Development without Destruction
The UN and Global Resource Management
Publication Year: 2010
Since 1945, the UN has been actively engaged in conceptualizing strategies for both economic development and a sustainable environment. From a broad historical perspective, Development without Destruction sketches the role played by organizations and individuals in the UN system in developing and consolidating principles of international law and international governance with respect to natural resource management. Nico Schrijver highlights the UN's efforts to generate and implement strategies to resolve tensions between economic development and environmental protection, conservation and exploitation, sovereignty and internationalism, and armed conflict and peaceful access to natural resources. Schrijver's thorough analysis is an indispensable guide to management of the critical environmental issues on today's global agenda.
Published by: Indiana University Press
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List of Figures and Tables
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Series Editors’ Foreword
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We began the United Nations Intellectual History Project (UNIHP) ten years ago to fill a surprising and serious omission there was no comprehensive study of the history of the UNs contributions to economic and social thinking and action. With some satisfaction we can look back as the entire series of seventeen books has now The project has unearthed important findings: that ideas have been among the ...
Foreword James Crawford
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The term United Nations substituted Associated Powers in an early draft of the Atlantic Charter, was coined by Winston Churchill while he was sitting in the bath, a place where the British prime minister was known to do some of his best thinking. No longer in the bath, Churchill showed Roosevelt the text of Byron�. The two agreed the term was fitting; after all, security was the preoccupation ...
Foreword Supachai Panitchpakdi
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This study examines the role of the United Nations in global resource management, whose influence and activities in this area include data collection, policy analysis, advisory services, and operational activities. Most of all, however, the United Nations through the activities of its programs and agencies is able to exercise the power of an idea: that balanced economic development can be achieved with the prudent and ...
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This book did not come to fruition overnight but underwent a long incubation period. It builds on my long-standing research in this field and was written in the midst of many other and diverse duties that often distracted me. I am very grateful for the trust, admirable patience, and constructive comments at several phases of this book project from the three senior editors and intellectual fathers...
List of Abbreviations
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Introduction: Concepts and Principles
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This book is about the United Nations and global resource management, in particular the maintenance of the natural adaptability of ecosystems and the sustainable use of natural resources for the benefit of present and future generations of humankind. It seeks to analyze the role of the United Nations system in developing and consolidating universal values, principles of international law, and concepts of....
1 Historical Background: Formative Phases of International Organization during the Pre–UN Period
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In order to understand contemporary patterns of global resource management, it is useful to examine the historical evolution of the concept of international organization as it exists today. For this purpose, this chapter first reviews the roots and early history of international organization. It also introduces early organizational forms set up to manage natural resources. Next, this chapter examines the period of the ...
2 UN Involvement with Natural Resource Management at the National and Transboundary Levels
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This chapter maps the history of the involvement of the United Nations with natural resource management at the national and transboundary levels, from the organization’s early days up to recent times.1 The term “natural resources” does not figure in the UN Charter, nor does “environment” or “sustainable development.” Yet the UN soon became involved with issues relating to the management of natural resources as part of postwar efforts to reconstruct war-torn Europe. Since then...
3 Management of the Global Commons
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This chapter addresses the management of the areas and resources beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, often referred to as the global commons. The chapter presents the regime for deep seabed exploitation and the regulation of the exploitation...
4 The International Architecture for Environmental Governance and Global Resource Management
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As the previous chapters have demonstrated, consultation and decision making regarding environmental affairs and natural resource management is scattered over a...
5 Natural Resources and Armed Conflict
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Each state has a large appetite for natural resources, and the temptation for one state to appropriate resources of other states in border areas or in international areas beyond the jurisdiction of any state is sometimes...
6 The Role of the International Court of Justice in the Settlement of Natural Resource Disputes
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Not every dispute over natural resources leads to violent conflict. A number of conflicts have been resolved by peaceful means through negotiation, mediation, or judicial...
7 The UN’s Conceptual Contribution: Conclusions and Challenges
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The debate on natural resource policies within the United Nations spans a period of nearly sixty-five years. The United Nations has been instrumental in generating widespread interest in rational resource management, taking into account develop-mental, environmental, and social dimensions. UN organs as well as its specialized agencies have made significant intellectual contributions and undertaken...
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About the Author
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Nico Schrijver holds the Chair of International Law and is Academic Director of the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies at Leiden University. He is a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Permanent Court of...
About the United Nations Intellectual History Project
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Ideas and concepts are a main driving force in human progress, and they are arguably the most important contribution of the United Nations. Yet there has been little historical study of the origins and evolution of the history of economic and social ideas cultivated within the world organization and of their impact on wider thinking and international action. The United Nations Intellectual History Project is...
Page Count: 328
Illustrations: 1 b&w illus.
Publication Year: 2010
Series Title: United Nations Intellectual History Project Series