Cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. iii-iv

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

Focusing the Familiar had its beginnings in a University of Hawai‘i graduate seminar on “Reading Philosophical Texts.” We gladly acknowledge the significant contributions of several exceptional students in that seminar, who have since initiated their own...

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Preface

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pp. xi-xiii

In the presentation of the Zhongyong that follows, we have attempted to provide a resource for both the scholar of Chinese thought and teachers and students who may be approaching Chinese philosophical texts for the first time. The latter may initially...

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Introduction: A Philosophical Interpretation of the Zhongyong

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pp. 1-59

The Zhongyong is attributed to Kong Ji  (483–402 BCE), grandson of Confucius (551–479 BCE), born to Confucius’s son Boyu who himself appears in the Analects. Kong Ji is best known by his “style” name, Zisizi  or “Master” Zisi...

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Glossary of Key Terms

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pp. 61-87

We have attempted to provide an explanation of the following key philosophical terms and some justification for our specific translations as a means of making the text more philosophically accessible. We have included some terms...

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Focusing the Familiar: A Translation of the Zhongyong1

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pp. 89-130

What tian2 commands (ming) is called natural tendencies (xing);3 drawing out4 these natural tendencies is called the proper way (dao);5 improving upon6 this way is called education (jiao).7 As for this proper way, we cannot quit it even for...

Appendix

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pp. 131-153

Bibliography of Works Cited

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pp. 155-159

Index

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pp. 161-165

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About the Authors

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p. 167

Roger T. Ames is professor of philosophy at the University of Hawai‘i at Manoa and editor of the journal Philosophy East & West. His recent publications include translations of Chinese classics: Sun-tzu: The Art of...