Kant and the Subject of Critique
On the Regulative Role of the Psychological Idea
Publication Year: 2012
Immanuel Kant is strict about the limits of self-knowledge: our inner sense gives us only appearances, never the reality, of ourselves. Kant may seem to begin his inquiries with an uncritical conception of cognitive limits, but in Kant and the Subject of Critique, Avery Goldman argues that, even for Kant, a reflective act must take place before any judgment occurs. Building on Kant’s metaphysics, which uses the soul, the world, and God as regulative principles, Goldman demonstrates how Kant can open doors to reflection, analysis, language, sensibility, and understanding. By establishing a regulative self, Goldman offers a way to bring unity to the subject through Kant’s seemingly circular reasoning, allowing for critique and, ultimately, knowledge.
Published by: Indiana University Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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This book developed over many years out of the research I undertook for my doctoral dissertation in the Philosophy Department at The Pennsylvania State University. I have benefited greatly from the involvement of both John Sallis, who directed my dissertation, and Pierre Kerszberg, with whom this research began. They offered not only important direction for my research, but also exam-...
Introduction: The Circularity of Critique
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This book opens with a dilemma: Kantâs Critique of Pure Reason (Kritik der reinen Vernunft) begins by rejecting the possibility of knowledge of things in them-selves (noumena), restricting itself to investigating appearances (phenomena). In this way Kant is able to uncover the conditions of the possibility of experience, deducing the faculties of cognition from this limited field of appearances. But ...
ONE: The Ideas of Reason
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What, in the end, does Kant have to say about the self, the subject as the locus of both cognition and action, the I whose reason tends toward both theo-retical and practical pursuits? Such a question is more elusive than one might expect from a writer who so carefully addresses the intricacies of our cognitive faculties. The difficulty of such a task, as well as Kantâs ambivalence toward it, ...
TWO: The Boundary of Phenomena and Noumena
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At the end of the Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, Kant claims that the unavoidable dialectic of pure reason deserves, in a metaphysics considered as a natural predisposition [Naturanlage], not only to be explained as an illusion that needs to be resolved, but also (if with its purposeâalthough this endeavor, as super-meritorious ...
THREE: The Designation of the Region of Experience in the Critique of Pure Reason
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In the wide-ranging First Introduction to the Critique of Judgment, Kant reit-erates the general conclusion of the Critique of Pure Reason, explaining that âthe whole of nature [die gesamte Natur] as the totality of all objects of experience constitutes a system in accordance with transcendental laws, namely those that the understanding itself gives a priori.â1 While nature, within the critical proj-...
FOUR: Transcendental Reflection: Interpreting the Amphiboly via §76 of the Critique of Judgment
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Having demonstrated the need for an explanation of the conception of experience with which Kantâs analysis begins, we must now pursue such a ques-tion within the confines of the Critique of Pure Reason if we are to avoid claiming that Kant was initially blind to the presuppositions of the critical enterprise. In Â§76 of the Critique of Judgment, Kant announces the possibility of addressing the ...
FIVE: The Paralogisms of Pure Reason: In Search of a Regulative Principle for Transcendental Reflection
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In the preface to the first edition of the Critique of Pure Reason, in what stands as the opening salvo of critical philosophy, Kant writes that although questions concerning âthe faculty of thinking [das VermÃ¶gen zu denken]ââthe mind, or reason, in the broadest and most undifferentiated senseâare impor-tant, they are not an essential part of the Transcendental Deduction, nor are ...
SIX: Transcendental Method: The Orientation of Critique
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In his 1786 essay âWhat Does It Mean to Orient Oneself in Thinking? [Was heiÃt: sich im Denken orientieren?]â1 Kant introduces a conception of orienta-tion that addresses not merely our spatial orientation among material objects but also our speculative orientation in thought. In connecting these two realms of orientation, concerning the sensible and the intelligible, respectively, Kant ...
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About the Author
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Page Count: 264
Publication Year: 2012
Series Title: Studies in Continental Thought