In this Book

Colonial Crucible
summary
At the end of the nineteenth century the United States swiftly occupied a string of small islands dotting the Caribbean and Western Pacific, from Puerto Rico and Cuba to Hawaii and the Philippines. Colonial Crucible: Empire in the Making of the Modern American State reveals how this experiment in direct territorial rule subtly but profoundly shaped U.S. policy and practice—both abroad and, crucially, at home. Edited by Alfred W. McCoy and Francisco A. Scarano, the essays in this volume show how the challenge of ruling such far-flung territories strained the U.S. state to its limits, creating both the need and the opportunity for bold social experiments not yet possible within the United States itself. Plunging Washington’s rudimentary bureaucracy into the white heat of nationalist revolution and imperial rivalry, colonialism was a crucible of change in American statecraft. From an expansion of the federal government to the creation of agile public-private networks for more effective global governance, U.S. empire produced far-reaching innovations.
    Moving well beyond theory, this volume takes the next step, adding a fine-grained, empirical texture to the study of U.S. imperialism by analyzing its specific consequences. Across a broad range of institutions—policing and prisons, education, race relations, public health, law, the military, and environmental management—this formative experience left a lasting institutional imprint. With each essay distilling years, sometimes decades, of scholarship into a concise argument, Colonial Crucible reveals the roots of a legacy evident, most recently, in Washington’s misadventures in the Middle East.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. Illustrations
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xiii-xv
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  1. Part 1: Exploring Imperial Transitions [Includes Image Plate]
  2. pp. 1-2
  1. On the Tropic of Cancer: Transitions and Transformations in the U.S. Imperial State
  2. pp. 3-33
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  1. Reading Imperial Transitions: Spanish Contraction, British Expansion, and American Irruption
  2. pp. 34-62
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  1. From Old Empire to New: The Changing Dynamics and Tactics of American Empire
  2. pp. 63-80
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  1. Part 2: Police, Prisons, and Law Enforcement [Includes Image Plate]
  2. pp. 81-82
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 83-86
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  1. American Penal Forms and Colonial Spanish Custodial-Regulatory Practices in Fin de Si
  2. pp. 87-94
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  1. Prohibiting Opium in the Philippines and the United States: The Creation of an Interventionist State
  2. pp. 95-105
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  1. Policiing the Imperial Periphery: Philippine Pacification and the Rise of the U.S. National Security State
  2. pp. 106-115
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  1. "The Prison That Makes Men Free" : The Iwahig Penal Colony and the Simulacra of the American State in the Philippines
  2. pp. 116-128
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  1. Part 3: Education [Image Plate Included]
  2. pp. 129-130
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 131-134
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  1. Negotiating Colonialism: "Race," Class, and Education in Early-Twentieth-Century Puerto Rico
  2. pp. 135-144
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  1. Enlightened Tolerance or Cultural Capitulation? Contesting Notions of American Identity
  2. pp. 145-150
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  1. The Business of Education in the Colonial Philippines, 1909-30
  2. pp. 151-162
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  1. The Imperial Enterprise and Educational Policies in Colonial Puerto Rico
  2. pp. 163-174
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  1. Understanding the American Empire: Colonialism, Latin Americanism, and Professional Social Science, 1898-1920
  2. pp. 175-190
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  1. Part 4: Race and Imperial Identities [Includes Image Plate]
  2. pp. 191-192
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 193-198
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  1. Race, Empire, and Transnational History
  2. pp. 199-209
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  1. Cenuses in the Transition to Modern Colonialism: Spain and the United States in Puerto Rico
  2. pp. 210-219
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  1. Race and the Suffrage Controversy in Cuba, 1898-1901
  2. pp. 220-229
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  1. From Columbus to Ponce de Le
  2. pp. 230-237
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  1. A Critical-Historical Genealogy of "Koko" (Blood), " 'Aina"(Land), Hawaiian Identity, and Western Law and Governance
  2. pp. 238-247
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  1. Buying into Empire: American Consumption at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
  2. pp. 248-259
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  1. Part 5: Imperial Medicine and Public Health [Include Image Plate]
  2. pp. 271-272
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 273-276
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  1. Pacific Crossings: Imperial Logics in United States' Public Health Programs
  2. pp. 277-287
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  1. A Fever for Empire: U.S. Disease Eradication in Cuba as Colonial Public Health
  2. pp. 288-296
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  1. Mapping Regional and Imperial Geographies: Tropical Disease in the U.S. South
  2. pp. 297-308
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  1. The Conquest of Molecules: Wild Yams and American Scientists in Mexican Jungles / Gabriela Soto Laveaga
  2. pp. 309-316
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  1. Tropical Conquest and the Rise of the Environmental Management State: The Case of U.S. Sanitary Efforts in Panama
  2. pp. 317-326
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  1. Part 6: Polity, Law, and Constitution [Includes Image Plate]
  2. pp. 327-328
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 329-331
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  1. Empire and the Transformation of Citizenship
  2. pp. 332-341
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  1. The Afterlife of Empire: Sovereignty and Revolution in the Philippines
  2. pp. 342-352
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  1. The U.S. Constitution and Philippine Colonialism: An Enduring and Unfortunate Legacy
  2. pp. 353-364
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  1. Spanish Structure, American Theory: The Legal Foundations of a Tropical New Deal in the Philippine Islands, 1898-1935
  2. pp. 365-374
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  1. The Hazards of Jeffersonianism: Challenges of State Building in the United States and Its Empire
  2. pp. 375-390
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  1. Part 7: U.S. Military [Includes Image Plate]
  2. pp. 391-392
  1. Introduction: The Military and the U.S. Imperial State
  2. pp. 393-396
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  1. "Mohammedan Religion Made It Necessary to Fire" : Massacres on the American Imperial Frontier from South Dakota to the Southern Philippines / Joshua Gedacht
  2. pp. 397-409
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  1. The U.S. Army as an Occupying Force in Muslim Mindanao, 1899-1913
  2. pp. 410-420
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  1. Minutemen for the World: Empire, Citizenship, and the National Guard, 1903-1924
  2. pp. 421-430
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  1. From Winship to Leahy: Crisis, War, and Transition in Puerto Rico
  2. pp. 431-440
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  1. Guant
  2. pp. 452-459
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  1. The Impact of the Philippine Wars (1898-1913) on the U.S. Army
  2. pp. 460-472
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  1. Part 8: Environmental Management [Includes Image Plate]
  2. pp. 473-474
  1. Introduction: Environmental and Economic Management
  2. pp. 475-478
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  1. Conservation and Colonialism: Gifford Pinchot and the Birth of Tropical Forestry in the Philippines
  2. pp. 479-488
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  1. Manila's Imperial Makeover: Security, Health, and Symbolism
  2. pp. 489-498
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  1. "The World Was My Garden" : Tropical Botany and Cosmopolitanism in American Science, 1898-1935
  2. pp. 499-507
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  1. Scientific Superman: Father Jos
  2. pp. 508-520
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  1. Part 9: The Elusive Character of American Global Power [Includes Image Plate]
  2. pp. 521-522
  1. The Limits of American Empire: Democracy and Militarism in the Twentieth and Twenty-first Centuries
  2. pp. 523-531
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  1. Crucibles, Capillaries, and Pentimenti: Reflections on Imperial Transformations
  2. pp. 532-540
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  1. Empire in American History
  2. pp. 541-556
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 557-644
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 645-648
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 649-685
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