In this Book

Public documents from Sinnar
summary

This selection of Arabic and English translations illuminations the changes of eighteenth-century government in the northern Nile Valley of Sudan, and provides reliable chronological points of reference for the history of the region.  
      The documents offered in this volume, including charter grants of land and privilege, administrative letters, judicial rulings, and other official government records, date form 1702 to 1820. This period marks the apogee of the wealth, power, and geographical extent of the realm of the Funji kings of Sinnar who reigned over much of the Sudan from about 1500 until the Turkish colonial conquest of 1821.  
      These records document with concrete precision and eloquence the dissolution of the agrarian social order of an old African kingdom under the corroding influence of intrusive Mediterranean commercial practices and culture. They reveal the Sudan's legacy of a traditionally weak government vulnerable to manipulation or conquest by foreign powers and a divided and impoverished society dominated by a minority of urban interests.  
 

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. ix-xi
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  1. Acknowledgement
  2. pp. xii-xiii
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  1. A Note on Conventions
  2. pp. xiv-xvi
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-31
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  1. The Central Government
  2. pp. 33-241
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  1. Document 1: Laissez-passer of Badi b. Unsa
  2. pp. 33-36
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  1. Document 2: Charter of Badi b. Nol
  2. pp. 37-41
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  1. Document 3: Charter of Badi b. Nol
  2. pp. 42-43
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  1. Document 4: Charter of `Abd al-`Aziz b. Muhammad al-Mahdi
  2. pp. 44-47
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  1. Document 5: Charter of Badi b. Nol
  2. pp. 48-51
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  1. Document 6: Charter of Rahma b. Yunus
  2. pp. 52-55
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  1. Document 7: Charter of Badi b. Nol
  2. pp. 56-59
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  1. Document 8: Charter of Badi b. Nol
  2. pp. 60-65
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  1. Document 9: Charter of Badi b. Nol
  2. pp. 66-70
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  1. Document 10: Charter of Badi b. Nol
  2. pp. 71-75
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  1. Document 11: Qur'an colophon from the court of Badi b. Nol
  2. pp. 76-79
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  1. Document 12: Charter of Badi b. Nol
  2. pp. 80-88
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  1. Document 13: Kettledrum inscription of Badi b. Nol
  2. p. 89
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  1. Document 14: Charter of Nasir b. Badi
  2. pp. 90-101
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  1. Document 15: Charter of Nasir b. Badi
  2. pp. 102-108
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  1. Document 16: Charter of Nasir b. Badi
  2. pp. 109-115
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  1. Document 17: Letter of Muhammad Abu Likaylik
  2. pp. 116-118
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  1. Document 18: Charter of Isma`il b. Badi
  2. pp. 119-128
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  1. Document 19: Laissez-passer of Isma'il b. Badi
  2. pp. 129-130
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  1. Document 20: Laissez-passer of `Adlan b. Subahi
  2. pp. 131-133
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  1. Document 21: Laissez-passer of' Adlan b. Subahi
  2. pp. 134-135
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  1. Document 22: Charter of Isma`il b. Badi
  2. pp. 136-140
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  1. Document 23: Charter of Badi b. Rajab
  2. pp. 141-145
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  1. Document 24: Charter of ` Adlan b. Isma`il
  2. pp. 146-156
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  1. Document 25: Charter of ` Adlan b. Isma`il
  2. pp. 157-167
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  1. Document 26: Charter of Ibrahim b. Muhammad Abu Likaylik
  2. pp. 168-169
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  1. Document 27: Charter of Nasir b. Muhammad Abu Likaylik (?)
  2. pp. 170-174
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  1. Document 28: Charter of Badi b. Dakin
  2. pp. 175-179
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  1. Document 29: Letter of Nasir b. Muhammad Abu Likaylik
  2. pp. 180-183
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  1. Document 30: Charter of `Adlan b. Muhammad Abu Likaylik
  2. pp. 184-189
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  1. Document 31: Letter of Nasir b. Muhammad Abu Likaylik
