Hawai`i Chronicles III
World War Two in Hawai`i, from the pages of Paradise of the Pacific
Publication Year: 2000
Published by: University of Hawai'i Press
Title Page, Copyright Page
The editor and publisher gratefully acknowledge the permission of David Pellegrin, president and CEO of Honolulu Publishing Company, to reprint articles from Paradise of the Pacific. Thanks, too, to Barbara Dunn and her staff at the Hawaiian Historical Society for photocopying articles from Paradise. ...
Ma must have been mad as hell. She had been putting out Paradise of the Pacific since the start of the century, and now the selfproclaimed military governor of Hawai‘i told her to stop publishing the magazine. It wasn’t fair. She hadn’t started the damn war. ...
I Prelude to War in the Pacific
Only a decade after the U.S. annexation of Hawai‘i in 1898, Congress authorized construction of a naval base at Pearl Harbor. From this strategic bastion the relationship between U.S. naval strength and American foreign policy would be demonstrated in the Pacific. ...
Never before has the Eastern Pacific faced the possible threat of a major war as this year. Wars between groups of Hawaiians, War of 1812, Mexican War, War with the Confederacy, Chinese-Japanese War, Spanish-American War, Japanese-Russian War, and the World War, all left impressions on the Eastern Pacific Area; ...
America “On Defense” in the Pacific
Will history repeat itself? In 1914, Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin Delano Roosevelt asserted that our national defense was unready for war and urged that his country prepare—the World War followed. Twenty-four years later, in 1938, President Roosevelt made the same assertion and the same urge. ...
Dual Citizenship and Expatriation
There are five general ways in which citizenship is acquired. One is by birth, which groups the nations of the world into three principal classifications: (1) nations that observe the Civil Law practice whereby a child’s citizenship is determined by the nationality of its parents, as in Germany, Japan, Norway ...
Speed! Congress! Speed!
Speed! Congress! Speed! Swift speed is of the essence today on Capitol Hill. Our Country has owned Hawaii since 1898.For over forty years Congress—charged by the Constitution with the vital duty of preventing war, declaring war, and winning war—has been cogitating over the problem of National Defense in the Pacific. ...
Our Hawaii Is Absolutely American
Visit the Archives of Hawaii to secure information. In that building— Waikiki of Iolani Palace—is lodged the true story of Hawaii. Although the earliest original document is dated 1790, authent that Hawaii should be solidly and unquestionably American in feeling and action. ...
Naval Power in the Pacific
The United States fleet was never based in Hawaii for sentimental reasons. When the new arrangement goes into effect, creating three fleets—Atlantic, Pacific, and Asiatic—the Pacific fleet will still be based here. The reasons have been told and retold: to guard the western ocean approaches to the United States. ...
The Army in Hawaii
The past year has been one of the most eventful of the Army’s long history in Hawaii. The year has seen the continued expansion of the military forces in the islands, the first all-island blackout, the induction of Hawaii’s first contingent of selective service men into the Army, the boosting of the rank of the commanding general ...
On Sunday morning, December 7, 1941, Japanese aircraft attacked the recently arrived U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, the naval base itself, and airfields on O‘ahu. So complete was the surprise that the enemy met only light resistance from Army defenders—only thirty pursuit planes managed to take off ...
On the first day of the new year, the Advertiser ran a photo of Hawai‘i’s Gov. Joseph B. Poindexter and Honolulu’s Mayor Lester Petrie being fingerprinted. The entire population of the territory was to be registered by military authority. There was no objection by the white elite, who saw registration as a justifiable step ...
Out of the Night
The President of the United States immediately denounced it as treachery of the worst order. Since then the entire nation has echoed in a great and growing crescendo the President’s sentiments. While still talking peace with the United States, Japan struck without warning. ...
Remember Pearl Harbor
Honolulu will never forget Sunday morning, December 7. The sudden, savage attack on Pearl Harbor and army posts by a nation then at peace with the United States, and at that moment still talking peace, immediately was labeled the basest of treachery by the President of the United States. ...
There Always Will Be Heroes
In this department this month we have taken from the records, and from individuals themselves, stories of heroism performed during the early stages of the emergency in the islands. We’ll lead off with that epic of Niihau, most isolated of all of the inhabited islands. It relates to Benny Kanahele, a powerfully built Hawaiian, ...
