Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Frontmatter

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Which Lessons Matter?

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-x

read more

1. Analogies, Choice and Foreign Policy

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-34

Since World War II, such statements have become commonplace. So common, that it would be difficult to guess with any degree of certainty who made this statement and in what context. It could be Harry Truman reacting to the invasion of South Korea; Anthony Eden talking about Egypt’s seizure of the Suez Canal; Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, or Nixon concerning the Vietnam War; Jimmy Carter responding to the…

read more

2. The Historical Repertoire

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 35-45

One of the central questions that an analogical approach to decision making must answer is, why do policy makers select the lessons they do? Out of an entire universe of possibilities, why do policy makers select particular historical events and lessons to base their policy on? The first step toward answering this question is to recognize that all historical analogies are not created equal. Instead of…

read more

3. The Rise and Fall of Analogies: The Carter Administration and the Hostage Crisis

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 47-90

On the morning of 4 November 1979, a crowd of Iranian protesters gathered outside the U.S. embassy in Tehran. Protests against the U.S. presence in Iran were nothing new. Since the overthrow of the American-supported Shah earlier in the year, anti-United States rallies had become commonplace. With news reaching Iran that the United States had admitted the…

read more

4. Evading an Analogy: The Legacy of the Iranian Hostage Crisis and Policy toward Hostages in Lebanon

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 91-141

One of Ronald Reagan’s happiest moments as President came very early in his term, when he welcomed the American hostages home from Iran.1 Unfortunately for Reagan, American captives held abroad also provided some of the darkest moments for his tenure in the White House. Throughout 1984 and 1985, seven Americans were taken hostage in…

read more

5. The Lessons of History and Foreign Policy: Results and Areas for Further Study

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 143-156

The central purpose of this book has been to contribute to the study of foreign policy by taking ideas seriously and attempting to answer the critical but often unexplored questions of which ideas matter and why. This study has focused on one particular type of idea, the historical analogy. While there is general agreement…

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 157-195

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 197-208

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 209-217