Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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p. vii

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Acknowledgments [Including A Note on Transliteration, Punctuation, and Abbreviations]

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pp. ix-xi

This book could not have been written without the generous help of many people, groups, and institutions. I am delighted to have this opportunity to thank them. ...

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Introduction

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pp. 3-20

This study offers some preliminary suggestions toward rethinking Russian Romanticism, issues of canonicity, and the place of mid-nineteenth century women poets in the history of Russian literature. While the question of whether Russia had a Romantic movement has been debated1 most scholars agree that Romanticism was a pan-European ...

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1. Social Conditions

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pp. 21-37

The social conditions that these poets shared included Russian women’s educational, economic, legal, and literary-historical status.1 As we shall see, these poets responded to those conditions in a great variety of ways. ...

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2. Literary Conventions

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pp. 38-56

Several literary critics have argued that Romanticism was a male-gendered institution. Certainly we find in the Russian poetry of the first half of the nineteenth century such blatantly male-centered Romantic conventions as the friendly epistle (druzheskoe poslanie) celebrating the cult of male friendship, anacreontic odes, and Bacchic poetry.1 Here I ...

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3. Gender and Genre

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pp. 57-87

The previous two chapters outlined the social conditions that the poets we have been considering faced as women, as well as their varying responses to male-defined literary conventions. In this chapter I would like to consider their distinctive use of genre and themes, which, as we shall see, are interrelated. ...

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4. Evdokiia Rostopchina

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pp. 88-111

Evdokiia Rostopchina (1811–58), one of the few recognized women poets of her generation, has been the subject of numerous biographical accounts by memoirists and literary critics. One finds, however, a surprising uniformity among these biographies.1 The same episodes repeatedly reappear in the same way, almost in the same words, like ...

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5. Nadezhda Khvoshchinskaia

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pp. 112-136

While Nadezhda Khvoshchinskaia (1824–89) has been recognized for the novels and stories she wrote under the pseudonym V. Krestovsky, the wonderful poetry that she wrote under her own name has been forgotten.1 There are many reasons for the disappearance of these works from literary history. First, in the course of her life Khvoshchinskaia herself ...

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6. Karolina Pavlova

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pp. 137-166

Over the past few decades Karolina Pavlova (born Jaenisch, 1807–93) has become the best-known Russian woman poet of her generation. This is not to suggest that she has received her due. As mentioned in the introduction, historically she has been considered less important than her husband, Nikolai Pavlov (1803–64), a littérateur who authored a total of ...

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7. In Conclusion: Noncanonical Men Poets

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pp. 167-174

In this study I have attempted to define the social and literary factors that led men literary gatekeepers and canon-makers of the Romantic period to dismiss the poetry of their women contemporaries. I have examined the social conditions under which these women poets lived, their reworking of male-centered literary conventions, and the critical assumptions ...

Appendix

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pp. 177-218

Notes

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pp. 219-280

Bibliography

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pp. 281-295

Index

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pp. 297-306