The New Life
Three months in Hawaii under war restrictions and emergency conditions have brought to island residents a mode of living unlike anything ever before experienced in Hawaii. That’s natural, of course. Never before has Hawaii known a similar or paralleling situation. ...
It was a blustery morning in March 1942. The hour was 2:15 A.M. In the dead hours.A silver moon rode high above the scudding clouds. Blackout. A large majority of folks were asleep. Out of the deep night came a muffled rumble, accompanied by a quake. Another muffled rumble, more like an explosion than its predecessor. ...
Hawaii Territorial Guard Reserve
“Ready for action,” they fired back as Col. Philip Lindeman inspected the Hawaii Territorial Guard Reserves. The stuff men are made of, and the men who make America, is truly represented in the war training clan of Hawaii’s enthusiastic, capable, alert, and “on the beam business men.” ...
The American Legion Goes to War Again
Sunday morning, December 7, I had been enjoying my radio—having heard among other things a transcription of a nationwide sermon that my wife and I value very greatly—when strange and unusual Sunday morning messages began to come in, from both Honolulu stations, such as ...
It was inevitable that someone should bring up the question of the autumn elections. It was inevitable that the politicians—out of office—should demand that the elections be held. It was inevitable that many of those in office, for the sake of appearances, should advocate holding the elections—as usual. ...
Analysis of Midway Battle
The Battle of Midway, in which victor’s honors were shared by both army and navy, is a cause for optimism. It demonstrated (a) that the Japanese navy is capable of the gross blunder of underestimation and (b) that air power, in which the United States is to be overwhelmingly supreme, is the vehicle to victory. ...
Politicos Are Worried
Hawaii may hold an election this fall or it may not. It all depends on what is happening in the war about that time. This is the word that comes from Lt. Gen. Delos C. Emmons, military governor, who has the last say about all things civilian in the first American community to come under absolute military rule since the Civil War. ...
A Gas Mask Graduation Class
The University of Hawaii is on a war basis. The longest summer session in its history will end August 29. An accelerated program that enables students to complete a standard course and receive a degree in three years instead of four was inaugurated following the commencement on June 4. ...
Black Sunday and Thereafter
It was hard to believe we had actually been attacked. Our family had just finished a leisurely breakfast and we were all planning to go down to Pearl Harbor, hoist sails on the Panini, and take a family group picture to be sent to our friends as a personal Christmas card. ...
War and Business in Honolulu
Conditions of war have sharply altered many phases of Honolulu’s business set-up, although the volume of retail and wholesale trade since the first of the year has mounted to the highest totals to date in the city’s history. The gains have not affected all lines equally, and many establishments are doing less business ...
Paladins of Paradise
The old grey mare ain’t what she used to be. Honolulu has changed. Do you see that buck private in khaki crawling along through the weeds on his belly, pushing a rifle in front of him? The sun is beating down on his tin hat. His hands and face are dirty. He is sweating like a horse. He is vice-president of the Bishop National Bank. ...
“Tourists” in Denim
The defense boom in Hawaii, with its attractive wages and island glamour, has caused thousands of war workers from the mainland and other parts of the world to flock to Hawaii to work on war projects. Skilled and unskilled labor, they come from all walks of life and from every state in the Union and many foreign countries. ...
Complexities of living brought about by war are, like Cleopatra’s charms, “of infinite variety.” Among them is the difficulty of getting the simplest things done in Honolulu these days. Take the matter of a shoe shine. A friend of ours approached a young shoeshine boy on a downtown corner and was startled ...
Territorial Government at War
Japanese bombs—dropping December 7, 1941, on Oahu, first American soil to bear the brunt and suffer the scare of the initial Axis’ aggressor attack upon the United States—unified the American people into a single indomitable purpose: “Win this war—get it over as soon as possible!” ...
The Year in Retrospect
The old cliché to the effect that “you wouldn’t know the old place now” applies today to Hawaii perhaps more fully than to any other American community. After the first year of war in the Pacific, the Islands have been turned upside down—revolutionized. It has been a bloodless, social revolution ...
In mid-January a prominent Honolulu businessman, John A. Balch, proposed that at least a hundred thousand Japanese in Hawai‘i should be sent to the Mainland. The proposal was made in a privately printed pamphlet entitled “Shall the Japanese Be Allowed to Dominate Hawaii?” ...
