In this Book

Controversies in Science and Technology
summary
Written for general readers, teachers, journalists, and policymakers, this volume explores four controversial topics in science and technology, with commentaries from experts in such fields as sociology, religion, law, ethics, and politics:

* Antibiotics and Resistance: the science, the policy debates, and perspectives from a microbiologist, a veterinarian, and an M.D.

* Genetically Modified Maize and Gene Flow: the science of genetic modification, protecting genetic diversity, agricultural biotech vesus the environment, corporate patents versus farmers' rights

* Hormone Replacement Theory and Menopause: overview of the Women's Health Initiative, history of hormone replacement therapy, the medicalization of menopause, hormone replacement therapy and clinical trials

* Smallpox: historical and medical overview of smallpox, government policies for public health, the Emergency Health Powers Act, public resistance vs. cooperation.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-ix
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  1. Acknowledgements
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Introduction: From Maize to Menopause
  2. pp. 3-20
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  1. Part 1: Overuse of Antibiotics on the Farm
  2. p. 21
  1. 1 Antibiotic Resistance: The Agricultural Connection
  2. pp. 23-36
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  1. 2 Agricultural Antibiotics: Features of a Controversy
  2. pp. 37-51
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  1. 3 Agricultural Uses of Antibiotics: Evaluating Possible
  2. pp. 52-66
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  1. 4 Antibiotics in Animal Agriculture: An Ecosystem Dilemma
  2. pp. 67-82
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  1. 5 The Impact of Antibiotic Use in Agriculture on Human Health and the Appropriate Public Policy Response
  2. pp. 83-103
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  1. Part 2: Genetically Modified Crops: Global Issues
  2. p. 105
  1. 6 Genetic Modification and Gene Flow: An Overview
  2. pp. 107-118
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  1. 7 Introduction of Transgenic Crops in Centers of Origin and Domestication
  2. pp. 119-134
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  1. 8 Agricultural Biotechnology Science Compromised: The Case of Quist and Chapela
  2. pp. 135-149
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  1. 9 Hard Red Spring Wheat at a Genetic Crossroad: Rural Prosperity or Corporate Hegemony?
  2. pp. 150-168
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  1. 10 Agricultural Biotechnology and the Environmental Challenge
  2. pp. 169-177
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  1. Part 3: Hormone Replacement Therapy and Menopause: Science, Culture, and History
  2. p. 179
  1. 11 Postmenopausal Hormones: An Overview
  2. pp. 181-197
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  1. 12 The Medicalization of Menopause in America, 1897–2000: Mapping the Terrain
  2. pp. 198-218
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  1. 13 The History of Hormone Replacement Therapy: A Timeline
  2. pp. 219-235
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  1. 14 Symptom Reporting at the End of Menstruation: Biological Variation and Cultural Difference
  2. pp. 236-253
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  1. 15 Evidence-based Medicine and Clinical Practice
  2. pp. 254-269
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  1. Part 4 Smallpox and Bioterrorism
  2. p. 271
  1. 16 Smallpox: The Disease, the Virus, and the Vaccine
  2. pp. 273-282
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  1. 17 The Model State Emergency Health Powers Act:A Tool for Public Health Preparedness
  2. pp. 283-296
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  1. 18 The States and the War against Bioterrorism: Reactions to the Federal Smallpox Campaign and the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act
  2. pp. 297-310
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  1. 19 Public Resistance or Cooperation? A Tale of Smallpox in Two Cities
  2. pp. 311-325
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 327-334
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 335-341
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