WONDERGENES

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. i-i

Title page, Copyright, Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ii-v

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vi-vii

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-ix

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-4

The call comes into the Ski Patrol at dusk. "Family reports their eleven-year-old son didn't show up at the end of the day. His friends say he went out of bounds on his snowboard, heading over toward Crystal Cliffs."...

read more

1 An Announcement at the White House

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 6-10

"Nearly two centuries ago, in this room, on this floor, Thomas Jefferson and a trusted aide spread out a magnificent map-a map Jefferson had long prayed he would get to see in his lifetime. The aide was Meriwether Lewis and the map was the product of his courageous expedition across the American frontier, all the way to the Pacific. It was a map that defined the contours ...

read more

2 Scientific Foundations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 11-17

In the nuclei of the cells in our body are chromosomes. These are long strands of a molecule called DNA (short for deoxyribonucleic acid), wound up tightly to fit in the confined space of the nucleus. Most normal cell nuclei contain two sets of these chromosomes, one set inherited...

read more

3 Four Revolutions

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 18-51

The unraveling of the mystery of the genome has led to a number of developments with profound implications for society. To understand the prospects for genetic enhancement, it is first necessary to understand these developments. THE REVOLUTION IN FORENSIC GENETICS One of the first applications of new genetic knowledge to have a major impact on society was the use of DNA to identify people. This has given rise to the new field of forensic genetics. While this is ...

read more

4 The Fifth Revolution

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 52-65

When the human genome is completely unraveled, we will discover the genes not just for diseases or anti-social behaviors, but those that interact with the environment to produce all heritable physical and mental characteristics. Once the proteins associated with these characteristics are identified, we will be able to create ...

read more

5 Safety and Effectiveness

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 66-82

As we saw in the previous chapter, genetic enhancement potentially could produce major changes in human abilities and characteristics. Yet some skeptics, we know, disagree. For them, all this talk about genetic enhancement is just hype. Enhancement simply ...

read more

6 Autonomy

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 83-94

Among the fundamental tenets of modern biomedical ethics, none is more basic than the right of self-determination. Physicians must obtain their patients' permission before proceeding to treat them, and acquiesce to a refusal even if it means the patient's death. Despite its centrality, self-determination in medical decision ...

read more

7 Authenticity

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 95-100

If individuals knowingly and voluntarily agreed to be genetically enhanced, or if the benefits so clearly outweighed the risks that we permitted children and others to be enhanced despite their inability to consent, we would face the question of how to value their accomplishments. Should a race won by a genetically enhanced athlete count the same as a race won by dint of years of training...

read more

8 Access

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 101-107

Among the fundamental tenets of modern biomedical ethics, none is more basic than the right of self-determination. Physicians must obtain their patients' permission before proceeding to treat them, and acquiesce to a refusal even if it means the patient's death. Despite its centrality, self-determination in medical decision ...

read more

9 Inequality and Unfairness

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 108-120

Since genetic enhancements will not be available to everyone, those who can afford to purchase them with private funds will gain abilities that others can attain only with a great deal of time and hard work, or, more likely, not at all. What happens when the enhanced, with their superior talents, interact with the unenhanced? This could occur in all sorts of situations: personal relationships; professional relationships ...

read more

10 Hubris

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 121-125

The prospect of powerful genetic enhancement technologies available only to the well-to-do renders the future of society exceedingly bleak. Great rewards will go to those who can afford the most extensive enhancements, rather than to those who earn by determination and hard work. Under relentless

read more

11 Solutions

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 126-154

The foregoing chapters describe a future in which genetic enhancement exacerbates the natural disparities between individuals, leading to the creation of a genetic aristocracy that invalidates the belief in equality of opportunity. Germ line enhancement cements the privileged status of the genobility. Democracy is a thing of the past. Society succumbs to tyranny or chaos as the genobility ...

read more

12 Better Solutions

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 155-191

A complete embargo on genetic enhancement is as impractical as it is unenforceable. Researchers will perfect enhancement technologies even if they are barred from receiving federal funds for doing so. Perhaps not as quickly, but eventually. People will illegally enhance themselves and their children. Not everyone, perhaps, and not as many as if enhancements were freely available to...

Spotting Enhancement

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 192-196

Conclusion

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 197-200

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 201-216

Index, About the Author

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 217-227

MEDICAL ETHICS SERIES

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 228-228