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Languages of the Pre-Columbian Antilles
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A linguistic analysis supporting a new model of the colonization of the Antilles before 1492.

This work formulates a testable hypothesis of the origins and migration patterns of the aboriginal peoples of the Greater Antilles (Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico), the Lucayan Islands (the Commonwealth of the Bahamas and the Crown Colony of the Turks and Caicos), the Virgin Islands, and the northernmost of the Leeward Islands, prior to European contact. Using archaeological data as corroboration, the authors synthesize evidence that has been available in scattered locales for more than 500 years but which has never before been correlated and critically examined.

Within any well-defined geographical area (such as these islands), the linguistic expectation and norm is that people speaking the same or closely related language will intermarry, and, by participating in a common gene pool, will show similar socioeconomic and cultural traits, as well as common artifact preferences. From an archaeological perspective, the converse is deducible: artifact inventories of a well-defined sociogeographical area are likely to have been created by speakers of the same or closely related language or languages.

Languages of the Pre-Columbian Antilles presents information based on these assumptions. The data is scant—scattered words and phrases in Spanish explorers' journals, local place names written on maps or in missionary records—but the collaboration of the authors, one a linguist and the other an archaeologist, has tied the linguistics to the ground wherever possible and allowed the construction of a framework with which to understand the relationships, movements, and settlement patterns of Caribbean peoples before Columbus arrived.

"This exhaustive study . . . does a splendid job in pulling together the disparate data of the Ta&iactue;no and other pre-Contact languages of the Caribbean and organizing them into a coherent whole."—Charles Ewen, East Carolina University

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page/Copyright
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  1. Contents
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  1. Figures
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Tables
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. 1. The Pre-Columbian Antilles: An Overview of Research and Sources
  2. pp. 1-6
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  1. 2. The Languages of the Greater Antilles: A Documentary View
  2. pp. 7-25
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  1. 3. Anomalous Non-Ta
  2. pp. 26-38
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  1. 4. The Primary Archaeological Correlates of Language Data from the Greater Antilles and Their Outliers
  2. pp. 39-47
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  1. 5. Languages of the Greater Antilles: A Working Hypothesis
  2. pp. 48-50
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  1. 6. The Languages of the Lesser Antilles and Their Archaeological Correlates
  2. pp. 51-62
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  1. 7. The Toponymic Method and the Derivation of Ta
  2. pp. 63-79
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  1. 8. Toponyms and the Settlement of the Lucayan Islands: A Methodological Test
  2. pp. 80-86
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  1. 9. Some Principles of Ta
  2. pp. 87-99
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  1. 10. A Short Lexicon of Ta
  2. pp. 100-122
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  1. 11. Antillean Languages: An Afterview
  2. pp. 123-132
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  1. References
  2. pp. 133-148
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 149-153
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