Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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pp. v-v

List of Illustrations

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-ix

This book was first undertaken more than a decade ago and evolved through what seems to be a common process of fits and starts. In finally completing it, we owe gratitude to the prodding and contributions of many of our colleagues, particularly Dena F. Dincauze, Linda Scott Cummings, Rebecca S. Orfila, and Jerry Schaefer. The work on this book ...

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1. Introduction

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pp. 1-24

Paleonutrition is the analysis of human prehistoric diet and the interpretation of dietary intake in relation to health and nutrition. In essence, paleonutrition assesses prehistoric diets to determine the biological and cultural implications for individuals as well as the population as a whole, placing archaeological interpretations into an anthropological ...

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2. The Paleonutrition Data Base: Direct Data

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pp. 25-67

In this chapter, we discuss the kinds of data that relate directly to human paleonutrition, or those data that do not require an inference to be linked to human diet and health (see Sutton 1994). Direct data are relatively uncommon components of archaeological sites and are currently limited to two basic categories: (1) the study of human remains, ...

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3. The Paleonutrition Data Base: Indirect Data

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pp. 68-101

Indirect data are those that cannot be directly and unequivocally attributed to human consumption and so can only be used to infer aspects of human paleonutrition. Such data form the majority of information considered by archaeologists (see Sutton 1994). Categories of indirect data include visible faunal and botanical remains, most ...

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4. Issues in the Recovery of Paleonutritional Data

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pp. 102-155

There is a variety of methods used to recover archaeological mate-rials important for paleonutritional analyses. These methods are dependent on the type of site that is being excavated, the types of matrix and strata from which the remains are recovered, and the kinds of research questions being asked. The most important step in the recovery of such ...

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5. Interpretation and Integration

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pp. 156-170

Many of the archaeological data currently available on past human behavior are related to food acquisition and consumption. These data include ecofacts (e.g., seeds, bones), artifacts (e.g., procurement and processing tools), architectural remains (e.g., storage features), and settlement patterns (e.g., the distribution of food procurement sites across the ...

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6. Case Studies

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pp. 171-238

This chapter presents five case studies on paleonutrition and related issues. Three of these case studies come from North America, including the Great Basin, the American Southwest, and the northern Coachella Valley of California. Two come from Africa, one from east Africa and one from northern Sudan. The topics of these case studies cover a wide range ...

References

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pp. 239-362

Index and About the Authors

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pp. 363-372