After the Coup
An Ethnographic Reframing of Guatemala 1954
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: University of Illinois Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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We are very grateful to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) for sponsoring the April 2005 conference that formed the basis for this book: “From a Springtime of Democracy to a Winter of Cold War: The 1954 Guatemalan Coup and Its Lasting Impact on U.S./Latin American Relations.” ...
Introduction Reflecting upon the Historical Impact of the Coup
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In 1954, leaders of a coup overthrew the democratically elected president, Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán, and ended Guatemala’s so-called Diez Años de Primavera (Ten Years of Spring), the 1944–54 decade of progressive legislation inspired in part by Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal. ...
1. Antonio Goubaud Carrera Between the Contradictions of the Generación de 1920 and U.S. Anthropology
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In the spirit of this volume’s work to recontextualize the events and people from the coup, I take up the life and writings of Antonio Goubaud Carrera, first director of Guatemala’s Instituto Indigenista Nacional (IIN). Goubaud is a pivotal figure in the charged relations among Guatemalan indigenists, nationalists, and U.S. anthropologists. ...
2. Recovering the Truth of the 1954 Coup: Restoring Peace with Justice
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During my student days in the 1950s, issues such as rebellions, coups, domestic violence, alcoholism, drugs, and corruption in public office were considered peripheral to the field project of anthropology; today they have become central to ethnography. And yet there were precedents to the focus on social conflict: ...
3. A Democracy Born in Violence: Maya Perceptions of the 1944 Patzicía Massacre and the 1954 Coup
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What is striking about the events of 1954 in Maya-Kaqchikel (henceforth Kaqchikel) popular memory is their obscurity in Kaqchikel reconstructions of the past. Seldom do Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas’s (1954–57) overthrow of Colonel Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán (1951–54) and the role of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) emerge in Kaqchikel oral histories. ...
4. The Politics of Land, Identity, and Silencing: A Case Study from El Oriente of Guatemala, 1944-54
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The indigenous alcalde received word that the U.S.-backed Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas was to set up camp in Quezaltepeque after invading from neighboring Honduras. The alcalde had to act quickly, with dignity, and in a way that showed the sense of responsibility he felt toward his fellow campesinos. ...
5. The Path Back to Literacy: Maya Education through War and Beyond
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Before Guatemala’s democratic “spring” there was the “winter” of Ubico’s content. What did this mean in terms of education? President Jorge Ubico y Castañeda supported increased education for the indigenous population and decreed that bilingual education should be available in rural areas. ...
6. Democracy Delayed: The Evolution of Ethnicity in Guatemala Society, 1944-96
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In retrospect, the 1944 revolution initiated not a democracy but rather a fifty-year transition to democracy that evolved through three revolutionary phases. These can be characterized as bourgeois, ladino, and indigenous, as each marked the beginning of serious revolutionary participation of the respective sector. ...
Epilogue The October Revolution and the Peace Accords
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In this epilogue I highlight certain striking similarities and differences between the October Revolution of 1944 and the Peace Accords, signed December 29, 1996, by the Guatemala government and the guerrilla forces, to end a civil war that lasted almost thirty-six years, nearly to the end of the twentieth century. ...
List of Contributors
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Abigail Adams’s research and teaching interests include relations between North and Central Americans, Maya cultural revitalization, Guatemala’s civil reconstruction, and environmental anthropology. ...
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Page Count: 184
Publication Year: 2011