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Benjamin Franklin, Pennsylvania, and the First Nations

The Treaties of 1736-62

Susan Kalter

Publication Year: 2006

This is an annotated edition of the treaties between the British colonies and Indian nations, originally printed and sold by Benjamin Franklin. Last published in 1938, Benjamin Franklin, Pennsylvania, and the First Nations makes these important treaties available once again, featuring a simpler, easier-to-read format, extensive explanatory notes, and maps. A detailed introduction by Susan Kalter puts the treaties in their proper historical and cultural context. _x000B_This carefully researched edition shows these treaties to be complex intercultural documents, and provides significant insight into the British colonists' relationship with native peoples of North America. They also reveal the complexity of Benjamin Franklin's perceptions of Native Americans, showing him in some negotiations as a promoter of the Indian word against the colonial one. Finally, the treaties offer an enormous wealth of linguistic, aesthetic, and cultural information about the Iroquois, the Delawares, and their allies and neighbors. _x000B__x000B_

Published by: University of Illinois Press

front cover

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Title Page

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Copyright Page

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Table of Contents

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pp. v

List of Illustrations

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pp. vii

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pp. ix-xiv

This interdisciplinary edition of the Pennsylvania treaties that Benjamin Franklin printed is the first since Julian Boyd’s limited- issue printing of five hundred librarybound copies in 1938. A new edition to update his work could not realistically have been accomplished any sooner. Since the late thirties, a sea change in the approach to tribal- colonial relations...

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pp. 1-44

By the time Benjamin Franklin began to pay attention to the treaties that Pennsylvania colony was making with the Indian nations around its borders, the League of the Haudenosaunee was losing power. Western history has not successfully discovered how much prestige, influence, or dominance this original Iroquois Confederacy might have had with...

Editor's Note

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pp. 45-48


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September and October 1736

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pp. 49-62

The Chiefs of the Six Nations having been expected at Philadelphia these four Years past, to confirm the Treaty made with some of them, who came down in the Year 1732,1 Conrad Wyser our Interpreter, about the Beginning of this Month, advised from Tulpyhokin, that he had certain Intelligence from some Indians sent before him, that there was a large Number of those People with their Chiefs, arrived at Shamokin on Sasquehannah;...

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July 1742

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pp. 63-85

THE Deputies of the Six Nations having, at their last Visit, agreed to release their Claim to all the Land on both Sides of the River em>Sasquehanah, as far South as this Province extends, and to the Northward to those called the Endless Mountains or Kittochtinny Hills; in Consideration whereof, they then received a large Quantity of valuable Indian Goods for the Lands...

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June and July 1744

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pp. 86-122

The Governor and the Commissioners took some of the Indian Chiefs by the Hand, and, after they had seated themselves, the Governor bid them welcome into the Government; and there being Wine and Punch prepared for them, the Governor and the several Commissioners drank Health to the Six Nations; and Canassatego, Tachanoontia, and some other...

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October 1745

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pp. 123-141

Having been honoured with a Commission, authorizing us, the Subscribers, in Conjunction with the Governors of the Neighbouring Colonies, or their Delegates, or separately, to treat with the Indians of the Six United Nations at Albany, in October last; we think it our Duty to tender an Account of our Conduct therein; which be pleased to receive...

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November 1747

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pp. 142-148

THE Indian Warriors from Ohio, having arriv’d in Town on Wednesday, the President sent them a Message Yesterday, by Mr. Weiser, the Interpreter, to bid them welcome: And understanding that they were desirous to be heard To- day, he summon’d the Council for this Purpose. Mr. Weiser attending, he was sent to tell the Indians the Council was sitting, and ready...

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July 1748

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pp. 149-159

A PROCLAMATION was made for Silence, and then a Commission, in His Majesty’s Name, under the Great Seal of the Province, was read, constituting the honourable Benjamin Shoemaker, Joseph Turner, Thomas Hopkinson, and William Logan. Esquires, Commissioners to treat with these Indians; and the Interpreter was order’d to tell them the Purport...

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October 1753

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pp. 160-180

Immediately on our Arrival we conferred with Andrew Montour, and George Croghan, in order to know from them what had occasioned the present coming of the Indians, that we might, by their Intelligence, regulate our first Intercourse with them; and were informed, that tho’ their principal Design, when they left Ohio, was to hold a Treaty with the Government...

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July and November 1756

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pp. 181-225

I HAVE received an Account from Sir William Johnson, sent me by Sir Charles Hardy, Governor of New- York, that, immediately after the Council held at Fort Johnson, Deputies were dispatched by the Six Nations to Atsaningo, and that they convened the Delawares, Shawanese, and other Indians, from the several Towns on the Sasquehannah, to the Number of Three Hundred, to whom they delivered Messages from that Council, blaming...

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March, April, and May 1757

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pp. 226-254

May it please your Honour, IN Pursuance of your Instructions, as soon as I was informed of the Indians being come to John Harris’s, I set off from Philadelphia to meet them, and arrived at John Harris’s the 29th of March, 1757, where I met about One Hundred and Sixty Indians, Men, Women and Children, Part of eight Tribes. The Thirtieth, I examined...

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July and August 1757

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pp. 255-289

At a MEETING with TEEDYUSCUNG, King of the Delawares, living on Sasquehannah, who is impowered by the ten following Nations, viz. Lenopi, Wename, Munsey, Mawhickon, Tiawco, or Nanticokes, and the Senecas, Onondagoes, Cayugas, Oneidoes, and Mohawks to settle all Differences subsisting between them and their Brethren...

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October 1758

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pp. 290-333

At a MEETING held at Easton, on the Seventh of October, 1758. PRESENT, The Honourable WILLIAM DENNY, Esq; Lieutenant- Governor of the Province of Pennsylvania, Lawrence Growdon, Richard Peters, Lyn- Ford Lardner, Benjamin Chew..

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August 1761

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pp. 334-357

At a CONFERENCE with the Indians at Easton, on Monday the Third of August, 1761.1 PRESENT, The Honourable JAMES HAMILTON, Esq; Lieutenant- Governor; Richard Peters,...

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August 1762

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pp. 358-406

THE Governor having been informed last Week, at Philadelphia, that in Consequence of several Invitations sent by this Government, at sundry Times, to the Indians living on and near the Ohio, the Delaware Chief Beaver, and the Deputies of other Tribes of Western...

Glossary of Persons and Groups Mentioned in the Treaties

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pp. 407-424


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pp. 425-453

back cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9780252091582
Print-ISBN-13: 9780252030352

Page Count: 472
Publication Year: 2006

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania -- Treaties.
  • Indians of North America -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- Pennsylvania -- Sources.
  • Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790.
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