How Creationists Built the Campaign against Evolution
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Illinois Press
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I am indebted to several individuals for assistance in this endeavor. Paul Ashdown and Dwight Teeter, colleagues and coconspirators on other projects, provided valuable suggestions for improving the manuscript. Dzmitry Yuron, Natalie Manayev, and Ioana Coman helped mine that seemingly endless vein of popular media that were relevant to this topic. ...
Introduction: Creationism’s Political Genesis
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After World War I, divisions that had been boiling below the surface of a modernizing, but still agrarian, nation erupted. For some, the war showed what could happen in an industrial world gone mad. For others, the currents of disruptive new knowledge confirmed that some people would be left behind in their shells of quaint tradition. ...
Chapter 1: The Genesis of Young-Earth Creationism
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Antievolutionism did not spontaneously generate itself in 1925, the year of the Scopes trial, though one might think so in reading press accounts of subsequent innumerable cases involving teaching evolution in public schools.1 All of them seem to be “Scopes 2.” ...
Chapter 2: The Contrarian and the Commoner: Darrow and Bryan
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Bryan and Darrow inhabited one of those peculiar moments in history when two individuals really did personify two major, antagonistic streams of thought in American society. Both had made their reputations in progressive causes, allied with the Democratic Party. But they saw different avenues to reform. ...
Chapter 3: From the Scopes Trial to Darwin on Trial
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Bryan’s death threw fundamentalism into some disarray.1 The movement lost focus, but not energy, as creationists reorganized, established publications, and took advantage of new media platforms—radio in the 1930s and television in the 1950s. The loss of Bryan’s leadership meant reorganizing and rethinking his progressive politics and liberal interpretation, ...
Chapter 4: Intelligent Design and Resurgent Creationism
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Defining “creationism” had become even more problematic by the 1990s. The term could encompass the traditional “young-Earthers,” who believed life and Earth were created spontaneously less than 10,000 years ago and that humans came into being in their present form. ...
Chapter 5: Science on Trial: The Ghost of Bryan
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Bryan’s twenty-first-century resurrection occurred in two places in the heartland. The first was Kansas, just south of his native Nebraska, the second a small town in Pennsylvania. In both cases, Bryanesque rhetoric permeated fervent appeals to individual rights and democratic principles.1 ...
Chapter 6: Into the Mainstream
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Dover’s “Scopes 2” and Kansas’s design debacle were signal events, showcasing phenomena that no longer represented a mere oddity in American culture. Though creationists lost in Dover and Kansas, the events reflected a movement that had crept from an intellectual backwater to the political mainstream.1 ...
Chapter 7: Creationism's Web: In the Museum, On the Net, at the Movies
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By the end of the twentieth century, the Scopes trial was no longer a humiliation for creationists but an indignation.1 The problem, according to creationists, had been to make any compromise with literalism’s naysayers. Creationists recast and remythologized Scopes as a lesson, their defining moment in the fight against evolution. ...
Chapter 8: Legacy
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The Scopes trial was the first public performance of modern America’s science-versus-religion drama.1 Its high visibility and dramatic quality gave it a special place in the subsequent fight because the trial defined terms and tactics that have endured into the twenty-first century for the antievolution movement. ...
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Page Count: 216
Publication Year: 2013