Domestic Violence in Postcommunist States
Local Activism, National Policies, and Global Forces
Publication Year: 2010
Domestic violence has emerged as a significant public policy issue of transnational character and mobilization in the postcommunist era in Europe and Eurasia, as global forces have interacted with the agendas of governments, local and international women's groups, and human rights activists. The result of extensive collaboration among scholars and activist-practitioners -- many from postcommunist countries -- this volume examines the development of state policies, changes in public perceptions, and the interaction of national and international politics.
Published by: Indiana University Press
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This volume is the culmination of more than five years of work that began when Laura Brunell, Alexandra Hrycak, Janet Elise Johnson, Magdi Vanya, and I presented together on a conference panel of the American Association for the Advancement for Slavic ...
CHAPTER 1 Introduction: The Politics of Domestic Violence in Postcommunist Europe and Eurasia
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The issue of violence relates directly to the wider and more complex issue of the nature of power. Since the 1989 postcommunist transitions, the nature of power has changed dramatically, albeit to various degrees, in the large and diverse territory of Central and Eastern Europe and Eurasia. Nearly every aspect of these societies has undergone some degree of transformation, with the role and methods of patriarchy being ...
PART 1 The Development of Domestic Violence Policy in Postcommunist States
CHAPTER 2 Transnational Advocacy Campaigns and Domestic Violence Prevention in Ukraine
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Drawing on research conducted in Ukraine, this chapter examines why efforts to reform the state’s handling of domestic violence have been successful in Ukraine. Ukraine stands out among post-Soviet states as a puzzling case: although the Ukrainian women’s movement is highly factionalized and remains disconnected from transnational advocacy ...
CHAPTER 3 Global Feminism, Foreign Funding, and Russian Writing about Domestic Violence
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CHAPTER 4 Balancing Acts: Women’s NGOs Combating Domestic Violence in Kazakhstan
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“We hid our neighbor in the basement boiler room of our apartment complex. She lived there for several days. This is how our organization began.” Julia sat upright in her office chair as she recalled the pragmatic origins of Podrugi, Kazakhstan’s first crisis center and shelter for battered women.1 Julia’s nongovernmental ...
CHAPTER 5 From Soviet Liberation to Post-Soviet Segregation: Women and Violence in Tajikistan
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The West is relatively oblivious to the status of women in Tajikistan, who continue to carry the burdens of the 1992–1997 civil war: poverty, disease, increasing criminal activity, and violence. Because of Tajikistan’s relative anonymity outside of Central Asia and its very recent history as an independent country, it is worth studying because it can offer ...
CHAPTER 6 The Politics of Awareness: Making Domestic Violence Visible in Poland
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In July of 2005, the Polish government passed an Act to Counteract Domestic Violence.1 Taking effect on November 21 of that year, it legally defined domestic violence for the first time in Poland. The act delegated administrative responsibilities to regional and local governments to provide support and treatment for victims and perpetrators and imposed ...
CHAPTER 7 Domestic Violence against Women: When Practice Creates Legislation in Slovenia
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“[In] our society it is still true that for a woman the most dangerous institution is her marriage, the most unsafe place her home, and the most dangerous person her partner” (Božac Deležan 1999: 14). This is the most commonly quoted statement about domestic violence against women in Slovenia.1 Experts, professionals, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) use it to demonstrate why the issue of domestic violence against women is important ...
CHAPTER 8 Reframing Domestic Violence: Global Networks and Local Activism in Postcommunist Central and Eastern Europe KATALIN
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In postcommunist Central and Eastern Europe, the process of acknowledging domestic violence has been, and continues to be, complex and challenging. The difficulties lie partially in the region’s very recent integration into many global trends, such as democratization and respect ...
CHAPTER 9 The New WAVE: How Transnational Feminist Networks Promote Domestic Violence Reform in Postcommunist Europe
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The concept “domestic violence”—referring to violence against women occurring in the private sphere that is construed as an act of injustice, a violation of human rights, and a criminal act—is new to postcommunist societies.1 Over the course of the 1990s several terms for such violence emerged, varying somewhat from country ...
CHAPTER 10 The European Union, Transnational Advocacy, and Violence against Women in Postcommunist States
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Although the origins of the European Union (EU) revolved largely around economic issues, its expansion into social policy has included issues related to women’s rights. Gender equality has been a unique social issue within the EU. Article 141 of the Treaty of Rome, the founding document of what is now the EU, required that member state ensure ...
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Page Count: 384
Illustrations: 10 b&w illus.
Publication Year: 2010