Alice Paul and the American Suffrage Campaign
Publication Year: 2007
Published by: University of Illinois Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
Download PDF (144.0 KB)
Download PDF (144.9 KB)
Kate is writing her share of these acknowledgments at her father’s house, to which she has fled from Hurricane Katrina. She would like to thank her father, James R. Hodges, and her son, Cole Adams, who both went with her to Washington to do...
Download PDF (412.4 KB)
Who are the best known figures of the woman suἀrage movement in the United States? Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Lucretia Mott. They had all died by 1906, however, and women did not achieve the vote until 1920. Who, then, carried on their work and secured the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment...
1. Alice Paul’s Formation
Download PDF (444.5 KB)
In December of 1912, Alice Paul boarded a train in Philadelphia to move to Washington, D.C. She was on her way there to represent the National American Woman Suἀrage Association (NAWSA) in Congress as chair of its Congressional Committee and...
2. The Commitment to Nonviolence
Download PDF (412.2 KB)
As Alice Paul began her suἀrage work in Washington in December of 1912, she did so with a strong sense of testimony. Through her extensive experience with philanthropic work and her education in women’s history, she had come to realize that she did...
3. Reaching the Group through Words and Pictures
Download PDF (723.3 KB)
In 1913 the women’s suἀrage movement in the United States was dispersed over a large country, with countless groups functioning separately and with many of them discouraged by state defeats. In the spring of that year, as Alice Paul developed plans for...
4. Parades and Other Events Escalating the Nonviolent Pressure
Download PDF (567.6 KB)
Throughout the campaign for suἀrage, Alice Paul felt that her combination of individual letters, circular letters, the Suἀragist, and press bulletins provided the necessary written persuasion for her supporters and the larger public. But Paul also felt—as did Gandhi—that...
5. Lobbying and Deputations
Download PDF (424.5 KB)
As Alice Paul established her organization and began planning nonviolent events, she was aware that parades and tours might not by themselves accomplish her goals of educating a legislature, president, and nation. She knew that she had to find ways to go directly to leaders of the Democratic Party and to Woodrow Wilson, who...
6. The Political Boycott
Download PDF (389.5 KB)
As Alice Paul pursued legislators and the president with the twin goals of educating them about suἀrage and publicizing their repeated denials of women’s rights, she was also trying to bring pressure on them during elections, to make use of the power women already had as voters in the West. Along with staging parades and other events...
7. Picketing Wilson
Download PDF (518.8 KB)
At the end of 1916, Paul felt that new techniques would be necessary to make a further impact on Wilson and his Democratic Party. Suἀragists had lobbied assiduously. They had met with Wilson within the White House and without. They had held parades, mounted tableaux, and traveled cross-country. They had boycotted the Democratic....
8. Hunger Strikes and Jail
Download PDF (539.3 KB)
To engage Americans and gain their sympathy, throughout the fall Paul was shifting the focus of her rhetoric, maintaining the picket line and banners but emphasizing the jail terms that shocked newspaper readers across the country. Women continued to picket...
9. At Nonviolent War
Download PDF (297.5 KB)
A year of picketing, arrests, punishments, and abuse, which had begun with Inez Milholland’s death on November 25, 1916, had certainly given the National Woman’s Party (NWP) a national audience. Alice Paul and her supporters could not be ignored....
Download PDF (230.3 KB)
The Sixty-Sixth Congress convened on May 19, 1919, with the president at the Peace Conference in Versailles. The NWP worked on getting prosuἀrage Democrats and the president to influence those senators who still opposed the amendment. Wilson had met, for example, with Democrat William J. Harris of Georgia, who went...
Download PDF (386.3 KB)
Download PDF (362.8 KB)
About the Author, Publication Information, Back Cover
Download PDF (432.3 KB)
Page Count: 296
Publication Year: 2007