ministerstwo Edukacji w Warszawie [Ministry of Education in Warsaw]....
I N D E X
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About the Author
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A former journalist, she reported for the Philadelphia Inquirer, ...
Page Count: 264
Illustrations: 16 b&w illus.
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: The Modern Jewish Experience