Ke Kauwa Nei O Kauai (Kauai at War)
The residents of Honolulu, absorbed in the complex problems of wartime conditions, are seldom aware that, on the outside islands, life presents an even more complicated pattern. A special Pearl Harbor anniversary edition of The Garden Island presents a fascinating summary of the year’s events on Kauai. ...
Entertainment-starved Honolulu had its first taste of Mainland entertainment since the war began when Capt. Maurice Evans gave his spell-binding lecture at McKinley auditorium last month. Although in Hawaii for active duty with the army, Evans generously agreed to appear before an audience of civilians. ...
Islands Await Effects of New Regime
An announcement that stirred Hawaii was the one from Washington, D.C., stating that citizens of Japanese ancestry would be permitted to volunteer for combat duty with the Army of the United States. The mainland was to provide three thousand men for the new unit, and the Territory of Hawaii would provide fifteen hundred. ...
A Unique Experience in Government
In the throne room of Iolani Palace last month, ceremonies were held observing the restoration of civil government in Hawaii. Civil government was suspended, for all effective considerations, on December 7, 1941. Last month the powers given over to the military on that day were restored to the authorities ...
Little brochures have been issued by the Army telling our soldiers the proper way to ask for a spot of tea in London and what not to say to a veiled lady in Algiers. Perhaps a couple of colloquialisms would make them feel more at home in Hawaii, where East is sometimes Ewa, and West depends on where you stand at the time. ...
It’s Their “Right to Fight” for America
“I am very happy. It is an honor for my son and for us,” Harue Doi, Kauai yardman, said when he was informed that his only son, Mitsuru, eighteen-year-old Lihue garage attendant, was the first volunteer in the Territory to be inducted into the U.S. Army combat regiment created for Americans of Japanese ancestry. ...
To Volunteer or Not?
Examination Week had finally come when out of the clear came the announcement that the Army was going to accept fifteen hundred volunteers of Japanese ancestry from Hawaii. This important message was given to the students at the University before it had leaked out to the local papers. ...
Lei Day, 1943
Nimble Hawaiian fingers that once wove flower garlands now use their skill in making camouflage nets to conceal military fortifications. Men and women who once made their living growing flowers are doing more vital work. Land that once grew blossoms is now planted with vegetables so that the islands ...
Uncle Sam’s bulldog effort to stabilize the cost of living, and to distribute fairly and equitably those things that war makes scarce, definitely has reached these out-post islands in the Pacific. OPA, which in the past year has become a household word on the Mainland—affecting, as it does, ...
Mental Disturbances Caused by the War
Emotions developed in wartime are anger and aggression. These natural emotions are directed not only against the enemy but at the leadership in our own group. This runs the gamut: Congress—capitalists—labor—bureaucracy—military leaders—promotion by seniority—the soft life of the age ...
Night Life in the Twilight
Mainlanders no doubt laugh when they hear about Hawaii’s new night life—from six to nine, with no liquor served. But to the fun-starved residents of Honolulu even a simple pleasure such as this is a welcome blessing. The people of Hawaii have had to learn many new things in the last year and a half, ...
Help Wanted! 21,000 Jobs in Hawaii
Life in Hawaii may have been simple in the old days, but it certainly is no longer. And no one is more aware of the complications brought about by wartime stress than the officials of the Honolulu Federal Civil Service office. A chat with these men brought out some interesting facts of life about men, women, and jobs in Hawaii. ...
Poor Planning Now Means Future Regret
Honolulu’s acute housing shortage that has existed since before the start of the war and the recent federal authorization to construct five hundred homes here have made the subject of construction a favorite topic of conversation in Hawaii. ...
Hotel Street, the Service Man’s Domain
Hotel Street, from River to Richards, has become the service man’s domain. Like the stalls of market-day Palestine, the merchants of Honolulu have taken every available inch of space to sell their wares. The doorway or nook that once went to the shoeshine boy is now a jewelry counter ...
Honolulu Looks at Tomorrow
Honolulu, its municipal machinery geared to war and running with amazing rhythm under conditions that might well be expected to cause it to rattle and clank, operated during its second year of global conflict so as to produce public services adequate to supply the community’s immediate needs ...
Hawaii Rifles—Big Island Volunteer Unit
The scarlet Lehua flower is the red badge of courage as well as the official insignia of the Hawaii Rifles. A profound poetic insight could have chosen no more eloquent symbol than this for the fighting men of the Volunteer regiments of the Island of Hawaii. For upon the tortured and riven black lava flows, ...
