Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

This volume is the end product of a long series of conferences, work-shops, symposia, meetings—both formal and informal—and collaborative editing. The initial impetus for the volume began in a chance meeting between the editors and over subsequent years evolved into an international collaborative effort. The main funding for the project was provided ...

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1 Introduction—Constructed Places, Contested Spaces: Critical Geographies and Korea

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pp. 1-11

Seen from seven hundred kilometers out in space, the Korean Peninsula is unremarkable. Browns, grays, and streaks of white in the north give way to slightly greener patches in the south, indicating different topographical features, while the deep blues of the ocean on all three sides confirm that it is indeed a peninsula. A satellite image tells the normal person little ...

Part 1. Geographies of the (Colonial) City

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2 Respatializing Chosŏn’s Royal Capital: The Politics of Japanese Urban Reforms in Early Colonial Seoul,1905 –1919

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pp. 15-38

Among his many brilliant observations, Henri Lefebvre once posited the simple but illuminating argument that “schematically speaking, each society offers up its own peculiar space, as it were, as an ‘object’ for analysis and overall theoretical explication” (1991, 31). As a French Marxist sociologist writing in the wake of the student-led protests of 1968, Lefebvre aimed his ...

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3 Demolishing Colony: The Demolition of the Old Government-General Building of Chosŏn

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pp. 39-58

In this essay, I examine the nationwide controversy that occurred around 1993 –1995 over the question of whether the historic Government-General Building, formerly the seat of the Japanese colonial government in South Korea (1910 –1945), should be demolished or not.1 After about three years of heated debate, this legacy of the colonial period was finally demolished ...

Part 2. Geographies of the (Imagined) Village

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4 Chosŏn Memories: Spectatorship, Ideology, and the Korean Folk Village

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pp. 61-82

After viewing a newly opened display of folk materials at the turn of the century, the French journalist Ernest Allard had occasion to write,I stood transfixed there, strongly interested, soon quite touched, especially when in passing by the scene I had in front of my eyes, my thought penetrated into the customs of this life of bygone days; because, alas, it appears that the ...

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5 Blame Walt Rostow: The Sacrifice of South Korea’s Natural Villages

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pp. 83-98

We have fought against nature stubbornly and managed to conquer The concept of a “natural village” appears in Korean, Chinese, and Japanese development literature and is officially a data collection category in many of their statistical yearbooks. The Cheju Statistical Yearbook (Cheju Provincial Bureau of Statistics 1985), for example, uses the term “natural ...

Part 3. Geographies of Religion

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6 Auspicious Places in a Mobile Landscape: Of Shamans, Shrines, and Dreams

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pp. 101-120

The following story falls somewhere between a field anecdote and a fairy tale.1 As anecdote, it is reconstructed from field notes, transcripts, and memory without conscious embroidery, elaboration, or fabrication. As a fairy tale it resembles a genre of stories sometimes attributed to Bud-dhists or Taoists, where illusions are at play and a lesson may be learned ...

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7 Kyeryong Mountain as a Contested Place

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pp. 121-140

Kyeryongsan (Kyeryong Mountain) rises alone out of the otherwise flat countryside that surrounds it, giving it a somewhat mystical appearance. Numerous peaks form an elongated ridge resembling a dragon with a rooster’s comb—not surprisingly, the name “Kyeryongsan” means Rooster Dragon Mountain. The striking shape of the mountain has captured the ...

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8 Kyŏngju Namsan: Heterotopia, Place-Agency, and Historiographic Leverage

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pp. 141-156

Namsan means, simply enough, “South Mountain,” and there are Namsans south of several cities in Korea. The Namsan of Kyôngju—a city that as the site of the ancient Silla capital has more recently been a magnet for archaeology and tourism—has two main peaks ...

Part 4. Geographies of the Margin

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9 The Seoul Train Station Square and Homeless Shelters: Thoughts on Geographical History Regarding Welfare Citizenship

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pp. 159-181

This chapter attempts to make sense of homelessness and homeless policy in South Korea following the Asian debt crisis by examining the trans-formation of two symbolically charged physical spaces in Seoul: the Seoul Train Station Square (henceforth the Square or the Seoul Square) and the former Pangnim Factory (henceforth the Factory). I treat the Square and ...

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10 Cyberspace and a Space for Gays in South Korea

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pp. 173-185

Culture in contemporary South Korea seems in a state of continual change and reassessment due to the influx of new or outside value systems and of a reevaluation of what are thought to be traditional values. As a part of this process, many individuals are seeking to either establish or redefine both personal and larger, group-orientated ...

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11 Marginality, Transgression, and Transnational Identity Negotiations in Korea’s Kijich’on

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pp. 186-204

KIJICH’ON are US military camp town areas in South Korea (hereafter Korea). They are “foreign spaces,” rarely bridged by Koreans apart from those who live and work there or who are born there. By “foreign spaces,” I refer to both the inhabitants of the kijich’on—who are primarily transnational labor migrants, including foreign female “entertainers” ...

Works Cited

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pp. 205-228

List of Contributors

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pp. 229-230

Index

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pp. 231-237