Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Table of Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

Notes on Translations and Transcription and Typographical Conventions

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-xi

List of Abbreviations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xiii-xiv

read more

Introduction: The Medieval French Jewish Community in Its Linguistic Context

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-25

A thirteenth-century text called the Desputoison du juyf et du crestien (Disputation between the Jew and the Christian) records a fictional debate between two men.1 Though side by side, they seem to come from two different worlds, separated not only by creed but also language. The text begins with the Christian declaring one of the mysteries of his faith, the virgin birth, in...

read more

Chapter 1. Language and Identity

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 26-59

Near the end of the first millennium, it is told, a Jewish apostate from Blois named Sehoq ben Esther Israeli made his way to a city on the edge of Tsare-fat, where he hid his apostasy, married, and pursued all manner of wickedness.1 Not satisfied with being ‘‘ruler and judge’’ in his wife’s home,2 Sehoq plotted to take over the property of a pious Jew who lived nearby, hiring ...

read more

Chapter 2. Speech and Silence, Male and Female in Jewish-Christian Relations: Blois, 1171

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 60-88

All seven things given in Prov. 6:16–19 as being abominations to the Lord appear in the initial Hebrew account of the so-called Blois incident of 1171. The account, known as the Orleans letter, does not refer to Prov. 6:16–19 explicitly, but it is possible that the letter writers leaned on it as they attempted to find meaning in the needless deaths of over thirty innocent Jews who were burned on May 26 (20 Sivan 4931 in the Hebrew calendar) under the jurisdiction of Count Thibalt V of Blois.1 ...

read more

Chapter 3. Texts of Two Colors

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 89-123

The corpus of Jewish literature in Old French is similar in many respects to the set of oldest texts written in French. From the ninth century, we have only two Old French texts: the Oaths of Strasbourg and the Sequence of Saint Eulalia. The tenth century has left us with three: fragments of a bilingual sermon on Jonah, a Passion, and the Life of Saint Leger, the last two in the ...

read more

Chapter 4. Hebrew-French Wedding Songs: Expressions of Identity

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 124-150

The historian Gabrielle Spiegel has written, "All texts, to the degree that they formed part of the oral culture of lay society or entered into it by being read aloud, enjoyed a public, collective status as vehicles through which the community reaffirmed its sense of historical identity."1 This is perhaps especially true of texts that were transmitted orally as part of public rituals. Rituals ...

read more

Epilogue

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 151-154

Most surviving Jewish texts from medieval Europe are written in Hebrew, although, in daily life, Jews spoke the vernaculars of their communities. The textual legacy of this vernacular existence is relatively small, but it is an essential component of the study of Jewish culture and identity. Taking medieval French-speaking Jewish communities in Tsarefat and their Hebraico-French...

Appendix 1. Hebraico-French Glosses and Text

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 155-158

Appendix 2. The Medieval Jewish Wedding Song ‘Uri liqra’ti yafah, gentis kallah einoreie

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 159-174

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 175-216

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 217-244

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 245-252

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 253-254

Most of the material in this book has never before appeared in print, with the exception of certain primary texts and glosses that have already been edited and published. I have benefited, however, from the opportunity to present much of the material here before various audiences. A version of Chapter 1 was presented at the 37th Annual Association for Jewish Studies...