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The Collected Works of Benjamin Hawkins

Written by Benjamin Hawkins and introduction by Howard Thomas Foster

Publication Year: 2003

A comprehensive collection of the most important sources on the late historic Creek Indians and their environment.

In 1795 Benjamin Hawkins, a former U.S. senator and advisor to George Washington, was appointed U.S. Indian agent and superintendent of all the tribes south of the Ohio River. Unlike most other agents, he lived among the Creek Indians for his entire tenure, from 1796 to 1816. Journeying forth from his home on the Flint River in Georgia, he served southeastern Indians as government intermediary during one of the longest eras of peace in the historic period.

Hawkins's journals provide detailed information about European-Indian relations in the 18th-century frontier of the South. His descriptions of the natural and cultural environment are considered among the best sources for the ethnohistory of the Choctaw, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and, especially, the Creek Indians and the natural history of their territory.

Two previously published bodies of work by Benjamin Hawkins are included here-A Sketch of the Creek Country in the Years 1798 and 1799 and The Letters of Benjamin Hawkins 1796-1806. A third body of work that has never been published, "A Viatory or Journal of Distances" (describing routes and distances of a 3,578-mile journey through parts of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi), has been added. Together, these documents make up the known body of Hawkins' work—his talks, treaties, correspondence, aboriginal vocabularies, travel journals, and records of the manners, customs, rites, and civil polity of the tribes. Hawkins' work provides an invaluable record of the time period.

Published by: The University of Alabama Press


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pp. vi-vi

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pp. vii-xxiv

Benjamin Hawkins (1754-1816), a Revolutionary War soldier and former United States senator from North Carolina, lived among and wrote about the southeastern Indians during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Born in colonial North Carolina into a landowning family, he became involved in politics when he was elected...

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A Viatory or Journal of Distances and Observations

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pp. 1j-89j

The following is a transcription of the journal entitled ''A Viatory or Journal of Distances and Observations by Col. Hawkins" in possession of the Library of Congress...

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A Sketch of the Creek Country in the Years 1798 and 1799

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pp. 3s-88s

THE Georgia Historical Society having, for some years, been in possession of several manuscript volumes of the late Colonel Benjamin Hawkins, the earliest agent of thp, United States for IndiaIl Affairs, their examination and publication by the Society, became an object of interest. Accordingly, they were referred to a comnlittee, whose...

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Letters of Benjamin Hawkins, 1796-1806

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pp. 3-500

This volume contains the writings of Col. Benjamin Hawkins, the United States Agent for Indian Affairs South of the Ohio River, covering a period from 1796 to 1806. The original manuscripts have been in the possession of the Georgia Historical Society for about three-quarters of a century, and as a contribution...


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pp. 501-511

E-ISBN-13: 9780817383718
Print-ISBN-13: 9780817350406

Page Count: 716
Publication Year: 2003

OCLC Number: 607038424
MUSE Marc Record: Download for The Collected Works of Benjamin Hawkins

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Subject Headings

  • Hawkins, Benjamin, 1754-1816 -- Correspondence.
  • Hawkins, Benjamin, 1754-1816 -- Diaries.
  • Creek Indians -- History -- Sources.
  • Indians of North America -- Government relations -- 1789-1869.
  • Indian agents -- Southern States -- History -- Sources.
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