Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Table of Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

read more

Chapter 1: Indivisible, Interdependent, and Interrelated Human Rights

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-10

It is often said that all human rights are “indivisible, interdependent, and interrelated.” This tripartite formulation is taken as given. In recent years, the United Nations has boldly declared that the indivisibility, interdependency, and interrelatedness of human rights is “beyond dispute.” This is an interesting claim, considering that this book explores the unsettled and contested nature of the indivisibility of especially the...

read more

Chapter 2: Antecedents of the Universal Declaration

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 11-31

Any history of indivisible human rights would be impossible to convey without exploring the centrality of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights to that history. The contemporary rhetoric of indivisibility draws significant normative support from the organic unity of the Universal Declaration—that it includes civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights while drawing no explicit distinctions between these categories (although they are there). Johannes Morsink argues that the...

read more

Chapter 3: International Guarantees and State Responsibility before the Universal Declaration

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 32-58

While both this chapter and the previous one examine the genealogical antecedents of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, each explores a different dimension of the same question. The central question explored in Chapter 2 was how various bills of rights related economic and social rights to civil and political rights within a catalogue of rights...

read more

Chapter 4: From Declaration to Covenant

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 59-86

When the Commission on Human Rights was established by the U.N. Economic and Social Council on February 16, 1946, its first order of business was to draft an international bill of rights.1 As originally conceived, this bill was to include a declaration of principles, a legally binding convention, and measures of implementation. By 1947, the Commission...

read more

Chapter 5: Including Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 87-111

In Chapter 3, I offered a variety of views—our received wisdom—about the West and its position on economic, social, and cultural rights. Despite significant evidence pointing to more nuanced interpretations about this question, this debate continues.1 Was the United States really opposed to economic, social, and cultural rights? A review of internal U.S. State Department memoranda and instructions that would be sent...

read more

Chapter 6: Division of the Covenant

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 112-135

The story of the Covenants so far has been about the decision to include, and the process of including, economic, social, and cultural rights alongside civil rights in a single, legally binding treaty. The seventh session of the Commission on Human Rights in 1951 devoted nearly all of its time drafting substantive—yet generally worded—articles on economic, social, and cultural rights, and a system of self-reported supervision for the...

read more

Chapter 7: Indivisibility as Postcolonial Revisionism: 1952–1968

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 136-154

The adoption of General Assembly Resolution 543 (VI) in 1952 closed a very important chapter in the history of human rights in the United Nations. The debates surrounding the manner in which the principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights would be translated into the legally binding obligations of states revealed in many ways how different...

read more

Chapter 8: Indivisibility as Economic Justice: 1968–1986

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 155-175

By the 1970s, the aspirations of the 1960s that emerged in U.N. discourse, attaching interstate political and economic justice goals to human rights, increasingly became demands during the 1970s, starting with the New International Economic Order. As discussed in Chapter 7, the rhetoric of indivisibility was deployed to prioritize economic, social, and cultural rights over civil and political rights, and the only way...

read more

Chapter 9: Indivisibility as Restoration: 1986–2009

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 176-206

In February 2009, Moses Moskowitz died at the age of eighty. For decades he had been the Secretary-General of the Consultative Council of Jewish Organizations (an NGO observer at the U.N.) and was closely involved in the development of human rights at the United Nations from its earliest days. In 1958, he wrote one of the first comprehensive...

read more

Chapter 10: Indivisible Human Rights: Past and Future

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 207-214

As we have seen, the concept of indivisible, interdependent, and interrelated human rights has had a rich and deep history. The terms have been used by diplomats, activists, scholars, and advocates to both describe and explain something about the nature of human rights themselves and the relationships between the two grand categories of rights...

read more

Appendix. Covenants on Human Rights: Drafting Procedures and Timeline

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 215-217

During the time period covered in Chapters 4–6, the U.N. calendar was based on the convening of the General Assembly in the fall of any particular year. This meant that the work of the main bodies of the U.N. and their subsidiaries—in this case, the Economic and Social Council and the Commission on Human Rights—needed to be completed in advance of the opening session of the General Assembly. The Commission...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 219-259

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 260-262

Indexs

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 263-269

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 270-270

The help, advice, and guidance of many people animate this work. I would like to thank especially Jack Donnelly, David Levine, and Nicholas Onuf for inspiring me and extending to me enormous patience as I let the project simmer and stew. Several colleagues at the University of Denver’s Korbel School of International Studies, especially Tom Farer, Frank Laird, Micheline Ishay, Alan Gilbert, and George DeMartino...