Making Race, Making Power
North Carolina's Road to Disfranchisement
Publication Year: 2003
Published by: University of Illinois Press
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In the researching and writing of this book, I have incurred numerous debts.The dissertation from which this book originated beneﬁtted greatly fromdiscussions with and careful readings from Richard Simpson, Judith Blau, andCraig Calhoun, as well as some early methodological help from KennethBollen. Peter Bearman deserves special thanks for his many contributions and...
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The U.S. civil rights movement is among the most-studied and best-under-stood political movements, as scholars have tried to learn how a seeminglypowerless group mobilized to challenge racial segregation and retrieve a mostfundamental right, the right to vote. It is curious, then, that we know com-paratively less about the collective mobilization to implement disfranchise-...
1. The Structuring of Southern Voter Turnout
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This chapter attempts to gauge the basic parameters of the franchise in theSouth1 by analyzing southern voter turnout between 1880, prior to most dis-franchisement regulation, and 1912, after basic forms of disfranchisement hadbeen implemented in every southern state. As I examine patterns of votingas turnout declined from nearly 65 percent to less than 30 percent, I will be...
2. North Carolina Politics and Society in the 1880s: Democratic Control through Localism
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Though often thought of as a “progressive” state relative to its regionalcounterparts after the turn of the century, North Carolina experienced asigniﬁcant degree of racial conﬂict in its political system, most notably in theviolent white supremacy campaigns of 1898 and 1900. Viewed from the per-spective of the beginning of the twenty-ﬁrst century, North Carolina’s de-...
3. Making and Blocking Republican Power
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Even as the localist-oriented North Carolina Democratic party was success-fully organizing and mobilizing its largely white constituency, it was facingstrong challenges to its rule in the 1870s and especially the 1880s. These threatswere directed not merely to the party’s control of state and local governmentbut to the very form of political organization by which that control had been...
4. The Demise of Democratic Localism and the Rise of Populism
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In the decade or so from the end of Reconstruction to the mid-1880s, NorthCarolina politics had developed certain patterns with respect to party poli-cy and organizational strategies, as discussed in the previous two chapters.The state Republican party had experienced its greatest success in its abilityto promote and take advantage of remarkably strong black political activity...
5. The Failed Alternatives to Democratic Rule: Movement-Party Disjunctions in Populism
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A core premise of this book has been that the ﬁt between patterns of socialrelations and mechanisms of political mobilization and established institu-tions is central to processes of power making. If patterns of social relations,which may or may not conform to preconceived social categories such as raceand class, change signiﬁcantly and powerholders fail to adapt to such changes...
6. Democrats Transformed, Democracy Undone
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By 1897, the weaknesses in both the Populist and Republican parties and thestrains in the relationship between them were becoming more and moremanifest. In addition to the disjunctures between the Alliance movement andparty organizations of populism, the Republican party also found itself be-set with internal organizational problems. Moreover, now that the fusion-...
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At the outset, I proposed that new insights into political power could begained by shifting attention away from standard questions of who and why(who made power and why did they do it, what was their motivation?) toquestions of how and when. The analysis suggests that the forces drivingNorth Carolina politics were never a mere product of class position or ra-...
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Page Count: 192
Publication Year: 2003