  2. pp. 190-191
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  1. Document 32: Charter of Ranfa b. Badi
  2. pp. 192-196
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  1. Document 33: Charter of `Umar b. Ibrahim
  2. pp. 197-202
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  1. Document 34: Letter of Idris b. Muhammad Abu Likaylik
  2. pp. 203-204
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  1. Document 35: Charter of Muhammad b. `Adlan b. Muhammad Abu Likaylik
  2. pp. 205-211
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  1. Document 36: Charter of Muhammad b. ` Adlan b. Muhammad Abu Likaylik
  2. p. 212
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  1. Document 37: Seal of Wawrit b. Harun
  2. p. 213
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  1. Document 38: Charter of Muhammad b. `Adlan b. Muhammad Abu Likaylik
  2. pp. 214-219
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  1. Document 39: Charter of Husayn b. Muhammad Abu Likaylik
  2. pp. 220-225
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  1. Document 40: Charter of Badi b.Tabl
  2. pp. 226-231
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  1. Document 41: Charter of Badi b. Tabl
  2. pp. 232-233
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  1. Document 42: Charter of Husayn b. Muhammad Abu Likaylik
  2. pp. 234-238
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  1. Document 43: Letter of Muhammad b. `Adlan b. Muhammad Abu Likaylik
  2. pp. 239-241
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  1. The Northern Provincial Government
  2. pp. 242-349
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  1. Document 44: Charter of Hammad b. `Ali
  2. pp. 242-246
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  1. Document 45: Letter of Hammad b. ` Ajib
  2. pp. 247-250
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  1. Document 46: Charter of Dayf Allah b. Muhammad
  2. pp. 251-261
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  1. Document 47: Charter of `Ajib b. ` Abd Allah
  2. pp. 262-266
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  1. Document 48: Charter of Hammad b. ` Arabi
  2. pp. 267-270
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  1. Document 49: Charter of `Ajib b. `Abd Allah
  2. pp. 271-273
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  1. Document 50: Charter of Muhammad al-Amin b. Mismar
  2. pp. 274-280
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  1. Document 51: Charter of Badi b. Mismar
  2. pp. 281-286
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  1. Document 52: Charter of Abu Bakr b. Sulayman
  2. pp. 287-289
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  1. Document 53: Charter of`Abd Allah b. `Ajib
  2. pp. 290-295
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  1. Document 54: Charter of ` Abd Allah b. `Ajib
  2. pp. 296-306
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  1. Document 55: Charter of Muhammad al-Nur b. Dayf Allah
  2. pp. 307-312
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  1. Document 56: Charter of Ibrahim b. Nayil
  2. pp. 313-317
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  1. Document 57: Letter of Nasir b. Muhammad al-Amin
  2. pp. 318-320
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  1. Document 58: Charter of Nasir b. Muhammad al-Amin
  2. pp. 321-325
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  1. Document 59: Charter of Nasir b. Muhammad al-Amin
  2. pp. 326-332
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  1. Document 60: Charter of Nasir b. Muhammad al-Amin
  2. pp. 333-343
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  1. Document 61 : Charter of Daf Allah b. Dayf Allah
  2. pp. 344-349
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  1. Other
  2. pp. 350-372
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  1. Document 62: Charter of Qasim b. Muhammad
  2. pp. 350-352
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  1. Document 63: Charter of Idris b. Muhammad al-Fahl
  2. pp. 353-356
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  1. Document 64: Charter of Muhammad b. Nimr
  2. pp. 357-361
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  1. Document 65: Charter of Nasr al- Din b. al-Sadiq
  2. pp. 362-364
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  1. Document 66: Charter of Musa`ad b. Sa'd
  2. pp. 365-368
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  1. Document 67: Charter of Nimr b. Muhammad
  2. pp. 369-372
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  1. Register of Fixed Dates
  2. pp. 375-376
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  1. The Court of Sinnar
  2. pp. 377-389
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  1. Glossary
  2. pp. 391-395
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  1. References
  2. pp. 396-399
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  1. Index of Names
  2. pp. 401-426
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