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Palestinian and Israeli Public Opinion

The Public Imperative in the Second Intifada

Jacob Shamir and Khalil Shikaki

Publication Year: 2010

Palestinian and Israeli Public Opinion is based on a unique project: the Joint Israeli-Palestinian Poll (JIPP). Since 2000, Jacob Shamir and Khalil Shikaki have directed joint surveys among Israelis and Palestinians, providing a rare opportunity to examine public opinion on two sides of an intractable conflict. Adopting a two-level game theory approach, Shamir and Shikaki argue that public opinion is a multifaceted phenomenon and a critical player in international politics. They examine how the Israeli and Palestinian publics' assessments, expectations, mutual perceptions and misperceptions, and overt political action fed into domestic policy formation and international negotiations -- from the failure of the 2000 Camp David summit through the second Intifada and the elections of 2006. A discussion of the study's implications for policymaking and strategic framing of future peace agreements concludes this timely and informative book.

Published by: Indiana University Press

Series: Indiana Series in Middle East Studies

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pp. ix-xi

This book is the product of a joint Israeli-Palestinian endeavor spanning from the Camp David summit in July 2000 and the eruption of the second Palestinian Intifada to the 2006 election turnabouts in Israel and the Palestinian Authority. This project, the Joint Israeli-Palestinian Poll (JIPP), is ...

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-10

The circumstances surrounding the collapse of the Camp David summit between U.S. president Bill Clinton, Israeli prime minister Ehud Barak, and Palestinian Authority (PA) chairman Yasser Arafat in July 2000 are still hotly debated by scholars and experts on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Among the many accounts of what led to the breakdown, some point the finger ...

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2. The Joint Israeli-Palestinian Poll: Context and Methodology

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pp. 11-24

The research project on which the book is based is a joint initiative of the Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research (PSR) in Ramallah.1 It was initiated in July 2000, in the wake of the Camp David summit, at a crucial turning point in Israeli-Palestinian relationships.....

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3. The Public Imperative: Public Opinion in Two-Level Games

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pp. 25-34

One need not be an expert on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict to realize the extent to which powerful domestic interests and deeply rooted values are vested in the conflict and in the attempts to resolve it. Over the years this bitter intractable conflict has structured both societies’ economies, politics, and value systems (e.g., Arian 1995; Bar-Tal 2007; Khalidi 1997; Kimmerling and...

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4. The Israeli and Palestinian Publics: Differences and Similarities

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pp. 36-49

The concept of public opinion, as outlined in the previous chapter, is also useful for placing our comparative research in its proper context. It directs us to differences, but also similarities, between Israeli and Palestinian public opinion along its most fundamental dimensions: information and knowledge, norms and values, expectations, and political participation. ...

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5. Camp David 2000: Tied Hands and Closed Lips

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pp. 50-63

One of the most critical and formative junctures among the crucial events scattered along the path of the Oslo peace process between Israel and the Palestinians was the Camp David summit of July 2000. Not only did it dramatically alter the course of the peace process and the nature of the conflict, but its fingerprints ...

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6. The Eruption of the Intifada: The Role of Violence in Two-Level Games

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pp. 64-89

The failure of the Camp David talks proved to be critical in the course of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, and approximately two months later the Al Aqsa Intifada (the second Intifada) broke out. Pessimism and mutual mistrust engulfed Israelis and Palestinians alike. We begin this chapter by discussing how the two sides framed the failure of the negotiations, and then examine ...

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7. From Geneva to Disengagement: Opportunities and Constraints

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pp. 90-115

The height of the Al-Aqsa Intifada in terms of violence and fatalities occurred in 2002. Suicide bombings peaked on the Israeli side, and Israel launched Operation Defensive Shield and reoccupied the West Bank. The year 2003 was still bloody but less so than 2002, and in addition to the ongoing fighting it also featured political and diplomatic initiatives. In March ...

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8. Political Turnabouts: The Electoral Connection

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pp. 116-150

Public opinion exerts its influence as a player in the Israeli-Palestinian two-level game by means of various mechanisms and institutions, but, among those, elections are fundamental. Elections are considered the key instruments of democracy that "forge connections between the wishes of citizens and the behavior of policy makers. Because of these connections, the ...

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9. Conclusion

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pp. 151-168

Public opinion is a central imperative in two-level games. This is the major tenet of this book, and the rationale behind the Joint Israeli-Palestinian Poll (JIPP) which we have been conducting together since 2000. Our aim in the book was to highlight the role public opinion plays in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian...


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pp. 169-181


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pp. 184-193


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pp. 195-205

E-ISBN-13: 9780253004178
E-ISBN-10: 0253004179
Print-ISBN-13: 9780253354372

Page Count: 224
Illustrations: 26 b&w illus.
Publication Year: 2010

Series Title: Indiana Series in Middle East Studies