Women's Movements in Twentieth-Century Taiwan
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: University of Illinois Press
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I wish to thank the Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange for the Visiting Fellowship to Taiwan in the summer of 2006. I also wish to express my sincere gratitude to Chung Shu-min and Hsu Hsueh-chih of the Institute of Taiwan History for inviting me to conduct research at Academia Sinica. ...
Chronology of Taiwan's History
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Since the 1970s, several books in the English language have discussed women’s movements in mainland China during the twentieth century. The Chinese origin of most Taiwanese notwithstanding, no comparable study in the West has examined the political factors that contributed to the emergence of a Taiwanese women’s movement in the 1920s, ...
1. Feminist Discourses and Women's Movements under Japanese Colonial Rule, 1895-1945
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In the early 1920s, Taiwanese feminist discourse emerged in the context of the Japanese colonial government’s limited tolerance of political dissent. Beginning in the 1920s, the Taiwanese students who studied in China and Japan served as transmitters of a liberal strand of feminism and women’s rights ideology (J: joken shugi; C: nüquan zhuyi) ...
2. The Kuomintang Policies on Women and Government-Affiliated Women's Organizations
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In 1949, four years after Taiwan was reintegrated into the Chinese polity, Chinese Communist troops defeated the Chinese Nationalists (Kuomintang) and the Kuomintang transferred the government to Taiwan. Prior to its arrival on the island, the Kuomintang promulgated civil codes and policies on mainland China dealing with women’s issues. ...
3. Hsiu-lien Annette Lu: The Pioneering Stage of the Postwar Autonomous Women's Movement and the Democratic Opposition, 1972-79
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On the occasion of International Women’s Day in 1972, Lu Hsiu-lien (Hsiulien Annette Lu) made a speech at the law school of National Taiwan University that launched the autonomous women’s movement in postwar Taiwan. This autonomous social movement emerged from the Taiwanese middle class ...
4. Lee Yuan-chen and Awakening, 1982-89
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In 1982, one of Lu Hsiu-lien’s feminist associates in the 1970s, Lee Yuan-chen, emerged as a leading figure in Taiwan’s autonomous women’s movement. In the same year, Lee and other feminists (nüxing zhuyi zhe) founded Awakening (Funü xinzhi), a monthly magazine for feminist intellectuals and activists. ...
5. The Autonomous Women's Movement and Feminist Discourse in the Post-Martial Law Era
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After the revocation of martial law in 1987, Taiwan’s democratization facilitated the diversification of feminist discourses and the creation of non-governmental women’s organizations. Rather than providing a comprehensive analysis of all such organizations during the period, this chapter will focus selectively on organizations that address specific women’s issues. ...
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As we have seen, Taiwan’s democratization in the post–martial law period facilitated the diversification of feminist discourses and non-governmental women’s organizations. The revision of family laws and the enactment of the Gender Equality in Employment Law also significantly enhanced women’s rights and status. ...
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Page Count: 248
Publication Year: 2009