Invasion by Haoles at Niihau
The war—and the Army—have revolutionized Niihau. A curious transition has taken place on this tiny little isle lying twenty miles off the rugged coast of Kauai. The modern world of jeeps, radios, movies, electric lights, and bold-eyed strangers in uniform has invaded that legendary baronial estate with its 130 inhabitants. ...
The Year in Retrospect
Compared with the revolutionary changes that turned Hawaii topsy-turvy the year before, the past year has been a relatively uneventful one in Hawaii. Although still living under more controls than exist anywhere else in the country, the people of the Islands have experienced gradual lifting ...
On January 31, U.S. forces invaded the Marshall Islands, and after three weeks of fighting that island group was under U.S. control. On February 3, U.S. warships shelled the Kurile Islands in Northern Japan. On April 22, the Allies invaded New Guinea. On August 10, Guam was retaken. ...
Finishing School of the South Pacific Combat Soldier
“Guts at both ends of the bayonet,” the traditional motto of “Wild Bill” echoes and re-echoes itself throughout the huge jungle valleys in Hawaii that Lt. Col. William Crowell Saffarrans has picked for his school. Ever the practical, never the spectacular, “Wild Bill” Saffarrans has inaugurated ...
Hawaiian Economy, Present and Future
The war is effecting many and sweeping changes in the economy of the Islands. The basic production of Hawaii—cane and pines—is being carried on under terrific strain. The Islands have been transformed into a fortress. The new airports and defense projects have commandeered much excellent land; ...
A Yank’s-Eye View of Honolulu
The war hasn’t changed the people of Honolulu a bit. They are still as hopelessly sentimental, as wildly romantic, and as childishly imaginative as they were in the days before the blitz. When the Japs blasted their ivory tower with death-dealing bombs and machine-gun bullets, ...
Hawaii’s Debt on Army Day
In observing Army Day, Hawaii owes a special debt of gratitude to the Americans of Japanese ancestry fighting gallantly in Europe, not only for their share in fighting the war, but because they have become symbols throughout the world that Americanism is not a matter of “race, color, or creed.” ...
Honolulu . . . Island Boomtown
Astronomical figures on money spending are no novelty these days, but the staggering amount of money that has been circulating in Honolulu since the start of the war is probably unequaled in any area of the same geographical limitations and civilian population. ...
Frank Comments by a Feminine Legislator
When two grand old political parties, like the Republican and Democratic parties of Hawaii, permit their representation of our government to develop into a poker game, with cards stacked against personalities and chips on shoulders, responsible leaders of this community should take a definite stand ...
Should Service Men “Date” Oriental Girls?
An interesting outgrowth of the war in Hawaii is the problem of social relations between civilians and service men. The influx of these mainland soldiers has created a sociological problem that no doubt will play a large part in shaping our social and cultural life in after years. ...
War Workers as a Social Group
Early in 1941 Honolulu opened its gates and started running another social group through its already strained digestive system.To this city, still struggling to assimilate such racial, cultural, and social groups as the Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, Filipinos, Portuguese, Puerto Ricans, Caucasians, ...
Honolulu Civic Center: An Analysis
The present Civic Center is a bit of Honolulu and Hawaii that is picturesque, beautiful, and distinctive. It is characteristic of old Honolulu. It is something that none of us would want to see abolished.The buildings of which our Civic Center is composed are Federal, Territorial, and Municipal in function: ...
The Pearl Harbor Memorial
The Pearl Harbor Memorial Trust is an eleemosynary corporation chartered by the Governor of the Territory of Hawaii. The objects and purpose of the corporation are “to acquire land for, build and maintain a suitable memorial dedicated to the men who fought in the battles of the Pacific, ...
Inter-Racial Marriage in Hawaii
Thirty-two percent of all marriages contracted during the past fiscal year in Hawaii were between persons of different racial backgrounds, the annual report of Edward Y. Z. Chong, acting registrar general of the bureau of vital statistics, says. ...
Soldier and a Juke Box
Honolulu is a strange, new place these days. The beaches are fairly clear now of their barbed wire, but streamers of dank seaweed still dangle from the twisted strands at low-water mark. The formerly gentle, spoiled way of life in Hawaii has given way to something quick, sinewy, and hard. ...
The Year in Retrospect
Except for its important role as the base from which the Pacific war’s mighty offensive was launched, there were few outstanding events in Hawaii during the past year. It was mostly work and little play for residents of the Islands, both civilian and military. But in spite of the monotonous pattern of work and rest, ...
