The Grand Scribe's Records, Volume IX
The Memoirs of Han China, Part II
Publication Year: 2010
This volume of The Grand Scribe's Records includes the second segment of Han-dynasty memoirs and deals primarily with men who lived and served under Emperor Wu (r. 141--87 B.C.). The lead chapter presents a parallel biography of two ancient physicians, Pien Ch'üeh and Ts'ang Kung, providing a transition between the founding of the Han dynasty and its heyday under Wu. The account of Liu P'i is framed by the great rebellion he led in 154 B.C. and the remaining chapters trace the careers of court favorites, depict the tribulations of an ill-fated general, discuss the Han's greatest enemy, the Hsiung-nu, and provide accounts of two great generals who fought them. The final memoir is structured around memorials by two strategists who attempted to lead Emperor Wu into negotiations with the Hsiung-nu, a policy that Ssu-ma Ch'ien himself supported.
Published by: Indiana University Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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Like most other volumes of this translation project, a substantial debt is owed to the Alexander-von-Humboldt Foundation for its continued support. Chapters 109, 110, and 112 were completed several years ago when our German Group was active in Munich supported in part by the Foundation. Chapter 106 and 107...
Introduction: Herodotus and Ssu-ma Ch’ien: A Preliminary Study of Styles and Sources in Their Early Chapters
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The two great historians of East and West, Herodotus (Hēródotos, ca. 484-ca. 425 B.C.) and Ssu-ma Ch’ien (司馬遷, 145-ca. 86 B.C.), have been compared many times in the past.1 There are of course obvious differences: Herodotus focuses his Histories to the conflicts between the Greeks and the Persians, whereas Ssu-ma’s Grand Scribe’s Records (Shih chi 史記) is an account of all...
On Using This Book
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Most Texts are cited by chapter and page in a particular edition–Shih chi, 62.2185 indicates chüan 卷 62, page 2135 of the Chung-hua edition (see List of Abbreviations)–but references to the Lun yü 論語 (Analects of Confucius) and Meng Tzu 孟子 (Mencius) are according to chapter and verse (學而時習之is thus Lun yü 1.1) and to...
Weights and Measures (Lu Zongli)
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Throughout the text we have given words indicating weights and measures in their romanized form followed (at the first occurrence) by the Chinese character (e.g., jen 仞). This is in part because there are no standards for each era or each region dealt with in the “basic annals.” Yet most of the values given in the following charts were fairly stable from the Warring States era into the early Han in most states....
List of Abbreviations
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“Pien Ch’üeh” 扁鵲2 was a native of Cheng 鄭in Po-hai 勃海 Commandery.3 His cognomen was Ch’in 秦4 and his praenomen was Yüeh-jen 越人 (The Native of Yüeh?).5 In his youth he became the head of a hostel.6When the hostel guest, Mister Ch’ang-sang 長桑(Long-lived Mulberry?),7 stopped by, Pien Ch’üeh alone found him remarkable and often treated him with respect...
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[Liu] P’i [劉] 濞1 (215-154 B.C.), The King of Wu 呉, was the son of Liu Chung 劉仲,2 the elder brother of Kao-ti 高帝(The Exalted Emperor, ca. 248-196, r. 206-196).3...
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Tou Ying 竇嬰,1 the Marquis of Wei-chi 魏其,2 was the son of an elder cousin of Hsiao Wen Hou 孝文后(Empress Hsiao Wen, i.e., Tou Yi-fang 竇猗房3). His forefathers had for generations been men of Kuan-chin 觀津.4...
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Han An-kuo 韓安國,2 the Grandee Secretary, was a native of Ch’eng-an 成安 3 in Liang 梁.4 Later he moved to Sui-yang 睢陽.5 He once received [the teachings of] Han Tzu 韓子6 and the miscellaneous Masters at the establishment of Master T’ien 田生7 of Tsou 騶. 8 [He] served King Hsiao 孝of...
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General Li Kuang 李廣was a native of Ch’eng-chi 成紀 [County] in Lung-hsi 隴西[Commandery].1 [One of] his ancestors was called Li Hsin 李信.2 In Ch’in times, he had been a commander and was the one who had pursued and caught Tan 丹, the Heir of Yen 燕.3 Formerly from Huai-li,4 he...
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As for the Hsiung-nu,2 their progenitor3 was a descendant of the lineage of the rulers of Hsia 夏, called Ch’un-wei 淳維.4 During the times of T’ang 唐and Yü 虞5 and before, there were the Mountain Jung 戎, the Hsien-yün 獫狁, and the Hun-yü 葷粥6 living in the unruly regions of the North7 and...
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As for the General-in-Chief Wei Ch’ing 衛青,2 he was a native of P’ing-yang 平陽.3 His father Cheng Chi 鄭季4 was made an official and served5 in the household of the Marquis of P’ing-yang. 6 He had relations with a maidservant7 of the Marquis, Dame Wei...
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Chancellor Kung-sun Hung 公孫弘(ca. 200-121 B.C.)1 was a native of Hsüeh 薛County in the Kingdom of Tzu-ch’uan 菑川 in Ch’i 齊. 2 His agnomen was Chi 季. When he was young, he was Judiciary Clerk of Hsüeh,...
Frequently Mentioned Commentators
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Biographical Sketches of Shih chi Scholars 401(Ho Tz’u-chün and Sung Yün-pin)
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Page Count: 496
Publication Year: 2010