Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Frontmatter

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. vii

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. ix

The fieldwork on which this study is based was made possible by grants from the University of Texas Latin American Archaeological Program, the Fulbright-Hays Research Abroad Fellowship program, and National Science Foundation Grants BNS-8112729, BNS-8819481, and BNS-9044446. ...

read more

1 Introduction: Pikillacta and the Wari Empire

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-8

Scholars have long been interested in how, when, and where the first Andean imperial state appeared. Over the past half century research efforts have focused on the Middle Horizon time period (A.D. 540 to 900) and specifically on the remains of the Wari culture, where we find archaeological evidence ...

Exploration and Excavation at Pikillacta

read more

2 Pikillacta and Its Architectural Typology

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 11-28

Pikillacta is an enormous and complex structure. In order to make sense of it and to perform an archaeological analysis it has been necessary to deconstruct it into its component parts. In this chapter we review various attempts at deciphering the structural concepts originally employed by the Wari architects. ...

read more

3 Excavations at Pikillacta

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 29-62

Prior to the 1982 field season, some preliminary studies of Pikillacta were conducted in 1978 and 1979 (McEwan 1979). In the course of these studies, four test cuts were made in the so-called qolqas, the conjoined rooms of Sector 4 (fig. 2.7). Two of these excavations produced remains including fire hearths, ...

read more

4 Pikillacta Architecture and Construction Requirements

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 63-84

Some of the most intriguing questions about Pikillacta are those revolving around how it was built, how long it took to build, and what it cost to erect such an enormous complex. Nearly everyone who has commented on the site has observed that it is extremely large and well ordered ...

read more

5 Wari Hydraulic Works in the Lucre Basin

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 85-98

The principal hydraulic works of the Lucre Basin (canals, reservoirs, aqueducts, and so forth; see fig. 5.1) are associated with the site of Pikillacta itself as well as with the vast terraces and cultivable fields of the basin, which reveals that the agricultural production that supported the valley economically ...

Data Analysis

read more

6 Pottery from Pikillacta

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 101-114

Unlike many archaeological sites, which possess dense surface scatters of pottery and other artifactual remains, Pikillacta is virtually devoid of these. The only potsherds one may find are generally clustered at the entrance of Sector 2, where visitors begin their tours. ...

read more

7 Dating Pikillacta

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 115-124

Despite the fact that Pikillacta is a single component site, dating its construction and occupation has proved to be somewhat problematic. Absolute and relative dating methods have generated inconsistent data sets, making it difficult to assess the site’s temporal parameters. ...

read more

8 Human Skeletal Remains from Pikillacta

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 125-130

Human skeletal remains recovered from excavations at Pikillacta include four complete or partial skeletons and a cache of ten crania, as well as isolated skeletal elements recovered from various excavation units. The crania from the cache pit, excavated during the 1982 field season, ...

read more

9 Arsenic Bronze at Pikillacta

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 131-146

Bronze in the Andean culture area was a Middle Horizon phenomenon (Lechtman 1997, 1999). Between about A.D. 600 and 1000, several bronze alloys were developed and used in the extensive region covering present-day Ecuador, in the north, to northern Chile and northwest Argentina, in the south. ...

read more

10 Conclusion: The Functions of Pikillacta

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 147-164

The preceding chapters have described the present state of knowledge concerning the Pikillacta site and its function. Despite intensive investigation carried out over many years, this site in many ways remains an enigma. Just what were the Wari doing at Pikillacta and how did this site’s function articulate ...

References Cited

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 165-178

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 179-182