The Emergence and Development of the California Women's Movement, 1880-1911
Publication Year: 2000
Published by: University of Illinois Press
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This book has taken me a very long time to write. But I could not have writtenit at all without the support of many individuals, families, communities, andinstitutions. I am solely responsible for the mistakes, errors in judgment, andother failings, but everyone mentioned (and many more) helped make thisI could not have written a history of the California women’s movement...
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When California became the sixth state to grant women the right to vote in1911, su√ragists believed it marked a turning point for the national women’smovement. For the ﬁrst time women had become voters in a state with a city,San Francisco, that mirrored eastern cities in size and immigrant working-class population. To gain the vote California women had developed innova-...
1. The Politics of Women’s Work: Building the California Women’s Movement, 1880–93
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In the 1870s a few extraordinary pioneers for women’s rights entered Cal-ifornia’s political arena, demanding women’s enfranchisement. They basedtheir demand on a fundamental principle: fathers and husbands should notvote for women; women must speak for themselves. The su√ragists envi-sioned that women, with the gain of citizenship, would become a powerful...
2. The Politics of Politics: The California Women’s Movement Emerges and Campaigns for Women’s Suffrage, 1893–96
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From all parts of the country activists of the late nineteenth-century wom-en’s movement—club women, temperance advocates, settlement workers, phil-anthropists, labor activists, and su√ragists—went to Chicago in 1893 for theWorld’s Columbian Exposition, one of the great international expositions ofthe era. They went to the fair to advance women’s public work. These women...
3. The Politics of Altruism: Rebuilding the California Women’s Movement,1897–1905
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For several years the 1896 su√rage defeat in California devastated thestate’s su√rage movement. Su√rage organizations lost so many members thatthey were maintained by skeleton crews of stalwart souls. Other women’sgroups were only minimally involved in public a√airs. Although organizedwomen from around the state had discussed at the California Women’s Con-...
4. The Politics of Good Government: The California Women’s Movement Helps Build Progressivism and Wins Suffrage, 1906–11
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After 1906 a∆uent men and women reformers began working together aspolitical allies in San Francisco and Los Angeles. Earlier, the women hadpersuaded men to support their various urban reform projects, such as juve-nile courts and playgrounds, but both men and women saw these as civic—not political—e√orts. The reformers joined forces in the political but nonpar-...
Epilogue: The Politics of Women’s Citizenship
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California women pursued citizenship to make themselves powerful. Asthey struggled to make their voices heard in the public arena, they changedtheir lives and created new deﬁnitions of the appropriate relationship be-tween women and power. They created these new understandings by borrow-ing from older notions of gender, power, and politics. Women became cit-...
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Page Count: 296
Publication Year: 2000
Series Title: Women in American History