In January, the City and County of Honolulu refused to lease Ala Moana Park to the Army, citing a law that prohibited a transfer for such a purpose. In late February, U.S. forces completed the capture of Manila. In March, Iwo Jima was taken by U.S. Marines, and, in April, the island of Okinawa was invaded. ...
Territorial Plans for Administrative Center
A post-war planning division under the Department of Public Works of the Territory was created by Hawaii Defense Act, Rule No. 87. Members of this division, after much research and study, recently published a prospectus on various plans for expansion of the Territory’s administrative center, ...
Planning Honolulu: A Study
Ethnographically and climatically, Honolulu has affinities with all countries and nations bordering the Pacific Ocean; geographically, it is their center. Air transportation brings these countries closer to Honolulu than to each other, with traveling time reduced to hours. These conditions and Honolulu’s own charm ...
Punahou Goes Home
The boys and girls of Punahou are going back to their campus again. It was a big moment when, on Feb. 6, 1945, President Fox made the announcement at a special assembly called in the middle of the morning; and the thousand students present filled the air with their yells of delight. ...
A Pocket Guide to Honolulu
When Uncle Sam says to a soldier, “So You’re Going to Hawaii!” he now has a practical method of letting the man in uniform know what to expect when he reaches the islands. It is A Pocket Guide to Hawaii, an attractive booklet that is issued to the men aboard the transports en route, ...
Fixit Is Fine
Miss Fixit is the sweetheart, mother confessor, and arbitrator of the Army, Navy, and Marines. For the past few years—four to be exact—she has been breezing her way into their hearts and minds through her popular question-and-answer column that appears daily in The Honolulu Advertiser. ...
Troubles in Paradise
Sociologically, the Territory of Hawaii is part of the United States. When you arrive you feel at home almost immediately. It has the same religious system, family pattern, economy, language, and educational system. However, there are physical and social factors that set it apart and give it a distinctive flavor. ...
Colossus of the Pacific
“The Yard” has become synonymous with tremendous effort and extraordinary accomplishment. The great base of today (a picture remote from the undermanned area that invited assault nearly four years ago) is intertwined with the lives of almost countless Honolulu residents, both kamaaina and malihini. ...
Gracious Tradition in the Home of a Late Hawaiian Princess
Some months ago, when the USO learned that Uncle Sam’s girls were coming to this doorstep of the Pacific war, it started looking around for an oversized welcome mat and a place to put it . . . and found it in the historic old home of Princess David Kawananakoa on Pensacola Street. ...
The Light Warden
Some time ago we had a practice air raid alert and blackout. The sirens wailed, we again stumbled around in the dark for a few minutes, and malihinis made annoyed remarks. But as the sirens sounded their all-clear call, it occurred to me that here indeed, by the very “practice” nature of the blackout, ...
A Warden’s Technique
Getting down to the serious part of the job, and the thing that is really the heart of the whole problem of being a successful light warden, I found that the whole crux of the matter lay in a proper approach to the individual who inadvertently or carelessly violated the law. One had to approach him in a way calculated ...
Word of the impending Japanese surrender reached Hawaii shortly after three o’clock in the morning. Hickam Field went wild with joy, with men racing through barracks awakening those who still slept and telephoning the news to their civilian friends in Honolulu. Radios were switched on ...
New Jobs for Lei Sellers
The lei sellers, once—and no doubt soon to be again—the first attraction to meet the tourist’s eye as he stepped ashore in Honolulu, have a new temporary job. It’s their second new job since the war dressed Hawaii’s visitors in uniforms. The first job, once of vital importance to the war effort, ...
Horse Racing Returns to Hawaii
“They’re off!” The old familiar race-track shout was a real treat to war-time Honolulu as the bangtails returned to the Kailua Race Track on July 1st at the Oahu Jockey Club Summer Meet. Several thousand G.I.s saw for the first time Oahu’s top thoroughbreds running it off on the fast five-furlong track ...
The Territory’s Schools Did Their Share
Before sunset of that eventful day, trucks rolled up to the doors of school buildings and unloaded great numbers of frightened women and children. Teachers, principals, and cafeteria managers were already setting up Army cots, preparing food, and taking care of small children and babies. ...
