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Global Homophobia

States, Movements, and the Politics of Oppression

Meredith L. Weiss

Publication Year: 2013

While homophobia is commonly characterized as individual and personal prejudice, this collection of essays instead explores homophobia as a transnational political phenomenon. Contributors theorize homophobia as a distinct configuration of repressive state-sponsored policies and practices with their own causes, explanations, and effects on how sexualities are understood and experienced in a range of national contexts. The essays include a broad range of geographic cases, including Cameroon, Ecuador, Iran, Lebanon, Poland, Singapore, and the United States.

Published by: University of Illinois Press

Cover

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pp. C-ii

Title

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pp. iii-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-xii

... Our path to this volume has been more fortuitous than purposive, driven more by events on the ground than by a conscious research agenda. While we each study the nexus between social movements and the state?with sexuality just one aspect of wider movement politics?neither of us had quite conceptualized homophobia as something other than a constraint or ...

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Chapter 1 Political Homophobia in Comparative Perspective

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pp. 1-29

... The wave of anti-authoritarian revolts that began to roll across the Middle East and North Africa in 2011 coincided with another contempo-rary trend: a widespread, caustic focus on sexuality, in the form of overtly political homophobia. Egypt figures in both. Among the most striking incidents in contemporary homophobia was Cairo?s 2001 ?Queen Boat? ...

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Chapter 2 Why States Act: Homophobia and Crisis

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pp. 30-54

... As the U.S. war on terror shifted to Iraq during the winter of 2002, French police arrested more than twenty members of Act Up Paris when they splattered fake blood on the walls of the Saudi embassy. There to denounce the beheading of three men punished for same-sex intimacy, they demanded that their government extend the right to exile to sexual minorities and ...

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Chapter 3 America's Cold War Empire: Exporting the Lavender Scare

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pp. 55-74

... In 1952, in the midst of the Cold War struggle that dominated inter-national relations and effectively divided the world into two armed camps, Canadian officials discovered a security breach within the Communications Branch of the National Research Council (CBNRC), the highly secret agency that monitored radio signals from the Soviet Union. They discovered that ...

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Chapter 4 The Marriage of Convenience: The U.S. Christian Right, African Christianity, and Postcolonial Politics of Sexual Identity

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pp. 75-102

... In what seemed like a ?win? for the progressive movement in Uganda and across the globe, the infamous Anti-Homosexuality Bill 2009 (hereafter referred to AHB 2009), authored and introduced in Uganda?s eighth parliament in October 2009 by David Bahati, had not been acted upon when parliament closed on May 13, 2011. In February 2012, this private member?s bill, also known ...

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Chapter 5 Gay Rights and Political Homophobia in Postcommunist Europe: Is there an "EU Effect"?

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pp. 103-126

... If the recent past has witnessed an international trend toward in-creasing recognition and contestation of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, then postcommunist Europe is also, per-haps surprisingly, a part of the trend. Why should its inclusion be surprising? As I will describe below, communism left a profoundly destructive legacy ...

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Chapter 6 Sexual Politics and Constitutional Reform in Ecuador: From Neoliberalism to the Buen Vivir

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pp. 127-148

... In 2008, the Latin American and Caribbean Committee for the De-fense of Women?s Rights (CLADEM) released a report documenting violence against lesbian, bisexual, transsexual, transgender, and intersex women in Ec-uador (Varea and Cordero 2008). Specifically, the report addresses the practice of reparative therapy in ?rehabilitation centers? (centros de rehabilitaci?n), ...

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Chapter 7 Prejudice before Pride: Rise of an Anitcipatory Countermovement

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pp. 149-173

... The literature on social movements and contentious politics differ-entiates broadly, if somewhat imprecisely (see Lowery et al. 2005), between initial movement mobilization and reactive countermobilization. The se-quence is implied, if not explicit: mobilization comes first.1 And yet transna-tional discursive flows in particular may help to shift the sequence, yielding a ...

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Chapter 8 Homophobia as a Tool of Statecraft: Iran and Its Queers

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pp. 174-195

... Observers tend to see homophobia, as it relates to the politics of the Middle East, as a legitimate response, indeed the only one available to region?s governments faced with the concerted ?incitement to discourse? of Western human-rights groups (Massad 2002 and 2007); or as a result of the dissemination of homophobic norms from antigay networks in the West ...

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Chapter 9 Navigating International Rights and Local Politics: Sexuality Governance in Postcolonial Settings

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pp. 196-217

... As the world focuses its attention on the Arab/Muslim world against a backdrop of seemingly endless counterterrorism efforts, attempts to ?ac-commodate? ?cultural? issues with ?Islam,? and a wave of democratic Arab Spring revolts (and ensuing repression), one wonders whether trends in international human rights have been responsive to local political and his-...

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Chapter 10 Theorizing the Politics of (Homo)Sexualities across Cultures

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pp. 218-245

... This essay takes as its starting point an event in the history of sexual-ity, more specifically in the history of sexuality as a political issue.1 In recent years, vastly diverse movements around the politics of sexuality have em-braced the notion of ?sexual rights.? These ?sexual rights? have been enunci-ated and have gained recognition around the world. This concept developed ...

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Chapter 11 Conclusion: On teh Interplay of State Homophobia and Homoprotectionism

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pp. 246-254

... Referring to bias, discriminatory actions, attitudes, or beliefs di-rected toward people that either have or are perceived as having non-hetero-sexual identities such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer people (LGBTQ), the term homophobia has been used by LGBTQ groups since the early 1970s to organize against discrimination and persecution. The essays in ...

Contributors

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pp. 255-258

Index

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pp. 259-268


E-ISBN-13: 9780252095009
Print-ISBN-13: 9780252037726

Page Count: 288
Publication Year: 2013