In this Book

summary
Were there major population collapses on Pacific Islands following first contact with the West? If so, what were the actual population numbers for islands such as Hawai‘i, Tahiti, or New Caledonia? Is it possible to develop new methods for tracking the long-term histories of island populations? These and related questions are at the heart of this new book, which draws together cutting-edge research by archaeologists, ethnographers, and demographers. In their accounts of exploration, early European voyagers in the Pacific frequently described the teeming populations they encountered on island after island. Yet missionary censuses and later nineteenth-century records often indicate much smaller populations on Pacific Islands, leading many scholars to debunk the explorers’ figures as romantic exaggerations. Recently, the debate over the indigenous populations of the Pacific has intensified, and this book addresses the problem from new perspectives. Rather than rehash old data and arguments about the validity of explorers’ or missionaries’ accounts, the contributors to this volume offer a series of case studies grounded in new empirical data derived from original archaeological fieldwork and from archival historical research. Case studies are presented for the Hawaiian Islands, Mo‘orea, the Marquesas, Tonga, Samoa, the Tokelau Islands, New Caledonia, Aneityum (Vanuatu), and Kosrae.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. List of Tables
  2. pp. vii-ix
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  1. List of Figures
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. xv-xvi
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  1. 1 Long-Term Demographic Evolution in the Pacific Islands: Issues, Debates, and Challenges
  2. pp. 1-14
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  1. 2 Pre- and Post-Contact Population in Island Polynesia: Can Projections Meet Retrodictions?
  2. pp. 15-34
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  1. 3 Demography and Food in Early Polynesia
  2. pp. 35-51
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  1. 4 “Like Shoals of Fish”: Archaeology and Population in Pre-Contact Hawai‘i
  2. pp. 52-69
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  1. 5 Modeling Agricultural Development and Demography in Kohala, Hawai‘i
  2. pp. 70-89
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  1. 6 Paleodemography in Kahikinui, Maui: An Archaeological Approach
  2. pp. 90-107
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  1. 7 Reconstructing Hawaiian Population at European Contact: Three Regional Case Studies
  2. pp. 108-128
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  1. 8 Pre-Contact Population in the ‘Opunohu Valley, Mo‘orea: An Integrated Archaeological and Ethnohistorical Approach
  2. pp. 129-159
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  1. 9 Estimating the Population of Hokatu Valley, Ua Huka Island (Marquesas, French Polynesia) According to the Archaeological Remains
  2. pp. 160-176
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  1. 10 Archaeological Demography and Population Growth in the Kingdom of Tonga: 950 BC to the Historic Era
  2. pp. 177-202
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  1. 11 Protohistoric Samoan Population
  2. pp. 203-231
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  1. 12 An Accent on Atolls in Approaches to Population Histories of Remote Oceania
  2. pp. 232-256
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  1. 13 Prehistoric Population Growth on Kosrae, Eastern Caroline Islands
  2. pp. 257-277
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  1. 14 Population in a Vegetable Kingdom: Aneityum Island (Vanuatu) at European Contact in 1830
  2. pp. 278-305
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  1. 15 What Were the Real Numbers?: The Question of Pre-Contact Population Densities in New Caledonia
  2. pp. 306-325
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  1. 16 Concluding Remarks: Methods, Measures, and Models in Pacific Paleodemography
  2. pp. 326-337
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  1. References
  2. pp. 339-373
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  1. List of Contributors
  2. p. 375
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 377-390
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780824864767
Related ISBN
9780824831349
MARC Record
OCLC
276359952
Launched on MUSE
2012-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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