Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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p. v

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Acknowledgments

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p. vii

I have had the privilege of working and studying at several universities while preparing this book. The Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies at Harvard University supported my research as a graduate student by purchasing a data set of Japanese elections. The National Science Foundation...

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1. Stereotypes of Success or Failure in Japanese Politics

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pp. 1-8

History is the story of winners, and of the inevitability of their triumphs. Rarely is a losing candidate noticed, much less praised, after an election; the virtue cited, if any, is usually graceful defeat. Governments that lose wars, are unstable, or suffer an economic recession...

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2. The LDP Fall from Power

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pp. 9-35

On 29 January 1994, the last day of an extended legislative session, both Houses of the Japanese Diet in a combined session approved political reform legislation. This legislation changed the Japanese electoral system, put greater restrictions on political fund-raising, and...

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3. Strategic Dilemmas and Options of the Opposition

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pp. 36-68

The twists and turns of Japanese politics in the 1990s seem to support the conclusion that the opposition parties failed in their attempt to wrest power from the LDP. The few who have paid attention to this ignominious record have blamed the incompetence...

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4. Electoral Cooperation in Japan

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pp. 69-122

Nineteen seventy-one was a watershed year for electoral cooperation in Japan. It marked the first time the political parties had formally cooperated in a national election. Their cooperation efforts have continued unabated since then. In the following three decades, four...

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5. Party Cooperation and Strategies of Party Reorganization

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pp. 123-154

In 1970, a Japanese journalist wrote an account of the events surrounding the formation of the two coalition governments of 1947–1948, which included the Socialist Party. Unfortunately, the author could find no publisher for his work. At that time, there was little...

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6. Successes and Failures of the Opposition Parties

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pp. 155-191

Superficial evidence seems to suggest that the Japanese opposition has utterly failed. The LDP ruled Japan for thirty-eight uninterrupted years, until 1993, and it returned to power in 1994, reconstructing its parliamentary majority in 1997. Hrebenar...

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7. The Future of Japanese Politics

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pp. 192-196

How does this analysis of opposition efforts and interparty cooperation help predict the future trajectory of Japanese politics? Prediction is a difficult task in politics. Because I claim that explanations of events share some commonalities and are not entirely idiosyncratic...

Notes

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pp. 197-209

Works Cited

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pp. 211-219

Index

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pp. 221-228