The Civil War Intrigues of Charles A. Dunham
Publication Year: 2004
Published by: University of Illinois Press
Download PDF (33.2 KB)
Download PDF (44.8 KB)
The puzzle is far from solved, but in recent years much has been learned of Charles A. Dunham (Sandford Conover), most notorious of the witnesses who swore that Abraham Lincoln’s assassination had been ordered in Richmond and planned in Canada. A good deal of this newer material— unknown to historians for more than a century ...
Download PDF (39.5 KB)
This book would not have been possible without the generosity of James O. Hall, noted Lincoln scholar, who offered crucial advice from the start and opened his extensive resources to me. Many others have been similarly generous, especially Joseph George Jr., professor emeritus at Villanova, who pointed me to important sources and shared unpublished material; ...
Download PDF (545.2 KB)
James Watson Wallace, Virginian officer recovering from war wounds, surfaced quietly in a remote corner of Canada East (Quebec) in the fall of 1864, at a time when the Civil War far to the south was coming to its bloody climax. At a time when Grant was squeezing in on Richmond, when Sheridan was scouring out the Shenandoah Valley, ...
2. "Cheats and Forgeries"
Download PDF (117.5 KB)
Some picture of Charles Dunham’s early life would obviously help in the attempt to understand the man who made himself into the Civil War’s most remarkable Chameleon. Unfortunately, that early life emerges only in a few uncertain images, mostly from his frauds and shady political games. ...
3. Castle Thunder
Download PDF (308.7 KB)
Charles Dunham’s four months in the Confederacy from April to July 1863 are in many ways the most fascinating of his career, bringing into focus, but without finally answering, the crucial questions of whether he was loyal to either side. A good deal is now known about that adventure, material that shows up mainly in two collections of Joseph Holt’s papers, ...
4. Reptile Journalist
Download PDF (436.3 KB)
If Dunham’s Southern adventure hints of a Washington connection, much stronger circumstantial evidence shows up in his year as a Northern “journalist” from the fall of 1863 to the fall of 1864, especially in his New York Tribune work as Sandford Conover. The range of his known fakes, not to mention suspected ones, ...
5. Southern Life
Download PDF (110.5 KB)
Throughout the Civil War, Northerners were hungry to learn of conditions in the Confederacy, and Charles Dunham’s reports helped satisfy that desire. As William Hanchett would note much later, Dunham’s sketches of Southern life were vivid, ranging from the distress of Richmond’s old elites and the spread of prisons and brothels ...
6. Fire in the Rear
Download PDF (478.8 KB)
If Charles Dunham’s career in Canada was a riddle wrapped in an enigma, the enigma was the Confederates’ “fire in the rear” campaign, mounted in the summer and fall of 1864 to get at the Union along its vulnerable northern border. Both his employer (if he had one) and his motives are still unclear. ...
7. A Message from Richmond
Download PDF (393.2 KB)
If Abraham Lincoln’s assassination provides a textbook case of a nation in trauma, Dunham’s performance is a model of cynical exploitation. Literally, the death transformed his life. Left as flotsam on the edge of a receding war, he now found himself a center of attention. Wild inventions he had written months before became evidential gems. ...
8. "Private Business"
Download PDF (152.8 KB)
The point when Charles Dunham’s many identities began to melt together can be set precisely: at just after 2 P.M. on June 8, 1865, in the William Ennis saloon in Montreal, at the corner of Great St. James and McGill Streets. On that day, “Wallace” and “Moseby” were meeting with smuggler John (Dick) Cameron, ...
9. School for Perjury
Download PDF (152.2 KB)
In the summer of 1865, Dunham launched his most intricate (and best-documented) game, still exploiting Holt’s lust to hang Jefferson Davis. On July 26, nineteen days after the Washington executions, at a time when he was being widely attacked, he sent Holt a tantalizing offer: ...
10. Plots "Shrewd and Devilish"
Download PDF (169.0 KB)
The six-month period between Dunham’s exposure in May 1866 and his arrest in November are as Byzantine as anything in his career. It appears that during this time he did an astounding turnaround and conspired with a group of leading ex-Confederates, and also with James Gordon Bennett of the New York Herald, to bring down Joseph Holt and free Jefferson Davis ...
11. Scorpions in a Bottle
Download PDF (110.1 KB)
Charles Dunham’s prosecution for perjury, when it finally came, was begun reluctantly, was limited in scope, and was marked by a series of bizarre and unexplained happenings. At one point in the process, the prosecution actually blocked testimony from a key Dunham friend who could have greatly widened the revelations. ...
Download PDF (539.0 KB)
Dunham’s part in the Radical Republican attempt to bring down President Andrew Johnson was his last big play, and one of the most astonishing of an astonishing life. It is also, like so much in his record, still open to interpretation. Either he or his Radical allies (or both) told outrageous lies about their dealings. ...
13. "Protean Maneuvers"
Download PDF (81.5 KB)
Five days after the White House released Dunham’s packet of documents betraying the Radical Republicans, his victims struck back by publishing, on August 15, 1867, the four depositions on his alleged plot the summer before with friends of Jefferson Davis. While these documents showed the full range of the Chameleon’s loyalty swings, ...
14. Letters from Albany
Download PDF (196.2 KB)
Dunham’s letters from prison at Albany serve as a last resource of material revealing his views and actions. Among other things, they show that in the penitentiary he kept on plotting and scheming over fakes such as the Booth-Johnson correspondence, at one point subtly threatening to write memoirs that would feature these embarrassing documents. ...
Download PDF (258.9 KB)
Download PDF (80.2 KB)
Download PDF (111.0 KB)
Page Count: 328
Publication Year: 2004