Red Cross “Re-Cap”
Hawaii has the only Red Cross Chapter that was under fire in World War II. Perhaps that accounts, in part, for the sustained interest and remarkable accomplishments of its volunteers. They know how it feels to have an enemy at the door, the anxiety of wondering if he will return tonight, or next week, or ever. ...
The “Society Cops”
In June 1939, Maj. Douglas King of Honolulu returned to his former home in England, hoping to be taken back into the British Army, but was rejected as being over the age limit. He returned to Hawaii and in May 1941, offered his services to his adopted country and was appointed a “dollar-a-year man” ...
Hawaii’s Organized Defense Volunteers
The primary factor that influenced the formation of the Organized Defense Volunteers was the threat of attack during the uncertain months following December 1941. Several groups had organized prior to that time. They were called “Emergency Guard” and “Provisional Police.” ...
Honolulu Symphony in the War Years
As the Honolulu Symphony Orchestra prepares for its first series of post-war concerts, it is interesting to review its activities during the four years of war, which, strange as it may seem, were the most successful in the history of the organization. ...
Hawaii’s Bid as United Nations Capitol
Decision to propose Hawaii as the permanent site of the United Nations Capitol was made relatively late, after other cities had prepared elaborate campaigns to “sell” themselves. However, a highly effective presentation was prepared and shipped to London by Hawaii’s committee and the contents of this presentation are of interest ...
Five Hundred Men to a Girl
This article does not deal with the teen-age girl whose mother turned her loose at twelve. It deals with the girl whose parents want to know where the party is to be held, with whom she is going, and at what time she will return. It deals with the service men whose mothers and wives write two and three times a week, ...
Hawaii played an important but minor role in the world drama during the past year, one of the most eventful in history. Local news was relatively insignificant compared with the staggering headlines of war and peace. However, because Hawaii was affected by the war more than any other area of the United States, ...
Across the Mainland and in Hawai‘i, labor demands to share in the post-war prosperity. Corporations turn a deaf ear and strikes occur. The Hawai‘i Sugar Planters Association begins recruiting and shipping in Filipino workers. And statehood for Hawai‘i gets a big boost when President Truman says he’s for it. ...
War and the Birds of Midway
The leeward islands of the Hawaiian Chain are world renowned for their breeding colonies of tropical seabirds. Some of these seabirds breed in only a few other places in the world. Laysan and Midway are also widely known as the home of the Laysan Rail and the Laysan Finch. These latter species live, or lived ...
Hawaii can expect an influx of tourists in 1947 numbering more than 110,000, a figure unexcelled in the history of the islands, according to an estimate recently made by Mark Egan, executive secretary of the Hawaii Visitors Bureau. Before the war some fifty thousand tourists spent in excess of $20 million a year in Hawaii, ...
Housing Dream Come True
A brand new town, complete from the garage of the last house on the last street to the drug store across from the community hall, is an event of importance. The territory of Hawaii is to have not only one such modern town but possibly a baker’s dozen of them, and this isn’t the dream of a visionary. ...
Hawaii—49th State by ’49?
Statehood for territories perhaps had its inception in 1787, when Congress, still under the Confederation, passed the Northwest Ordinance, bringing into existence the territorial form of government and providing conditions for transition from territory to state. Statehood for Hawaii has been brewing for more than a century. ...
“We Wish to Do Our Part”
Because of the color of their skin, some of us forgot. Forgot that they knew about the seventh-inning stretch, read the colored comics on Sunday, liked apple pie a la mode. Forgot that they were Americans of Japanese ancestry—and not Japanese. Some of us said that color would tell, that yellow was yellow, and white was white. ...
Hawaii, like the rest of the country, groped its way through 1946, wrestling with grave problems such as a housing shortage and labor-management disputes. As the year comes to a close, these and other problems are far from solved. Cheering notes, however, have been the remarkable speed with which ...
Without Ma there, Paradise lost its kama‘a-ina voice. Instead, editor O’Brien sought to exploit the military market by producing “special editions” as mementos—Navy Day Edition, Armed Forces Anthology, Victory Edition, Honolulu Today. But with troops heading home, the military was a dwindling market. ...
About the Editor
Bob Dye is the author of Merchant Prince of the Sandalwood Mountains and edited two previous Hawai‘i Chronicles volumes (both University of Hawai‘i Press). He is a well-known freelance writer on local political events and Hawaiian history. His articles have appeared in local and national magazines, newspapers, ...
Publication Year: 2000
OCLC Number: 53976436
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